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KPF 3: Control the Spread of Disease

Disease control efforts limit the spread of disease by avoiding unnecessary exposure and preventing the onset of disease in those exposed. By controlling the spread of disease, lives are saved and resources may be used more effectively, thus reducing the overall impact of the incident. Depending on the nature of the incident (e.g., intentional, accidental release, or naturally occurring; transmission via contaminated surfaces or air; and contagious versus non-contagious disease), controlling the spread may involve a combination of NPIs, MCMs, and/or environmental containment/source reduction (e.g., vector control).