OpenFEMA Dataset: Disaster Declarations Summaries - V1

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This page documents the metadata for the Disaster Declarations Summaries API data feed.

Entity Name



FEMA Disaster Declarations Summary is a summarized dataset describing all federally declared disasters. This dataset lists all official FEMA Disaster Declarations, beginning with the first disaster declaration in 1953 and features all three disaster declaration types: major disaster, emergency, and fire management assistance. The dataset includes declared recovery programs and geographic areas (county not available before 1964; Fire Management records are considered partial due to historical nature of the dataset).

Please note the unique structure of the disaster sequencing (due to a numbering system that originated in the 1950's-1970's):
0001-1999     Major Disaster Declaration
2000-2999     Fire Management
3000-3999     Emergency Declaration (Special Emergency)
4000-           Major Disaster Declaration

This is raw, unedited data from FEMA's National Emergency Management Information System (NEMIS) and as such is subject to a small percentage of human error. The dataset is primarily composed of historical data that was manually entered into NEMIS after it launched in 1998. The financial information is derived from NEMIS and not FEMA's official financial systems.

Due to differences in reporting periods, status of obligations, and how business rules are applied, this financial information may differ slightly from official publication on public websites such as This dataset is not intended to be used for any official federal financial reporting.



Program URL



OpenFEMA -

API Endpoint

Full Data



disaster, declaration, fema, nemis, emergency

Data Fields

disasterNumberDisaster NumbernumberSequentially assigned number used to designate an event or incident declared as a disaster. For more information on the disaster process, //
ihProgramDeclaredIH Program DeclaredbooleanDenotes whether the Individuals and Households program was declared for this disaster. For more information on the program, please visit: //
iaProgramDeclaredIA Program DeclaredbooleanDenotes whether the Individual Assistance program was declared for this disaster. For more information on the program, please visit: //
paProgramDeclaredPA Program DeclaredbooleanDenotes whether the Public Assistance program was declared for this disaster. For more information on the program, please visit: //
hmProgramDeclaredHM Program DeclaredbooleanDenotes whether the Hazard Mitigation program was declared for this disaster. For more information on the program, please visit: //
stateStatestringThe name or phrase describing the U.S. state, district, or territory.
declarationDateDeclaration DatedateDate the disaster was declared.
fyDeclaredFiscal Year DeclareddateThe fiscal year the disaster was declared.
disasterTypeDisaster TypestringTwo character code that defines if the disaster is a Major Disaster Declaration (DR), Emergency Declaration (EM), Fire Management Assistance Declaration (FM), or Fire Suppression Authorization (FS). For more information on the disaster process, please visit: //
incidentTypeIncident TypestringType of incident such as fire or flood. The incident type will affect the types of assistance available. For more information on incident types, please visit: //
titleTitlestringTitle for the disaster.
incidentBeginDateIncident Begin DatedateDate the incident itself began.
incidentEndDateIncident End DatedateDate the incident itself ended.
disasterCloseOutDateDisaster Close Out DatedateDate all financial transactions for all programs are completed.
placeCodePlace Codestring

A unique code system FEMA uses internally to recognize locations that takes the numbers “99” + the 3-digit county FIPS code. There are some declared locations that don’t have recognized FIPS county codes in which case we assigned a unique identifier.

declaredCountyAreaDeclared County AreastringThe name or phrase describing the U.S. county that was included in the declaration.
lastRefreshLast RefreshdateDate the record was last updated in the API data store
hashHashstringMD5 Hash of the fields and values of the record

Unique ID assigned to the record


Last Updated: 
11/07/2018 - 13:19