This page documents the metadata for the Disaster Declarations Summaries API data feed.
FEMA Disaster Declarations Summary is a summarized dataset describing all federally declared disasters. This dataset lists all official FEMA Disaster Declarations, beginning with the first disaster declaration in 1953 and features all three disaster declaration types: major disaster, emergency, and fire management assistance. The dataset includes declared recovery programs and geographic areas (county not available before 1964; Fire Management records are considered partial due to historical nature of the dataset).
Please note the unique structure of the disaster sequencing (due to a numbering system that originated in the 1950's-1970's):
0001-1999 Major Disaster Declaration
2000-2999 Fire Management
3000-3999 Emergency Declaration (Special Emergency)
4000- Major Disaster Declaration
This is raw, unedited data from FEMA's National Emergency Management Information System (NEMIS) and as such is subject to a small percentage of human error. The dataset is primarily composed of historical data that was manually entered into NEMIS after it launched in 1998. The financial information is derived from NEMIS and not FEMA's official financial systems.
Due to differences in reporting periods, status of obligations, and how business rules are applied, this financial information may differ slightly from official publication on public websites such as www.usaspending.gov. This dataset is not intended to be used for any official federal financial reporting.
A newer version of this OpenFEMA data set has been released. This older dataset version will no longer be updated and will be archived by the end of April 2020. The following page details the latest version of this data set: https://www.fema.gov/openfema-dataset-disaster-declarations-summaries-v2. CSV and JSON Files can be downloaded from the 'Full Data' section.
To access the dataset through an API endpoint, visit the 'API Endpoint' section of the above page. Accessing data in this fashion permits data filtering, sorting, and field selection. The OpenFEMA API Documentation page provides information on API usage.
If you have media inquiries about this dataset, please email the FEMA News Desk FEMA-News-Desk@dhs.gov or call (202) 646-3272. For inquiries about FEMA's data and Open government program, please contact the OpenFEMA team via email OpenFEMA@fema.dhs.gov.
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disaster, declaration, fema, nemis, emergency
|disasterNumber||Disaster Number||number||Sequentially assigned number used to designate an event or incident declared as a disaster. For more information on the disaster process, visit https://www.fema.gov|
|ihProgramDeclared||IH Program Declared||boolean||Denotes whether the Individuals and Households program was declared for this disaster. For more information on the program, please visit https://www.fema.gov|
|iaProgramDeclared||IA Program Declared||boolean||Denotes whether the Individual Assistance program was declared for this disaster. For more information on the program, please visit https://www.fema.gov|
|paProgramDeclared||PA Program Declared||boolean||Denotes whether the Public Assistance program was declared for this disaster. For more information on the program, please visit https://www.fema.gov|
|hmProgramDeclared||HM Program Declared||boolean||Denotes whether the Hazard Mitigation program was declared for this disaster. For more information on the program, please visit: https://www.fema.gov|
|state||State||string||The name or phrase describing the U.S. state, district, or territory|
|declarationDate||Declaration Date||date||Date the disaster was declared|
|fyDeclared||FY Declared||number||Fiscal year in which the disaster was declared|
|disasterType||Disaster Type||string||Two character code that defines if this is a major disaster, fire management, or emergency declaration. For more information on the disaster process, please visit https://www.fema.gov|
|incidentType||Incident Type||string||Type of incident such as fire or flood. The incident type will affect the types of assistance available. For more information on incident types, please visit https://www.fema.gov|
|title||Title||string||Title for the disaster|
|incidentBeginDate||Incident Begin Date||date||Date the incident itself began|
|incidentEndDate||Incident End Date||date||Date the incident itself ended|
|disasterCloseoutDate||Disaster Closeout Date||date||Date all financial transactions for all programs are completed|
|declaredCountyArea||Declared County Area||string||The name or phrase describing the U.S. county that was included in the declaration|
|placeCode||Place Code||string||A unique code system FEMA uses internally to recognize locations that takes the numbers '99' + the 3-digit county FIPS code. There are some declared locations that don't have recognized FIPS county codes in which case we assigned a unique identifier|
|lastRefresh||Last Refresh||date||Date the record was last updated in the API data store|
|hash||Hash||string||MD5 Hash of the fields and values of the record|
|id||ID||string||Unique ID assigned to the record|