Hazard mitigation is any sustainable action that reduces or eliminates long-term risk to people and property from future disasters. Mitigation planning breaks the cycle of disaster damage, reconstruction and repeated damage. Hazard mitigation includes long-term solutions that reduce the impact of disasters in the future.
FEMA's hazard mitigation assistance provides funding for eligible mitigation measures that reduce disaster losses. It also:
- Reduces vulnerability of communities to disasters and their effects.
- Promotes individual and community safety and their ability to adapt to changing conditions and withstand and rapidly recover from disruption due to emergencies (resilience).
- Promotes community vitality after a disaster.
- Lessens response and recovery resource requirements after a disaster.
- Results in safer communities that are less reliant on external financial assistance.
Hazard Mitigation Assistance Guidance
Access resources to help interpret federal statutes, regulations and best practices about mitigation strategies.
View Guidance Documents
News and Announcements
The Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities and Flood Mitigation Assistance Notices of Funding Opportunities (NOFOs)were published on Aug. 9, 2021. The NOFOs are posted on grants.gov provide detailed program information and other grant application and administration requirements for applicants and subapplicants.
On Sept. 30, 2021, the application period opened for these hazard mitigation grant applications. The Fiscal Year 2021 hazard mitigation grant application period will close at 3 p.m. Eastern Time on Jan. 28, 2022. Please note, applicants may have earlier deadlines for subapplicants. For local governments and state and tribal agencies, please contact your State Hazard Mitigation Officer to learn about the applicant's priorities, deadlines, and additional requirements.
On Aug. 8, 2021, President Joseph R. Biden, Jr. announced $3.46 billion in mitigation funding for 59 major disaster declarations for COVID-19 global pandemic.
With the growing climate change crisis facing the nation, FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Grant Program will provide funding for states, territories and tribes to maximize their investment in mitigation measures that result in safer and more resilient communities.
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Available Grants - FEMA Administered
FEMA Hazard Mitigation Assistance has five grant programs.
Assists in implementing long-term hazard mitigation planning and projects following a Presidential major disaster declaration.
Assistance available to help communities implement hazard mitigation measures after wildfire disasters.
Provides funds for planning and projects to reduce or eliminate risk of flood damage to buildings that are insured annually under the National Flood Insurance Program.
Support for states, local communities, tribes and territories as they undertake hazard mitigation projects, reducing the risks they face from disasters and natural hazards.
Provides funds annually for hazard mitigation planning and projects.
FEMA's Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) Division is pleased to present the HMA Strategic Framework FY22-23. This multi-year strategy is informed by the 2018-2022 FEMA Strategic Plan and FIMA’s Mitigation Directorate FY 2021-2023 Strategy. It emphasizes increasing mitigation investments and reducing complexity while promoting equity and reducing risk from cascading, frequent, and changing conditions. Completed in June 2021, this strategy covers all HMA programs and 406 hazard mitigation under the Public Assistance program.
The Hazard Mitigation Partners Workshop is the annual gathering of hazard mitigation stakeholders with the purpose of informing and updating them about mitigation grants and floodplain management, strengthening those relationships, and providing knowledge transfer between FEMA and invited attendees.
FEMA has published the summary of applications and subapplications received for the 2020 Hazard Mitigation Assistance annual non-disaster grant cycle. Read the summary details about applications submitted for the Flood Mitigation Assistance and Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities grants.
Watch the recording of HMA’s cost share webinar that FEMA hosted on Oct. 29, 2020, and download its presentation.
Watch the recording of HMA’s Residential Property Mitigation Webinar that FEMA hosted on Nov. 20, 2020, and download its presentation.