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Mitigation Planning and Grants

When applying for certain types of non-emergency disaster assistance, FEMA requires a hazard mitigation plan. These requirements are part of the laws, regulations and policy surrounding hazard mitigation planning. 

Developing hazard mitigation plans help state, tribal and local governments to:

  • Increase education and awareness on natural hazards and community vulnerabilities
  • Build partnerships with government, organizations, businesses and the public to reduce risk
  • Identify long-term strategies for risk reduction with input from stakeholders and the public
  • Identify cost-effective mitigation actions that focus resources on the greatest risks areas
  • Integrate planning efforts and risk reduction with other community planning efforts
  • Align risk reduction with other state, tribal or community objectives
  • Communicate priorities to potential funders

Is a Mitigation Plan Required?

The tables below summarize hazard mitigation plan requirements for state, tribal, territorial and local officials that are applying to FEMA for assistance, either directly or through a state as sub-applicants.

Hazard mitigation plans need to be updated and re-submitted for FEMA approval every five years to maintain eligibility.

Enabling Legislation: Stafford Act

FEMA Assistance ProgramRequired for a State/Tribal Applicant?Required for a Tribal/Local Sub-Applicant?
Individual Assistance (IA)NoNo
Public Assistance (PA)
Categories A and B (e.g., debris removal, emergency protective measures)
NoNo
Public Assistance (PA)
Categories C through G (e.g., repairs to damaged infrastructure, publicly owned buildings)
YesNo
Fire Mitigation Assistance Grants (FMAG)YesNo
Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) planning grantYes+No
Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) project grantYes+Yes++
Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC) planning grantNoNo
Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC) project grantYes*Yes**

Enabling Legislation: National Flood Insurance Act

FEMA Assistance ProgramRequired for a State/Tribal Applicant?Required for a Tribal/Local Sub-Applicant?
Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) planning grantYes*No
Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) project grantYes*Yes**

Enabling Legislation: Water Infrastructure Improvements for the Nation (WIIN) Act

FEMA Assistance ProgramRequired for a State/Tribal Applicant?Required for a Tribal/Local Sub-Applicant?
Rehabilitation of High Hazard Potential Dam (HHPD) Grant Program Yes#Yes#

Notes

+ At the time of the Presidential major disaster declaration and at the time of obligation of HMGP grant funds.

++ At the time of obligation of HMGP grant funds for mitigation projects.

* By the application deadline and at the time of obligation of the BRIC or FMA award.

** By the application deadline and at the time of obligation of BRIC or FMA grant funds for mitigation projects.

# Mitigation plans must include all dam risk in accordance with the requirements set forth in the HHPD Grant Program Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO).  Nonprofit organizations must be located in a jurisdiction with a FEMA-approved local mitigation plan that includes all dam risks in order to receive funds.

Last updated October 16, 2020