The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Stafford Act) legally requires state, local, tribal and territorial governments to adopt FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plans to receive certain types of non-emergency disaster assistance. Requirements and procedures to implement hazard mitigation planning provisions may be found in the Code of Federal Regulations, Stafford Act Title 44, Chapter 1, Part 201 (44 CFR Part 201).
The Stafford Act authorizes the following grant programs for eligible applicants who have an approved and adopted hazard mitigation plan:
Since the Stafford Act, additional laws have been passed that help to shape hazard mitigation policy. These revisions are included in the Sandy Recovery Improvement Act (SRIA) of 2013, the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968, and the Water Infrastructure Improvements for the Nation (WIIN) Act of 2016.
The following mitigation planning guidance documents constitute FEMA’s official policy on and interpretation of the hazard mitigation planning requirements.
- State Mitigation Plan Review Guide (March 2015)
- Local Mitigation Plan Review Guide (October 2011)
- Guía de Revisión del Plan Local de Mitigación (Octubre 2011)
- Tribal Mitigation Plan Review Guide (December 2017)
Additional Mitigation Planning Policies
- State Mitigation Plan Review Guide Policy (FP 302-094-2, March 6, 2015)
- Policy for use of Local Mitigation Planning Handbook (FP 302-094-1, March 29, 2013)
- Restrictions on Grant Obligations to State, Tribal and Local Governments without a FEMA-Approved Mitigation Plan (FP 306-112-1, August 19, 2013)
- MT-PL #1: Disaster Declaration Procedures After May 1, 2005 for States Without an Approved State Mitigation Plan
To view prior hazard mitigation planning policy documents that have been superseded, visit the Hazard Mitigation Planning Policy Archive.