Hazard Mitigation Planning

Hazard mitigation planning reduces loss of life and property by minimizing the impact of disasters. It begins with state, tribal and local governments identifying natural disaster risks and vulnerabilities that are common in their area. After identifying these risks, they develop long-term strategies for protecting people and property from similar events. Mitigation plans are key to breaking the cycle of disaster damage and reconstruction.

Policy Updates

Updates to State and Local Mitigation Planning Policies Went into Effect April 19, 2023

FEMA’s updated State and Local Mitigation Planning Policy Guides (policies) went into effect on April 19, 2023. All state and local plans must meet the requirements of the updated policies. Visit the Policy Updates webpage to learn more.

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News and Announcements

Biden Administration Commits Historic $3.46 Billion in Hazard Mitigation Funds to Reduce Effects of Climate Change

On Aug. 8, 2021, President Joseph R. Biden, Jr. announced $3.46 billion in mitigation funding for 59 major disaster declarations for COVID-19 global pandemic. 

With the growing climate change crisis facing the nation, FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Grant Program will provide funding for states, territories and tribes to maximize their investment in mitigation measures that result in safer and more resilient communities.

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Hazard Mitigation Grant Program Cost Share Information for Section 311 of the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2022

This guidance is for state, local, tribal, and territorial governments regarding the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2022, which includes a provision that increases the federal cost share for Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) to not less than 90% for all emergency or major disaster declarations occurring, or an incident period beginning, between Jan. 1, 2020, and Dec. 31, 2021. This guidance provides information on funding, application period extensions, FEMA/ State/Tribe/Territory Agreements and HMGP Administrative Plans and periods of performance.

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Get Started

Access our handbooks and resources geared toward state, local and tribal governments.

Browse stories from across the country chronicling best practices in mitigation efforts and funding applications.

See when a plan is required for state, tribal, territorial and local officials applying to FEMA for assistance.

Resources to help implement, integrate and maintain hazard mitigation plans.

See quarterly metrics and interactive maps displaying the status of current mitigation plans in the United States

Learn about the laws regulating hazard mitigation plans and access policy and guidance documents.


Planners should contact the FEMA mitigation planner in their Region for assistance but may also contact:

For resources and information on how to integrate individuals with disabilities and others with access and functional needs into hazard mitigation planning, contact FEMA’s Office of Disability Integration and Coordination.

Last updated April 25, 2023