This page provides resources for various departments within State governments, including mitigation planners and additional stakeholders, to assist in the update of State mitigation plans and support the ongoing State mitigation planning process and implementation.
State Mitigation Planning Resources
The following resources can help State governments update their mitigation plans.
- The State Mitigation Plan Review Guide (2015) is FEMA’s policy on and interpretation of the mitigation planning requirements for State mitigation planning.
- The State Mitigation Planning Key Topics Bulletins (2016) provides FEMA’s official policy on the natural hazard mitigation planning requirements for states established in the Code of Federal Regulations.
- The State Mitigation Planning Fact Sheet (2015) provides an overview of hazard mitigation planning under FEMA’s National Mitigation Planning Program for state governments.
- Mitigation Ideas: A Resource for Reducing Risk to Natural Hazards (2013) provides a resource that State governments can use to identify and evaluate a range of potential mitigation actions for reducing risk to natural hazards and disasters.
- IS-329 State Hazard Mitigation Planning (2019) is an online, self-paced course which provides state officials an opportunity to understand the policies and procedures for updating State Hazard Mitigation Plans (as outlined in the 2015 State Plan Review Guide), and effectively use the planning process to advance mitigation.
For more information or to request training and technical assistance to build mitigation planning capabilities, State officials can contact their respective Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) Senior Mitigation Planner in the Mitigation Division, Risk Analysis Branch of the appropriate FEMA Regional Office.
Mitigation Planning Regulations and FEMA Assistance Programs
The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Stafford Act), as amended, provides the legal basis for State governments to undertake mitigation planning. The Stafford Act requires state, tribal, and local governments to develop and adopt FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plans as a condition for receiving certain types of non-emergency disaster assistance.
The State mitigation planning regulations are established in Title 44 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) §201.3 Standard State Mitigation Plans and Title 44 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) §201.4 Standard State Mitigation Plans. In addition, states can become eligible to receive increased funds under the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program through successfully approving and adopting an Enhanced State Mitigation Plan. Under Title 44 CFR §201.5 Enhanced State Mitigation Plans, States must demonstrate that “a State has developed a comprehensive mitigation program, that the State effectively uses available mitigation funding, and that it is capable of managing the increased funding”.
State governments must review and update their hazard mitigation plan as a condition for receiving the following types of non-emergency disaster assistance. These types of assistance include:
- Public Assistance (PA) Grant Program, Categories C-G
- Fire Management Assistance Grants (FMAG) Program
- Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)
- Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) Program
- Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) Program
- Rehabilitation of High Hazard Potential Dam (HHPD) Grant Program
Restrictions on Grant Obligations to State, Tribal and Local Governments without a FEMA-Approved Mitigation Plan (2013) describes the implications to state, tribal, and local governments that do not have a FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plan relative to receiving assistance under certain FEMA assistance programs. For more information, please visit the Hazard Mitigation Plan Requirement page.
Further information on FEMA’s Mitigation grant programs is available from the Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) program.
The HMA Program also provides information on grant policy and resources that can assist with the development of planning and project grant applications. More information on the HMA grant programs (HMGP, PDM, and FMA) can be found in the Hazard Mitigation Assistance brochures.
States with a dam safety program interested in receiving funding from FEMA’s new Rehabilitation of High Hazard Potential Dams (HHPD) Grant Program must include all dam risks in FEMA-approved mitigation plans. HHPDs are defined as those that fail to meet minimum dam safety standards and pose an unacceptable risk to the public. Additional resources include:
- Identifying High Hazard Dam Risk in the United States
- Dam Considerations in Flood Mapping Studies
- Considering the Residual Risk from Dams in Flood Risk Products
- Risk Communication for Dams in Risk MAP
- Dam Safety Awareness
For more information or to request training and technical assistance to build mitigation planning capabilities, State officials can contact their respective FEMA’s Senior Mitigation Planner in the Mitigation Division of the appropriate FEMA Regional Office.
General Mitigation Resources
- State Mitigation Plan Review Guide (March 2016) presents FEMA’s official policy on and interpretation of the natural hazard mitigation planning requirements for states established in the Code of Federal Regulations (44 CFR Part 201).
- State Mitigation Planning Key Topics Bulletins are a series of brief documents aimed at informing states on how to meet the regulatory and policy requirements described in the Guide. The series covers all components of the mitigation planning process. The Bulletins are not intended to clarify policy, but instead to provide state officials approaches and resources for updating state hazard mitigation plans.
- Mitigation Ideas: A Resource for Reducing Risk to Natural Hazards (2013) provides information that communities can use to identify and evaluate a range of potential mitigation actions for reducing risk from natural hazards and disasters.
- Using the Hazard Mitigation Plan to Prepare Successful Mitigation Projects shows how a State can move from the hazard mitigation plan to developing mitigation projects that may be implemented fully using FEMA Hazard Mitigation Assistance, as appropriate.
- Integrating Historic Property and Cultural Resource Considerations into Hazard Mitigation Planning (2005) describes how to develop and implement a pre-disaster planning strategy for historic properties and cultural resources.
- Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment site provides information and resources for conducting a hazard identification and risk assessment.
- Using Hazus in Mitigation Planning job aid helps users identify and understand the multiple types of reports, tables, maps, and data produced by Hazus, and how this information can be incorporated into a Hazard Mitigation Plan.