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Local Mitigation Planning Resources

This page discusses resources for local mitigation planning. Local mitigation plans identify the natural hazards that may affect a single or multiple local jurisdictions, such as a town, city, or county. Plans assess risks and vulnerabilities, identify actions to reduce losses from those hazards identified, and establish a coordinated process to implement the plan using a wide range of public and private investments. This page provides resources for various departments within local governments, including emergency managers, mitigation planners, community and economic development planners, floodplain managers, and other stakeholders to assist in the update of local mitigation plans and support the ongoing local mitigation planning process and implementation.

Mitigation Planning Resources

The following resources can help local governments update their mitigation plans.

  • The Local Mitigation Plan Review Guide (2011) (available in Spanish at Guía de Revisión del Plan Local de Mitigación) is FEMA’s policy on and interpretation of the mitigation planning requirements for local mitigation planning.
  • Local Mitigation Planning Handbook (Handbook) is a tool for local governments to use in developing or updating local hazard mitigation plans. The Handbook offers practical approaches, tools, and examples of how communities can engage in effective planning to reduce long-term risk from natural hazards and disasters. The Handbook complements and references the Local Mitigation Plan Review Guide , FEMA’s official policy on and interpretation of the local hazard mitigation planning requirements in the Code of Federal Regulations (44 CFR Part 201).
  • The Local Mitigation Planning Fact Sheet (2012) provides an overview of hazard mitigation planning under FEMA’s National Mitigation Planning Program for local governments.
  • Mitigation Ideas: A Resource for Reducing Risk to Natural Hazards  provides a resource that local governments can use to identify and evaluate a range of potential mitigation actions for reducing risk to natural hazards and disasters.
  • Mitigation Planning and the Community Rating System Key Topics Bulletin identifies ways to make the mitigation planning process and the CRS Program’s Activity 510: Floodplain Management Planning work together for a single, coordinated plan.

For more information or to request training and technical assistance to build mitigation planning capabilities, local officials can contact their local officials can contact their respective State Hazard Mitigation Officer or  respective Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) Senior Mitigation Planner in the Mitigation Division, Risk Analysis Branch of the appropriate FEMA Regional Office.

Mitigation Planning Regulations and FEMA Assistance Programs

The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Stafford Act), as amended, provides the legal basis for local governments to undertake mitigation planning. The Stafford Act requires state, tribal, and local governments to develop and adopt FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plans as a condition for receiving certain types of non-emergency disaster assistance. 

Local mitigation planning regulations are established in Title 44 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) §201.6 Local Mitigation Plans. Local governments must review and update their hazard mitigation plan as a condition for receiving the following mitigation project grants under FEMA mitigation grant programs:

For more information, please visit the Hazard Mitigation Plan Requirement page.

Further information on FEMA’s Mitigation grant programs is available from the Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) program.

The HMA Program also provides information on grant policy and resources that can assist with the development of planning and project grant applications. More information on the HMA grant programs (HMGP, PDM, and FMA) can be found in the Hazard Mitigation Assistance brochures.  Additional resources include:

For more information or to request training and technical assistance to build mitigation planning capabilities, local officials can contact their respective State Hazard Mitigation Officer or  Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) Senior Mitigation Planner in the Mitigation Division, Risk Analysis Branch of the appropriate FEMA Regional Office.

General Mitigation Resources

Last Updated: 
11/16/2018 - 10:44