Local mitigation plans look at natural hazards that may affect local governments and suggest actions to reduce losses from those hazards.
This page has resources to help update local mitigation plans and support ongoing implementation. Departments within local governments, including emergency managers, mitigation planners, community and economic development planners, floodplain managers, and other stakeholders, may find this most useful.
Local Mitigation Planning Resources
- The Local Mitigation Plan Review Guide (2011) helps local officials ensure plans comply with FEMA’s policy on the natural hazard mitigation planning requirements. It is available in Spanish at Guía de Revisión del Plan Local de Mitigación. It is the official interpretation of the Code of Federal Regulations.
- The Local Mitigation Planning Fact Sheet (2012) highlights the Local Mitigation Plan Review Guide.
- The Local Mitigation Planning Handbook (2013) is a tool for local governments to develop or update local hazard mitigation plans. It includes advice for developing a plan, in addition to worksheets and other resources.
- Mitigation Ideas: A Resource for Reducing Risk to Natural Hazards (2013) is a resource for reviewing a range of potential mitigations actions for reducing risk from natural hazards and disasters.
- Mitigation Planning and the Community Rating System Key Topics Bulletin shows ways to integrate the mitigation planning process with the CRS Program’s Activity 510: Floodplain Management Planning.
For more information, to request training, or more technical assistance to build mitigation planning capabilities, local officials can contact their respective State Hazard Mitigation Officer or FEMA’s Senior Mitigation Planner in the Mitigation Division of the appropriate FEMA Regional Office.
Mitigation Planning Regulations and FEMA Assistance Programs
The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Stafford Act), as amended, provides the legal basis for local governments to take on mitigation planning. The Stafford Act requires State, Tribal, and local governments to develop and adopt FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plans to receive certain non-emergency disaster assistance.
Local mitigation planning regulations are in Title 44 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) §201.6 Local Mitigation Plans.
FEMA Assistance Programs
FEMA has many non-emergency disaster assistance programs that require local governments to review and update their hazard mitigation plans to receive funding. These include:
- Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)
- Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) Program
- Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) Program
- Rehabilitation of High Hazard Potential Dams (HHPD) Grant Program
The Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) page provides more detail on FEMA’s mitigation grant programs. The HMA Program has information to help with planning and project grant applications. The Hazard Mitigation Assistance brochures give additional details on the HMA grant programs (HMGP, PDM, and FMA). Other resources include:
- Considerations for Local Mitigation Planning Grant Subapplicants offers guidance to local communities seeking planning grant funding under the HMA Program.
- Local Mitigation Plan Statement of Work is a sample Scope of Work for localities to reference as they start the planning process.
Local jurisdictions interested in funding from FEMA’s new Rehabilitation of High Hazard Potential Dams (HHPD) Grant Program must include all dam risk in FEMA-approved mitigation plans in accordance with the requirements set forth in the FY20 Notice of Funding Opportunity (NoFO). Similarly, nonprofit organizations seeking funds must be in a jurisdiction with a FEMA-approved local mitigation plan that includes all dam risks. Eligible HHPDs are dams that fail to meet minimum dam safety standards and pose an unacceptable risk to the public. Resources include:
- Identifying High Hazard Dam Risk in the United States
- Dam Considerations in Flood Mapping Studies
- Considering the Residual Risk from Dams in Flood Risk Products
- Risk Communication for Dams in Risk MAP
- Dam Safety Awareness
- Living with Dams: Know Your Risk
- DSS-WISE HCOM: Human Consequences of Dam-Break Floods Fact Sheet
- DSS-RISE Lite: Flood Modeling and Simulation Capability Enhancements for Dams Fact Sheet
- DSS-WISE Lite: Web-based Automated Dam-Break Modeling/Mapping Fact Sheet
If your community is working to meet the mitigation planning requirements of the FY 2019 grant program, the FY 2019 NoFO is available online for reference.
Restrictions on Grant Obligations to State, Tribal and Local Governments without a FEMA-Approved Mitigation Plan (2013) shows what happens when State, Tribal, and local governments do not have a FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plan relative to funds under certain FEMA assistance programs. Further information is also on the Hazard Mitigation Plan Requirement page.
For more information, to request training or more technical assistance to build mitigation planning capabilities, local officials can contact their respective State Hazard Mitigation Officer or FEMA’s Senior Mitigation Planner in the Mitigation Division of the appropriate FEMA Regional Office.
General Mitigation Resources
- Mitigation Ideas: A Resource for Reducing Risk to Natural Hazards (2013) is a resource for reviewing a range of potential mitigation actions for reducing risk from natural hazards and disasters.
- Integrating Hazard Mitigation Into Local Planning: Case Studies and Tools for Community Officials (2013) provides guidance to local officials on how to include risk reduction strategies in local plans, policies, codes, and programs. The documents include five fact sheets:
- Using the Hazard Mitigation Plan to Prepare Successful Mitigation Projects shows how to move from the hazard mitigation plan to developing mitigation projects. The mitigation projects may then be enacted fully using FEMA Hazard Mitigation Assistance, as appropriate.
- Integrating Historic Property and Cultural Resource Considerations into Hazard Mitigation Planning (2005) describes how to develop and apply a pre-disaster planning strategy for historic properties and cultural resources.
- Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment site provides information and resources for conducting a hazard identification and risk assessment.
- Hazard Mitigation Planning Training provides available trainings on hazard mitigation planning topics. For in-person trainings hosted by FEMA, contact the appropriate FEMA Regional Office or State Hazard Mitigation Officer.