This page provides resources for state, tribal, and local officials and other parties engaged in developing and implementing hazard mitigation plans. For additional resources focused on the needs of tribal governments, visit the Tribal Mitigation Planning Resources page.
Considerations for Local Mitigation Planning Grant Subapplicants Job Aid
The Considerations for Local Mitigation Planning Grant Subapplicants Job Aid is available to help subapplicants (local communities and tribes applying for assistance through the state) as they pursue planning grant funding through the Hazard Mitigation Assistance Programs. Using a question-and-answer format, the Job Aid is intended to help subapplicants think through the tasks and costs with the goal of encouraging strong, comprehensive planning grant subapplications.
Mitigation Planning Program Resource List
The Mitigation Planning Program Resource List is a resource for State, local, and tribal governments that engage in mitigation planning to help identify risks associated with natural disasters and to develop long-term strategies for protecting people and property from future hazard events. Mitigation plans are key to breaking the cycle of disaster damage, reconstruction, and repeated damage. This list provides communities resources to help guide the development and implementation of their hazard mitigation plans.
State Mitigation Planning Key Topics Bulletins
The State Mitigation Planning Key Topics Bulletins (Bulletins) are a series of brief documents that provide examples of approaches and resources that state officials can use to update State Hazard Mitigation Plans. The Bulletins are aimed at informing state officials on how to meet the regulatory and policy requirements in the updated State Mitigation Plan Review Guide, which became effective on March 6, 2016.
The following bulletins can be found on the State Mitigation Planning Key Topics Bulletins page.
State Mitigation Planning Key Topics Bulletins: Mitigation Strategy
State Mitigation Planning Key Topics Bulletins: Mitigation Capabilities
State Mitigation Planning Key Topics Bulletins: Planning Process
State Mitigation Planning Key Topics Bulletins: Risk Assessment
Local Mitigation Planning Handbook
The Local Mitigation Planning Handbook (Handbook) is a tool for local governments to use in developing or updating local hazard mitigation plans. The Handbook offers practical approaches, tools, and examples of how communities can engage in effective planning to reduce long-term risk from natural hazards and disasters. The Handbook complements and references the Local Mitigation Plan Review Guide (available in Spanish at Guía de Revisión del Plan Local de Mitigación), FEMA’s official policy on and interpretation of the local hazard mitigation planning requirements in the Code of Federal Regulations (44 CFR Part 201).
Tribal Mitigation Planning Handbook
The Tribal Mitigation Planning Handbook (Tribal Handbook) is a tool for Tribal governments to use as they develop and implement their hazard mitigation plans. The Handbook provides practical approaches, resources, worksheets, and advice for Tribal governments in the mitigation planning process. It is a companion to the Tribal Mitigation Review Guide (December 2018), which is FEMA’s official interpretation of the Tribal mitigation planning regulations at 44 CFR 201.7.
Mitigation Planning Fact Sheets
The following fact sheets summarize key aspects of FEMA’s hazard mitigation planning program for state, tribal, and local government officials and other interested stakeholders.
- State Mitigation Plan Review Guide Fact Sheet (2016)
- Local Mitigation Planning Fact Sheet (2016)
- Tribal Mitigation Planning Fact Sheet (2016)
- Hazard Mitigation Planning: Practices for Land Use Planning and Development near Pipelines (2015) provides emergency managers, planners, and others involved with developing hazard mitigation plans with the knowledge and understanding of how pipelines operate, the common products that may be transported through transmission and distribution pipeline systems, and the potential impacts (risks) of pipeline incidents, including those caused by natural hazards and mitigation strategies they can implement to reduce these risks.
- Mitigation Ideas: A Resource for Reducing Risk to Natural Hazards (2013) provides information that communities can use to identify and evaluate a range of potential mitigation actions for reducing risk from natural hazards and disasters.
- Using the Hazard Mitigation Plan to Prepare Successful Mitigation Projects shows how a community can move from the hazard mitigation plan to developing mitigation projects that may be implemented fully using FEMA Hazard Mitigation Assistance, as appropriate.
- Search for and learn about hazard mitigation best practices nationwide through FEMA’s Mitigation Best Practices Portfolio.
- The Building Science Branch develops and produces multi-hazard mitigation guidance that focuses on creating disaster-resilient communities to reduce loss of life and property. Their library of publications provides implementation guidance and ideas for mitigation activities, from building codes to structural solutions.
- The Planning-Related Activities Using Hazard Mitigation Grant Program 7 Percent Funding (May 2018) fact sheet provides information on the use of planning-related activities funding available from Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP). It is intended for state, tribal, and/or local governments to use to improve mitigation plans and leverage related activities to advance mitigation efforts and outcomes.
Integrating Mitigation with Related Planning Objectives
Mitigation is especially powerful when it is coordinated with other community planning processes, regulations, and policies. The publications listed below help communities bring the principles of hazard mitigation into planning efforts.
- The Planning for Drought Resilience Fact Sheet describes how mitigation planning is integrated with drought resilience, and how FEMA's work in mitigation planning supports the 2016 Memorandum and Federal Action Plan on Building Capabilities for Long-Term Drought Resilience.
- Plan Integration: Linking Local Planning Efforts (2015) is a step-by-step guide developed to help communities not only analyze their local plans for existing integration, but also further improve those efforts, including interagency coordination.
- Integrating Hazard Mitigation Into Local Planning: Case Studies and Tools for Community Officials (2013) provides practical guidance on how to incorporate risk reduction strategies into existing local plans, policies, codes, and programs that guide community development or redevelopment patterns. The following five fact sheets accompany this document.
- Mitigation Planning and the Community Rating System provides an overview of how to coordinate planning efforts between the Community Rating System (CRS) and hazard mitigation plans.
- Planning Related Activities Using Hazard Mitigation Planning Grant Program 7-Percent Funding reviews variety of planning-related activities through the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP). In addition to hazard mitigation planning grants, this funding is available for planning-related activities and provides flexibility to State, tribal and local governments to reduce risk and integrate hazard mitigation principles into planning for resilience.
The following reports were prepared by the American Planning Association (APA) and are supported through contracts with FEMA. Hard copies may be ordered through the APA Planners Book Service online or by phone at (312) 786-6344 (costs may apply).
- Hazard Mitigation: Integrating Best Practices into Planning (PAS 560) (2010) seeks to close the gap that exists between hazard mitigation planning and other local planning and regulatory land-use processes.
- Planning for Post-disaster Recovery: Next Generation (PAS 576) (2014) is designed to help communities improve their resiliency and provides how-to guidance for communities to start their mitigation planning and disaster-recovery planning processes. The report, which was completed by APA through a cooperating agreement with FEMA, provides valuable guidance to help communities strengthen their ability to prepare for and implement resilient disaster recovery. It is an update of the 2005 Report, Planning for Post-disaster Recovery and Reconstruction (FEMA 421, PAS 483/484).
- Subdivision Design and Flood Hazard Areas (PAS 584) was prepared by APA in partnership with the Association of State Floodplain Managers (ASFPM), and it was supported through a cooperative agreement with FEMA. This report demonstrates the intersection of sustainability, resilience, and climate change in light of changing flood hazards and how these concepts play out in subdivision design. The purpose of this report is to end the cycle of build-damage-rebuild, and provide communities with sound guidance to bring subdivision design into line with the best of floodplain planning. The report includes many best practices as well as six planning and design principles; standards for review, inspection, and maintenance; and nine recommendations to keep subdivisions safe from flooding.