This page has resources for state, tribal, and local officials and other parties to develop and implement hazard mitigation plans.
For more resources specific to tribal governments, visit the Tribal Mitigation Planning Resources page.
Considerations for Local Mitigation Planning Grant Subapplicants Job Aid
The Considerations for Local Mitigation Planning Grant Subapplicants Job Aid helps local communities when they apply for planning grant funding under the Hazard Mitigation Assistance Program. This resource will help subapplicants think through the tasks and costs needed to submit strong, comprehensive planning grant subapplications.
Mitigation Planning Program Resource List
The Mitigation Planning Program Resource List has resources for state, local, and Tribal governments to develop and implement hazard mitigation plans. It provides information on the planning policies, how-to guides, and training and grant resources.
State Mitigation Planning Key Topics Bulletins
The State Mitigation Planning Key Topics Bulletins provide state governments with resources for updating State Hazard Mitigation plans.
The following bulletins are on the State Mitigation Planning Key Topics Bulletins page:
- State Mitigation Planning Key Topics Bulletins: Mitigation Strategy
- State Mitigation Planning Key Topics Bulletins: Mitigation Capabilities
- State Mitigation Planning Key Topics Bulletins: Planning Process
- State Mitigation Planning Key Topics Bulletins: Risk Assessment
Local Mitigation Planning Handbook
The Local Mitigation Planning Handbook (Handbook) is a tool for local governments to develop or update local hazard mitigation plans. It has a proposed process for developing a plan, as well as worksheets and other resources. The Handbook is tied with the Local Mitigation Plan Review Guide (available in Spanish at Guía de Revisión del Plan Local de Mitigación), FEMA’s official policy on hazard mitigation planning requirements in the Code of Federal Regulations (44 CFR Part 201).
Tribal Mitigation Planning Handbook
The Tribal Mitigation Planning Handbook is a tool for tribal governments to develop and update hazard mitigation plans. It has proposed actions for developing a plan, as well as worksheets and other resources. It is a companion to the Tribal Mitigation Review Guide (December 2018), which is FEMA’s official policy on the tribal mitigation planning regulations.
Tribal Mitigation Planning Grant Application Development HMA Job Aid
The Tribal Mitigation Planning Grant Application Development HMA Job Aid is a resource for tribal governments to help complete a planning grant/subgrant application. This resource helps Tribal Nations consider the aspects of a planning grant/subgrant application that will result in a complete and actionable mitigation plan.
Mitigation Planning Fact Sheets
The following fact sheets outline features of FEMA’s hazard mitigation planning program for state, tribal, and local government officials and other interested parties:
- State Mitigation Plan Review Guide Fact Sheet (2016)
- Local Mitigation Planning Fact Sheet (2016)
- Tribal Mitigation Planning Fact Sheet (2016)
- Hazard Mitigation Planning: Practices for Land Use Planning and Development near Pipelines (2015) shows how to incorporate pipelines into hazard mitigation plans.
- Mitigation Ideas: A Resource for Reducing Risk to Natural Hazards (2013) reviews a range of potential mitigation actions to reduce risk from natural hazards and disasters.
- Using the Hazard Mitigation Plan to Prepare Successful Mitigation Projects shows how to move from hazard mitigation plans to mitigation projects. The mitigation projects may then be funded using FEMA Hazard Mitigation Assistance, as appropriate.
- FEMA’s Mitigation Best Practices Portfolio is a resource for searching and learning about hazard mitigation best practices.
- The Building Science Branch offers guidance on how to create disaster-resilient communities. Their library of publications provides approaches and ideas for mitigation activities, from building codes to structural solutions.
Integrating Mitigation with Related Planning Objectives
Mitigation is most effective when it is part of other community planning processes, regulations, and policies. The publications below will help communities integrate principles of hazard mitigation with planning efforts.
- The Planning for Drought Resilience Fact Sheet describes how drought resilience can be part of hazard mitigation planning. It also shows how FEMA's work in mitigation planning supports the 2016 Memorandum and Federal Action Plan on Building Capabilities for Long-Term Drought Resilience.
- Plan Integration: Linking Local Planning Efforts (2015) is a step-by-step guide to help communities review local plans for possible integration and improve alignment efforts, including interagency coordination.
- Integrating Hazard Mitigation Into Local Planning: Case Studies and Tools for Community Officials (2013) has guidance on how to integrate risk reduction strategies into existing local plans, policies, codes, and programs for community development or redevelopment patterns. The following five fact sheets are included:
- Mitigation Planning and the Community Rating System provides an overview of how to bring together planning efforts between the Community Rating System (CRS) and hazard mitigation plans.
- Planning Related Activities Using Hazard Mitigation Planning Grant Program 7-Percent Funding fact sheet provides information on planning-related activities funding from the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP). State, Tribal, and/or local governments may use planning-related funding to reduce risk and include hazard mitigation with planning.
The American Planning Association (APA) prepared the following reports supported by contracts with FEMA. Hard copies may be ordered through the APA Planners Book Service online or by phone at (312) 786-6344 (costs may apply).
- Hazard Mitigation: Integrating Best Practices into Planning (PAS 560) (2010) offers best practices to integrate hazard mitigation into local planning processes.
- Planning for Post-disaster Recovery: Next Generation (PAS 576) (2014) is the updated guide for communities to help strengthen their ability to prepare for and implement resilient disaster recovery. It is an update of the 2005 Report, Planning for Post-disaster Recovery and Reconstruction (FEMA 421, PAS 483-484).
- Subdivision Design and Flood Hazard Areas (PAS 584), prepared by APA and the Association of State Floodplain Managers (ASFPM), provides communities with best practices to bring subdivision design together with floodplain planning. The report includes six planning and design principles, nine recommendations to keep subdivisions safe from flooding, plus standards for review, inspection, and maintenance.