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Hazard Mitigation Plan Requirement

This page summarizes FEMA’s hazard mitigation plan requirement, a condition for receiving certain types of non-emergency disaster assistance. The intended audience is state, tribal, territorial and local officials interested in hazard mitigation planning and applying for FEMA grants.

Hazard Mitigation Plan Requirement

FEMA requires state, tribal, territorial and local governments to develop and adopt hazard mitigation plans as a condition for receiving certain types of non-emergency disaster assistance, including funding for mitigation projects. Jurisdictions must update their hazard mitigation plans and re-submit them for FEMA approval every five years to maintain eligibility. Through the Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grant programs (Hazard Mitigation Grant Program, Pre-Disaster Mitigation, and Flood Mitigation Assistance), FEMA offers planning grants that support state, tribal, territorial and local governments in developing and updating mitigation plans. The table below summarizes how FEMA’s mitigation plan requirement applies to states and federally-recognized tribal governments applying directly to FEMA for assistance as applicants, and to local or tribal governments (federally-recognized or non-federally-recognized) applying for FEMA assistance through a state as subapplicants.

Mitigation Plan Requirement for State, Tribal, Territorial and Local Governments Applying for FEMA Grants

Enabling Legislation

FEMA Assistance Program

Is a Mitigation Plan Required?

State / Tribal Applicant

Tribal / Local Subapplicant

Stafford Act

Individual Assistance (IA)

No

No

Public Assistance (PA) Categories A and B (e.g., debris removal, emergency protective measures)

No

No

Public Assistance (PA) Categories C through G (e.g., repairs to damaged infrastructure, publicly owned buildings)

Yes

No

Fire Mitigation Assistance Grants (FMAG)

Yes

No

Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) planning grant

Yes+

No

Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) project grant

Yes+

Yes++

Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) planning grant

No

No

Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) project grant

Yes*

Yes**

National Flood Insurance Act

Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) planning grant

Yes*

No

Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) project grant

Yes*

Yes**

Water Infrastructure Improvements for the Nation (WIIN) Act

Rehabilitation of High Hazard Potential Dam (HHPD) Grant Program #

Yes

Yes

Notes

+ At the time of the Presidential major disaster declaration and at the time of obligation of HMGP grant funds.

++ At the time of obligation of HMGP grant funds for mitigation projects.

* By the application deadline and at the time of obligation of the PDM or FMA award.

** By the application deadline and at the time of obligation of PDM or FMA grant funds for mitigation projects.

# Mitigation plans must include all dam risk in accordance with the requirements set forth in the HHPD Grant Program Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO)Nonprofit organizations must be located in a jurisdiction with a FEMA-approved local mitigation plan that includes all dam risks in order to receive funds.

Additional Information

Please visit the Hazard Mitigation Assistance, Public Assistance Grant Program, Fire Management Assistance Grant Program, or National Dam Safety Program pages for more information on these programs’ specific mitigation plan requirements, as well as funding available for mitigation plan development and mitigation projects.

Last Updated: 
12/05/2019 - 09:58