Hazard Mitigation Assistance Guidance

Find resources to help interpret federal statutes, regulations and best practices about mitigation strategies.

FEMA's Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grant programs provide funding for eligible mitigation activities that reduce disaster losses and protect life and property from future disaster damages including the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP), Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM), Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) and Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC).

See also: Section 1215 | Management Costs

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Addendum to the Hazard Mitigation Assistance Guidance: Program Administration by States Pilot, Hazard Mitigation Grant Program

This document supplements the Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) Guidance by providing direction on the Program Administration by States provision in the Sandy Recovery Improvement Act, Section 1104(b).

Declaration and Release (Declaración Y Autorización), FEMA Form FF-104-FY-21-128 (previously identified as 009-0-3) (English language version) and FF-104-FY–21-128-A (Spanish language version)

The Hazard Mitigation property acquisition and open space grants use the Declaration and Release (Declaración Y Autorización), FEMA Form FF-104-FY-21-128 (previously identified as 009-0-3) (English language version) or FF-104-FY–21-128-A (Spanish language version) to verify information and determine grant eligibility. The forms are part of a grant process that FEMA and State, Territory and Tribal recipients of FEMA mitigation grant funds will use to certify property owner information; to ensure that all acquisitions using FEMA mitigation grants are voluntary; to ensure no property is acquired using state, territorial, local or tribal eminent domain authorities or other forcible acquisitional procedures; and to ensure that when the State, Territory or Tribe acquires the property the property remains in open space.

Hazard Mitigation Assistance Grants Termination Clarification

Information Bulletin (01-2022-HMA) amends the language in the Hazard Mitigation Assistance Guidance, dated February 27, 2015 (hereinafter HMA Guidance), which states that consent by “all parties” is required for grant termination.
This information bulletin explains that “all parties” refers to two parties when FEMA and the recipient agree to terminate the grant and does not include the subrecipient. With this bulletin, FEMA wants to better ensure that grant termination under HMA programs and implemented under the HMA Guidance are consistent with the requirements in 2 C.F.R. § 200.340(a)(3).

Mitigation Assistance: Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities FEMA Policy FP-104-008-05

The Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC) policy establishes the framework and requirements for the program while allowing flexibility to promote continuous program improvement through priorities and criteria set forth in the annual Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO). The BRIC program is designed to promote a national culture of preparedness and public safety through encouraging investments to protect the nation’s communities and infrastructure and through strengthening national mitigation capabilities to foster resilience.

Statement of Voluntary Participation for Acquisition of Property for Purpose of Open Space (FF-206-FY-124)

State, territorial and tribal recipients will collect the Statement of Voluntary Participation for each property owner prior to award and submit copies to FEMA as part of the grant agreement. The statements must be signed by property owners and local community officials. These statements will enforce the requirement that all acquisitions using FEMA mitigation grants are voluntary, and that no property is acquired using state, territorial, local or tribal eminent domain authorities or other forcible acquisition procedures.

Hospital Generator Pre-calculated Benefit-Cost Analysis

FEMA Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) funded mitigation projects must be cost-effective, which is typically demonstrated through a Benefit-Cost Analysis (BCA) or a pre-calculated benefit. This report details the methodology used to establish the pre-calculated benefit values for hospital generator projects. It is provided for informational purposes and does not contain any information needed to submit a grant application.

Partial Implementation of the Federal Flood Risk Management Standard for Hazard Mitigation Assistance Programs (Interim)

FEMA Policy FP-206-21-0003
This interim policy partially implements the FFRMS by requiring the use of higher flood elevations established by the FFRMS Freeboard Value Approach (FVA) for certain non-critical actions involving structures in the base floodplain (Special Flood Hazard Area).Under this interim policy, the FFRMS FVA will be utilized to determine the minimum flood protection elevation for certain project types. This interim policy applies to all HMA programs.

Innovative Drought and Flood Mitigation Projects

This publication evaluates four HMA project types that are considered by FEMA to be high performing. These project types--Aquifer Storage and Recovery, Floodwater Diversion and Storage, Floodplain and Stream Restoration, and Low Impact Development/Green Infrastructure--are evaluated based on the HMA program requirements: technical feasibility and effectiveness; cost effectiveness; and Environmental and Historic Preservation requirement consistency. In addition, potential for program activity overlap with other federal agencies, known as Duplication of Programs, is examined with appropriate consideration of opportunities for federal agencies to successfully coordinate to fund these project types from more than one federal program.

Ecosystem Service Benefits in Benefit-Cost Analysis for FEMA’s Mitigation Programs Policy

FEMA Policy FP-108-024-02: This policy allows for ecosystem service benefits to be included in a mitigation project’s Benefit Cost Analysis (BCA) regardless of the Benefit-Cost Ratio (BCR). Ecosystem service benefits are positive effects provided to people by nature, such as aesthetic value, air quality, recreation space, and water filtration.

By removing the previous BCR threshold, ecosystem service benefits can be used for all project types eligible under the Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) and Public Assistance (PA) 406 mitigation programs that support the incorporation of ecosystem service benefits and result in the improvement of the natural environment.

Fact Sheet: Using Ecosystem Service Benefits in the Benefit-Cost Analysis Policy

This fact sheet highlights the ecosystem service benefits in benefit-cost analysis for FEMA Policy 108-024-02 implemented by the agency’s mitigation programs

FY15 Hazard Mitigation Assistance Guidance

This guidance applies to HMGP disasters declared on or after February 27, 2015, unless indicated otherwise. This guidance is also applicable to the PDM and FMA program.

FY15 Hazard Mitigation Assistance Guidance Addendum

This addendum supplements the information provided in the HMA Guidance.

FY15 Hazard Mitigation Assistance Guidance Fact Sheet

This document provides general information on the FY15 Hazard Mitigation Assistance Guidance.

Private Demolition Eligibility Policy Clarification

This policy clarification explains when previously demolished structures may be eligible for Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grant-funded projects.

Houses of Worship Under HMA Guidance Crosswalk

This document identifies text replacements in the HMA Guidance established in the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 (Public Law No: 115-123) (BBA) regarding houses of worship eligibility as subapplicants under the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP). FEMA will make this change effective for all assistance provided in response to major disasters declared on or after August 23, 2017, or for any application for assistance under the PDM or FMA programs that were pending before FEMA as of February 9, 2018.

Houses of Worship Under HMA Policy Clarification

The purpose of this policy clarification is to implement policy changes in Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) programs based on requirements related to houses of worship established in the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 (Public Law No: 115-123) (BBA). The policy changes are as follows: (1) HMA will include a house of worship in the definition of a private nonprofit (PNP), distinct from other PNPs such as community centers; (2) a house of worship, with properly documented PNP status, will be eligible to receive HMGP funding as a subapplicant; (3) HMA will fund eligible mitigation activities for a house of worship, as it would for any eligible PNP facility, including retrofitting and elevation which primarily benefit the house of worship; and, (4) the definition of a private nonprofit organization (or facility) in the HMA Guidance (2015) at Part III.B (in box) and Part VIII.A.6 is changed from “essential governmental service(s)” to “essential social service(s)”.

Hazard Mitigation Assistance Guidance (2015) – Hazard Mitigation Grant Program Management Costs (Interim) Policy Crosswalk

This document identifies text replacements in the HMA Guidance after the adoption of Hazard Mitigation Grant Program Management Costs (Interim) FEMA Policy # 104-11-1.

Hazard Mitigation Assistance Acquisition Projects: Hydraulic Fracturing and Horizontal Directional Drilling (FEMA Policy 302-094-03)

This new policy issued in July 2017 provides program guidance about Hydraulic Fracturing and Horizontal Directional Drilling (hydraulic fracturing/HDD) as it relates to properties acquired by Hazard Mitigation Assistance grants for open space. FEMA reviewed activities occurring above-ground as well as below-ground to determine compatible use of the open space.

Hydraulic Fracturing and Horizontal Directional Drilling

This document identifies text replacements in the HMA Guidance after the adoption of Hazard Mitigation Assistance Acquisition Projects: Hydraulic Fracturing and Horizontal Directional Drilling (FEMA Policy 302-094-03 ). As of July 7, 2017, the policy is eligible for all HMA grants.

Statement of Voluntary Participation for Acquisition of Property for Purpose of Open Space (FF 81-112)

FEMA Form 81-112 stating the seller voluntarily sells the property for open-space purposes.

Last updated June 3, 2022