This page has information about the Individual Assistance and Public Assistance programs within the Recovery Division.
The Recovery Division is a team of 70 employees who support the delivery of programs that provide funding and other resources to help individuals and communities rebuild after Presidential Disaster Declarations.
After a Presidential Disaster Declaration, counties are designated to receive either individual assistance, public assistance, or both. Individual assistance focuses on the recovery of survivors and public assistance focuses on state, tribe and community public infrastructure.
Disaster Assistance to Survivors (Individual Assistance Branch)
We are subject matter experts in providing disaster survivors housing, personal property and other assistance to help with their recovery.
After a disaster declaration, FEMA administers the Individual Assistance (IA) programs to assist individuals and households with uninsured or underinsured real or personal property losses. The programs provide funds for temporary housing, necessary repairs or replacement of primary residences and personal property losses. FEMA may also provide grants directly to individuals for disaster-related medical, dental and funeral expenses and to states to support disaster unemployment assistance, disaster legal services, crisis counseling training and disaster case management services.
FEMA, in coordination with states, tribes, voluntary and faith-based organizations, and other partners, delivers mass care and emergency assistance such as sheltering, feeding, bulk distribution of commodities and family reunification services
Learn more about Individual Assistance from FEMA.
Register for disaster assistance online, or by calling (800) 621-3362 / TTY (800) 462-7585. Other language services are available.
Assistance Provided to State, Local and Tribal Governments (Public Assistance [PA] Branch)
We have subject matter expertise in cost estimating, damage descriptions, engineering, debris removal, contract procurement and program management.
The PA Program helps communities respond to and recover from disasters by providing grant assistance for debris removal; emergency protective measures; and the repair, replacement, or restoration of disaster-damaged, publicly owned facilities (e.g. facilities of states, tribes, local governments and certain types of private non-profit organizations) following a major disaster or emergency declaration. The PA program also encourages the protection of disaster-damaged facilities from future, similar events by incorporating damage-reduction (mitigation) measures. Typically, the federal share of assistance is not less than 75 percent of eligible costs. A state or tribe is the official administrator of all PA funds provided to local governments.
Learn more about the Public Assistance program.