How to File a Successful Appeal for FEMA Assistance

Release Date Release Number
NR 023
Release Date:
November 10, 2021

NASHVILE, Tenn.— The deadline has passed for residents in Dickson, Hickman, Houston, and Humphreys counties to apply for disaster assistance from FEMA for the Aug. 21 severe storms and flooding, but if survivors don’t agree with the final outcome, they may still appeal.

To make a successful appeal it is important to write a letter explaining why you disagree with FEMA’s decision and    to include documentation that supports your claim.

Anyone who would like to speak with a FEMA specialist directly about how to file an appeal can always call the FEMA Helpline at 800-621-3362 or (TTY) 800-462-7585. Lines are open daily from 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. Central Time, seven days a week. If you use a relay service, such as video relay service (VRS), captioned telephone service or others, give FEMA the number for that service.

Here are some tips to help you file a successful appeal:

1. Understand why FEMA deemed your claim ineligible before writing the appeal.

  • You may not agree with it but analyze why FEMA determined your application was ineligible. It could be as simple as a missing document, which you can submit with your appeal. Read FEMA’s letter from beginning to end to completely understand what the agency needs from you.

2. Make sure you provide evidence for your appeal. Documentation, depending on your situation, may include:

  • Copy of flood insurance declaration page.
  • For proof of occupancy, FEMA accepts an employer statement, lease, utility bill (electric, water/sewer, etc.), bank or credit card statement, phone bill, cable/satellite bill, driver’s license, state-issued identification card, motor vehicle registrations, letters from local schools (public or private), documents from federal or state benefit providers, social service organizations (such as community assistance programs and non-profits), or court documents. All bills and/or statements must be dated within 3 months of the disaster.
    • To prove ownership, include your mortgage or insurance documents, mortgage payment booklet, tax receipts or a deed. If your documents were lost or destroyed, contact financial, insurance and/or government agencies in your area to see if you can get a replacement. The following website also offers guidance on replacing lost documents:
    • Survivors living in mobile homes or travel trailers can include a signed statement from a commercial or mobile home park owner.
    • For homes that have been passed down over the generations without any traditional ownership verification, you may include a public official’s letter or receipts for major repairs or improvements to verify ownership.
    • As a last resort, and only after all other options have been exhausted, FEMA may accept a written document in which you declare yourself the owner of property. The letter does not need to be notarized, but it must match the information on your FEMA application.  

3. Can’t write the appeal yourself? Have someone write it for you.

  • If you are the applicant and are unable to write an appeal letter yourself, ask someone to write it for you. Consider asking a family member, friend or a lawyer.
  • Residents may also get assistance for appeals from free legal disaster assistance by calling 844-HELP4TN (844-435-7486) or online at Additionally, survivors can access information about their rights and resources, including links to upcoming legal clinics, and local resources at

4. Know your deadline.

  • You have 60 days from the date of your FEMA determination letter to appeal. Circle the deadline on your calendar or write yourself a note to keep the date in the forefront. Once FEMA reviews your letter, you may receive a phone call or a follow-up letter asking for more documentation.

5. Don’t forget to sign your appeal letter. And when you’re ready, there are three ways to submit your appeal:

  • Fax it to 800-827-8112
  • Send it by mail to FEMA National Processing Service Center, P.O. Box 10055, Hyattsville, MD 20782-8055
  • Upload documents to your account.

6. Include your application number on every page of the documents you submit.

7. Expect a decision letter to your appeal within 90 days.

For more information on Tennessee’s disaster recovery, visit and You may also follow FEMA on and Twitter @FEMARegion4.

Last updated November 10, 2021