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Mitigation Assessment Team Program

For more than 30 years, the Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) Program has been drawing on the combined resources of a federal, state, local, and private sector partnership. The MAT Program allows FEMA to assemble and quickly deploy teams of investigators. These investigators evaluate the performance of buildings and related infrastructure in response to the effects of natural and man-made hazards. The teams conduct field investigations at disaster sites; work closely with local and state officials to develop recommendations for improvements in building design and construction; and develop recommendations concerning code development and enforcement, and mitigation activities that will lead to greater resistance to hazard events.

Timeline from 1993 to 2019 noting the year publications were released.

FEMA publishes the observations and recommendations of a Mitigation Assessment Team in reports. The award-winning MAT Program, operated by a consulting engineering firm under contract to FEMA, has been covered by the national media and featured in numerous technical and professional journals.


The resources below have been developed by the Building Science Branch of FEMA's Federal Insurance and Mitigation Administration. They cover natural and man-made hazards.

FEMA Mitigation Assessment Team Program Fact Sheet

FEMA P-2054, Mitigation Assessment Team Compendium Report

The 2017 Atlantic hurricane season was extremely active, producing 17 named storms. Six of these storms became major hurricanes (Category 3, 4, or 5), and three ranked in the National Hurricane Center’s (NHC’s) top five hurricanes with the greatest cumulative damage.

FEMA P-2023, Mitigation Assessment Team Report: Hurricane Irma in Florida

Building Performance Observations, Recommendations, and Technical Guidance

FEMA P-2022, Mitigation Assessment Team Report: Hurricane Harvey in Texas

FEMA P-2021 - Hurricanes Irma and Maria in the U.S. Virgin Islands

FEMA P-2020, Mitigation Assessment Team Report: Hurricanes Irma and Maria in Puerto Rico

FEMA P-942, Hurricane Sandy in New Jersey and New York MAT Report, Recovery Advisories & Fact Sheets

This ZIP file contains the Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) report and appendices, the recovery advisories, and two fact sheets regarding Hurricane Sandy in New Jersey and New York.

FEMA P-908, Mitigation Assessment Team Report – Spring 2011 Tornadoes: April 25-28 and May 22

his report presents the MATs observations, conclusions, and recommendations in response to those field investigations. The mission of the MATs was to assess the performance of structures affected by the tornadoes, investigate safe room and shelter performance in the affected areas, and describe the lessons learned to help future efforts to more successfully mitigate tornado events. The objective of the report is to provide information to communities, businesses, and individuals so that they can rebuild safer, more robust structures and minimize loss of life, injuries, and property damage in future tornadoes and high-wind events. The MAT report will present the observations, conclusions, and recommendations for residential structures, as well as commercial and other non-residential and critical facilities (e.g., schools, hospitals and health care facilities, first responder facilities, and emergency operations centers and emergency management agencies).

RA 5 - Flood Protection for Backup and Emergency Power Fuel Systems

RA 4 - Flood Protection and Elevation of Building Utilities

RA 2 - Elevating Residential Structures within Special Flood Hazard Areas

RA 1 - Elevating Floodprone Buildings Above Minimum NFIP Requirements

RA 3 - Flood Protection for Critical and Essential Facilities

RA 1- Successfully Retrofitting Buildings for Wind Resistance

RA 2- Best Practices for Minimizing Wind and Water Infiltration Damage

FEMA P-2077, Hurricane Michael in Florida

Hurricane Michael made landfall near Mexico Beach and Tyndall Air Force Base, FL, on October 10, 2018, at 12:30 CDT as a Category 5 hurricane, with maximum sustained winds of 161 miles per hour (mph) and a minimum pressure of 919 millibars (mb). It was the fourth strongest hurricane to make landfall on the continental United States based on wind speed, and the 13th named storm of the 2018 Atlantic Hurricane Season.

FEMA Building Science Resources to Assist with Reconstruction After a Hurricane | Spanish

Después de desastres de gran magnitud, los Equipos de Evaluación de Mitigación (MAT, por sus siglas en inglés) de FEMA a menudo realizan investigaciones forenses del desempeño de edificios y publican los resultados en distintas publicaciones

FEMA Building Science Resources to Assist with Reconstruction After a Hurricane

RA8. Reconstructing Non-Residential Buildings After a Tornado

The purpose of this advisory is to identify which standard of construction should be considered for repairing buildings damaged in high-wind events.

RA 6. Critical Facilities Located in Tornado-Prone Regions: Recommendations for Architects and Engineers

Critical facilities are emergency operations centers (EOCs), fire and police stations, hospitals, nursing homes, schools, and other buildings that are essential for the delivery of vital services or protection of a community.

Last updated May 11, 2021