In 2019, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) conducted a grant effectiveness case study of the Las Vegas urban area to understand how the state and local jurisdictions use preparedness grants to increase their emergency preparedness and counterterrorism capabilities. Specifically, FEMA examined how the Las Vegas urban area used grant funds to close capability gaps and examined the impact that those investments had on the area’s response to the October 1, 2017, incident (1 October) at the Route 91 Harvest festival.
Overall, the case study found that FEMA preparedness grants played a significant role in the Las Vegas urban area’s ability to prepare for, mitigate, and respond to the 1 October incident. The investments highlighted in this report represent a snapshot of years of planning in the urban area, including capability building and sustaining projects that prepared the region for an effective response to the incident and,ultimately, saved lives.
To inform this case study, FEMA drew from information that the Las Vegas urban area provided through various grant program requirements and from the 1 October After-Action Report (AAR) supported by the FEMA National Exercise Division (NED; dated August 24, 2018). FEMA conducted a site visit to the Las Vegas urban area in July 2019 to discuss the prioritization and use of the preparedness grant funds within the urban area. Staff from the FEMA National Preparedness Assessment Division (NPAD) collected information with the participation of the following state and local agencies in Nevada:
- Nevada Department of Public Safety, Division of Emergency Management – Homeland Security (by telephone)
- City of Las Vegas, Las Vegas Fire and Rescue (LVFR)
- City of Las Vegas, Office of Emergency Management•Clark County Office of the Coroner/ Medical Examiner (CCOCME)
- Clark County Fire Department (CCFD), Office of Emergency Management
- City of Henderson Fire Department, Emergency Management and Safety
- Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department (LVMPD)
- City of North Las Vegas, Office of Emergency Management and Homeland Security
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