The purpose of this page is to provide information on strategic and operational planning. The National Incident Management System is intended to be used by the whole community. The intended audience for this page is individuals, families, communities, the private and nonprofit sectors, faith-based organizations, and federal, state, local, tribal and territorial governments.
If you have any questions, please contact the National Integration Center at NPD-Planning@fema.dhs.gov.
Planning makes it possible to manage the entire life cycle of a potential crisis. Strategic and operational planning establishes priorities, identifies expected levels of performance and capability requirements, provides the standard for assessing capabilities and helps stakeholders learn their roles. The planning elements identify what an organization’s Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) or Emergency Operations Plans (EOPs) should include for ensuring that contingencies are in place for delivering the capability during a large-scale disaster.
Hazardous Materials Incidents
Hazardous materials are in every community, and if released, are capable of creating harm to people, the environment, critical infrastructure, and property. Hazardous Materials Incidents: Guidance for State, Local, Tribal, Territorial, and Private Sector Partners provides state, local, tribal and territorial officials an overview of hazardous materials, hazardous materials incident preparedness and response, and practices to make communities more resilient to hazardous materials incidents.
Healthcare Facilities and Power Outages
Individuals in hospitals, nursing homes and other long-term care facilities may be severely impacted by disruptions in power. Patients and residents may be receiving acute medical care reliant on electricity, using power-dependent medical devices, have a cardiac device in their body that must be recharged, or have an inability to regulate their own body temperature. Therefore, it is critical that healthcare facilities are resilient to power outages and that assistance to these facilities is prioritized if a power outage does occur. Healthcare Facilities and Power Outages: Guidance for State, Local, Tribal, Territorial, and Private Sector Partners provides state, local, tribal, and territorial governments, utility owners/operators, and healthcare facilities with information and resources to improve resilience to power outages, integrate plans, and prioritize assistance during a power outage.
Planning Considerations: Evacuation and Shelter-in-Place
Evacuation and shelter-in-place protective actions are prompted by a variety of threats and hazards. Incident-specific circumstances drive the relevant protective actions based on a community’s demographics, infrastructure, resources, authorities, and decision-making process. Determining that an evacuation needs to take place is not an all-or-nothing approach. Lessons learned from disasters, such as hurricanes Katrina, Harvey, Irma and Maria, have highlighted the value of enacting a zone-phased approach to evacuation and shelter-in-place, enabling jurisdictions to move as few people as necessary. Planning Considerations: Evacuation and Shelter-In-Place: Guidance for State, Local, Tribal, and Territorial Partners outlines principles, concepts, and critical considerations related to these protective actions.
Supply Chain Resilience Guide
In times of disaster, supply chains can experience significant disruption, generating acute life-safety challenges and quickly turning a disaster into a catastrophe. Enhancing supply chain resilience is one of the critical actions that jurisdictions can take to strengthen community lifelines and help a community quickly return back to normal after a disaster. The Supply Chain Resilience Guide provides emergency managers with recommendations and best practices on how to analyze local supply chains and work with the private sector to enhance supply chain resilience using a five-phased approach. The guide also identifies how emergency managers can use information from the supply chain resilience process to support restoration of supply chains and inform development or refinement of logistics plans or annexes. Visit www.fema.gov/preptalks for presentations on supply chains and private sector resilience.
National Planning Frameworks
The National Planning Frameworks, which are part of the National Preparedness System, set the strategy and doctrine for building, sustaining, and delivering the core capabilities identified in the National Preparedness Goal. They describe the coordinating structures and alignment of key roles and responsibilities for the whole community and are integrated to ensure interoperability across all mission areas. The frameworks address the roles of individuals; nonprofit entities and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs); the private sector; communities; critical infrastructure; governments; and the nation as a whole. For more information on the National Preparedness Goal, the National Preparedness System, and National Planning Frameworks, please visit the National Preparedness Resource Library.
Implementation of Community Lifelines
The 4th Edition of the National Response Framework formalizes the lifelines construct in national-level response policy. To support the NRF rollout, FEMA has updated its Community Lifelines Implementation Toolkit, which provides whole community partners the information and resources to implement the lifeline construct during incident response and planning. While lifeline stabilization is the priority during the response mission area, the emergency management community should strive to increase the resilience of lifelines across all five mission areas.
Comprehensive Preparedness Guides
Comprehensive Preparedness Guide 101
FEMA’s Comprehensive Preparedness Guide (CPG) 101 provides guidance on the fundamentals of planning and development of Emergency Operations Plans (EOPs). Following the initial release of CPG 101 in March 2009, FEMA solicited additional input from private sector, local, state, tribal, territorial, insular area, and federal stakeholders, which led to the development of a more user-friendly document that reflects recent initiatives and the current planning environment. CPG 101 encourages emergency and homeland security managers to engage the whole community in addressing all of the risks that might impact their jurisdictions. CPG 101 is the cornerstone for providing planning considerations for a variety of hazards, security issues and emergency functions. Supplements to 101 will be issued as needed to expand on aspects of the guidance.
- Plan Analysis Tool: The Plan Analysis Tool supplements CPG 101 by providing a one-page matrix to track the development timeline for a new plan or the revision of an existing plan. The tool also captures the planning elements contained in CPG 101 to support the analysis by a jurisdiction of its existing plans.
Comprehensive Preparedness Guide 201
FEMA’s Comprehensive Preparedness Guide (CPG) 201, Third Edition provides guidance for conducting a Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA) and Stakeholder Preparedness Review (SPR), formerly State Preparedness Report. CPG 201, Third Edition expands to include both the THIRA and SPR because they are interconnected processes that, together, communities use to evaluate their preparedness. This Edition also introduces updates to both methodologies. The updated THIRA adopts standardized language to describe impacts and targets and allows communities to collect more specific, quantitative information while also providing important context.
Where appropriate, this Edition highlights key changes from previous editions of CPG 201. This Third Edition supersedes the Second Edition of CPG 201.
Comprehensive Preparedness Guide 502
FEMA’s Comprehensive Preparedness Guide (CPG) 502, Considerations for Fusion Center and Emergency Operations Center Coordination focuses on the critical partnership and the exchange of information between fusion centers and Emergency Operations Centers (EOCs). The guide does not provide a “one-size fits all” approach to fusion center and EOC coordination. Rather, it outlines the information sharing roles of fusion centers and EOCs while identifying the planning and coordination considerations each entity must take into account. This guide outlines considerations for the following as they pertain to fusion centers and EOCs: Familiarization with Capabilities, Needs and Requirements, Establishing Partnerships, Determining Processes and Training, Workshops and Exercises.
Engaging Faith-based and Community Organizations: Planning Considerations for Emergency Managers
Faith-based and community organizations offer a wide variety of human and material resources that can prove invaluable during and after an incident. Engaging Faith-based and Community Organizations: Planning Considerations for Emergency Managers guide provides a methodology for emergency managers to engage with faith-based and community organizations in enhancing the resiliency of our nation. By building partnerships with these groups, emergency managers can provide training and technical assistance to strengthen their skills, connect them with existing partners, and then integrate them into emergency management plans and exercises before an event occurs thus increasing response and recovery capability.
Planning Considerations: Complex Coordinated Terrorist Attacks
Complex coordinated terrorist attacks represent an evolving and dynamic terrorist threat with the potential for mass casualties and instrastructure damage anywhere and at any time. Planning Considerations: Complex Coordinated Terrorist Attacks is a resource to aid all community partners, to include all levels of government, infrastructure owners and operators, small businesses, non-profit organizations, and volunteer organizations, in planning and preparing for Complex Coordinated Terrorist Attack (CCTA) scenarios. The guide includes the unique characteristics of CCTAs, identifies potential challenges, and discusses the six-step planning process as it relates to CCTAs. The guide also provides information on identifying the capabilities necessary to respond to CCTAs using the Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment, and it includes a list of relevant, available resources.
Developing High Quality Emergency Operation Plans for Houses of Worship
The Guide for Developing High Quality Emergency Operations Plans for Houses of Worship provides recommendations in the development of plans to respond to an emergency and outlines how organizations can plan for preventing, protecting against, mitigating the impact of and recovering from these emergencies. The guide translates lessons learned from the administration’s work on national preparedness to the school and house of worship contexts, ensuring that these critical assets are benefitting from recent advancements in the emergency planning field.
The guide introduces houses of worship to a new approach to planning that includes walking through different emergency scenarios to create a course of action for each objective the team is trying to accomplish. The guide emphasizes that successful planning requires all stakeholders be engaged in the planning process from the start – including community partners such as local law enforcement, fire officials, emergency medical services and emergency management staff.
Developing High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plan
The Guide for Developing High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plan provides recommendations in the development of plans not only to respond to an emergency but, also, outlines how schools (K-12) can plan for preventing, protecting against, mitigating the impact of and recovering from these emergencies. The guide translates lessons learned from the administration’s work on national preparedness to benefit from recent advancements in the emergency planning field. The guide introduces new approaches to planning that includes walking through different emergency scenarios to create a course of action for each objective the team is trying to accomplish.
Guide for Developing High-Quality Emergency Operations Plans for Institutions of Higher Education
The Guide for Developing High-Quality Emergency Operations Plans for Institutions of Higher Education provides recommendations in the development of plans not only to respond to an emergency but, also, outlines how institutions of higher education can plan for preventing, protecting against, mitigating the impact of, and recovering from these emergencies. The guide translates lessons learned from the administration’s work on national preparedness to institutions of higher education to benefit from recent advancements in the emergency planning field. The guide introduces new approaches to planning that include walking through different emergency scenarios to create a course of action for each objective the team is trying to accomplish.
Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Guide for Tribal Governments
The Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Guide for Tribal Governments is designed to prepare tribal governments for recovery efforts from future disasters by engaging with the whole community and planning for recovery activities that are comprehensive and long term. The guide also provides tools for public engagement and for identifying existing recovery resources and outside partnerships that could help tribal governments build resilience.
Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Guide for State Governments
The Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Guide for State Governments supports state agencies with guidance needed to develop broad scope recovery plans that address National Disaster Recovery Framework principles. A robust recovery plan can enable states to more easily adapt to new post-disaster roles needed to manage new or modified sources of state and federal recovery resources. Pre-disaster recovery plans are important because they establish resilience through state-level leadership and structure, form key communication channels, and build whole-community partnerships to support recovery efforts. Using this guide to develop state capability will not only allow your state or territory to be more effective in recovery, but it will help you better communicate and interface with your federal and local recovery partners.
Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Guide for Local Governments
The Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Guide for Local Governments is designed to help local governments prepare for recovery from future disasters. The Guide offers tools for public engagement, whole-community recovery, identification of existing recovery resources, and identifying outside partnerships that can help local governments build resilience.