Main Content

Strategic and Operational Planning

The purpose of this page is to provide information on strategic and operational planning. The National Incident Management System is intended to be used by the whole community. The intended audience for this page is individuals, families, communities, the private and nonprofit sectors, faith-based organizations, and federal, state, local, tribal and territorial governments.

If you have any questions, please contact the National Integration Center at NPD-Planning@fema.dhs.gov.

Planning makes it possible to manage the entire life cycle of a potential crisis. Strategic and operational planning establishes priorities, identifies expected levels of performance and capability requirements, provides the standard for assessing capabilities and helps stakeholders learn their roles. The planning elements identify what an organization’s Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) or Emergency Operations Plans (EOPs) should include for ensuring that contingencies are in place for delivering the capability during a large-scale disaster.

National Engagement – Planning Considerations: Disaster Housing

FEMA Seeks Feedback on Planning Considerations: Disaster Housing (Draft)

FEMA’s National Integration Center is seeking feedback on the draft document “Planning Considerations: Disaster Housing”. Feedback and recommendations received will help ensure the final version of the guide is an effective resource for emergency managers nationwide. After disasters, communities often face situations that require creative short-term and long-term housing solutions for populations with different geographic and infrastructure challenges. The ability to effectively move survivors into post-disaster housing is a critical step on the road to long-term recovery. However, many jurisdictions do not have disaster housing plans. This is due in part to a misperception that housing is solely the Federal government’s responsibility. Although some disaster housing programs are Federally-supported, they are state managed and locally executed. Planning for disaster housing must occur at all levels of government.

The “Planning Considerations: Disaster Housing” document supplements “Comprehensive Preparedness Guide (CPG) 101: Developing and Maintaining Emergency Operations Plans” by providing guidance on national housing priorities, types of housing, key considerations, and housing-specific planning recommendations that state, local, tribal and territorial jurisdictions can apply when developing or improving housing plans. This planning document is a tool for use in conjunction with the Six-Step Planning Process described in Comprehensive Preparedness Guide 101.

Housing recovery is the cornerstone to a community’s resilience. By helping survivors achieve sustainable housing after a disaster, leaders move their communities toward stability and improving resiliency for future incidents. Achieving widespread sustainable housing after a disaster improves a community’s ability to recover. To improve disaster housing capabilities across the nation, state, local, tribal and territorial jurisdictions are encouraged to collaboratively work together, along with the Federal government, private sector partners, and nongovernmental organizations) to develop disaster housing plans.

When reviewing the document, consider:

  • Identifying areas that may be confusing and need revision;
  • Providing success stories or best practices associated with the disaster housing efforts, including those involving public-private sector collaboration; and
  • Identifying additional job aides, training opportunities, or resources for inclusion in the document.

To provide input, download the draft and feedback matrix, then submit the completed feedback form to NPD-Planning@fema.dhs.gov. Comments on the draft will be accepted by close of business on October 30, 2019.

National Engagement – Disaster Financial Management Guide

FEMA Seeks Feedback on Disaster Financial Management Guide (Draft)

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) seeks feedback on the draft “Disaster Financial Management Guide.” Feedback and recommendations received will help ensure that the final version of this document will serve as an effective resource for all jurisdictions across the nation.

Effective disaster financial management is critical for successful response and recovery. It helps jurisdictions obtain the resources needed to support their community, increases the efficiency of recovery efforts, and reduces the likelihood of audit failures and financial penalties for the jurisdiction. Although there are many government and private/non-profit sector recovery resources and programs designed to aid jurisdictions, navigating the various eligibility requirements and application processes–many of which change frequently–pose administrative challenges for jurisdictions.

The “Disaster Financial Management Guide” is intended to support jurisdictions in establishing and implementing sound disaster financial management practices. It identifies the capabilities and activities necessary to prepare and successfully implement disaster financial management while maintaining fiscal responsibility throughout the response and recovery operations. The document also presents an overview of common disaster recovery funding programs and resources that may be beneficial to jurisdictions’ recovery efforts.

This national engagement period provides the opportunity to comment on the “Disaster Financial Management Guide” draft. To provide input, download the draft and feedback matrix, then submit the completed feedback form to NPD-Planning@fema.dhs.gov. Comments on the draft will be accepted by close of business on October 30, 2019.

Hazardous Materials Incidents

Hazardous materials are in every community, and if released, are capable of creating harm to people, the environment, critical infrastructure, and property. Hazardous Materials Incidents: Guidance for State, Local, Tribal, Territorial, and Private Sector Partners provides state, local, tribal and territorial officials an overview of hazardous materials, hazardous materials incident preparedness and response, and practices to make communities more resilient to hazardous materials incidents.

Healthcare Facilities and Power Outages

Individuals in hospitals, nursing homes and other long-term care facilities may be severely impacted by disruptions in power. Patients and residents may be receiving acute medical care reliant on electricity, using power-dependent medical devices, have a cardiac device in their body that must be recharged, or have an inability to regulate their own body temperature. Therefore, it is critical that healthcare facilities are resilient to power outages and that assistance to these facilities is prioritized if a power outage does occur. Healthcare Facilities and Power Outages: Guidance for State, Local, Tribal, Territorial, and Private Sector Partners provides state, local, tribal, and territorial governments, utility owners/operators, and healthcare facilities with information and resources to improve resilience to power outages, integrate plans, and prioritize assistance during a power outage.

Planning Considerations: Evacuation and Shelter-in-Place

Evacuation and shelter-in-place protective actions are prompted by a variety of threats and hazards. Incident-specific circumstances drive the relevant protective actions based on a community’s demographics, infrastructure, resources, authorities, and decision-making process. Determining that an evacuation needs to take place is not an all-or-nothing approach. Lessons learned from disasters, such as hurricanes Katrina, Harvey, Irma and Maria, have highlighted the value of enacting a zone-phased approach to evacuation and shelter-in-place, enabling jurisdictions to move as few people as necessary. Planning Considerations: Evacuation and Shelter-In-Place: Guidance for State, Local, Tribal, and Territorial Partners outlines principles, concepts, and critical considerations related to these protective actions.

Supply Chain Resilience Guide

In times of disaster, supply chains can experience significant disruption, generating acute life-safety challenges and quickly turning a disaster into a catastrophe. Enhancing supply chain resilience is one of the critical actions that jurisdictions can take to strengthen community lifelines and help a community quickly return back to normal after a disaster. The Supply Chain Resilience Guide provides emergency managers with recommendations and best practices on how to analyze local supply chains and work with the private sector to enhance supply chain resilience using a five-phased approach. The guide also identifies how emergency managers can use information from the supply chain resilience process to support restoration of supply chains and inform development or refinement of logistics plans or annexes. Visit www.fema.gov/preptalks for presentations on supply chains and private sector resilience.

National Planning Frameworks

The National Planning Frameworks, which are part of the National Preparedness System, set the strategy and doctrine for building, sustaining, and delivering the core capabilities identified in the National Preparedness Goal. They describe the coordinating structures and alignment of key roles and responsibilities for the whole community and are integrated to ensure interoperability across all mission areas. The frameworks address the roles of individuals; nonprofit entities and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs); the private sector; communities; critical infrastructure; governments; and the nation as a whole. For more information on the National Preparedness Goal, the National Preparedness System, and National Planning Frameworks, please visit the National Preparedness Resource Library.

Implementation of Community Lifelines

The lifelines concept simplifies incident information to provide decision-makers with clearly identified impacts to critical community services and root causes that inform response and recovery actions. The Community Lifelines Implementation Toolkit provides whole community partners the information and resources to understand lifelines and to coordinate with entities using lifelines. The toolkit serves as basic guidance for how to implement the lifeline construct during incident response.

Comprehensive Preparedness Guides

Comprehensive Preparedness Guide 101

FEMA’s Comprehensive Preparedness Guide (CPG) 101 provides guidance on the fundamentals of planning and development of Emergency Operations Plans (EOPs). Following the initial release of CPG 101 in March 2009, FEMA solicited additional input from private sector, local, state, tribal, territorial, insular area, and federal stakeholders, which led to the development of a more user-friendly document that reflects recent initiatives and the current planning environment. CPG 101 encourages emergency and homeland security managers to engage the whole community in addressing all of the risks that might impact their jurisdictions. CPG 101 is the cornerstone for providing planning considerations for a variety of hazards, security issues and emergency functions. Supplements to 101 will be issued as needed to expand on aspects of the guidance.

  • Plan Analysis Tool: The Plan Analysis Tool supplements CPG 101 by providing a one-page matrix to track the development timeline for a new plan or the revision of an existing plan. The tool also captures the planning elements contained in CPG 101 to support the analysis by a jurisdiction of its existing plans.

Comprehensive Preparedness Guide 201

FEMA’s Comprehensive Preparedness Guide (CPG) 201, Third Edition provides guidance for conducting a Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA) and Stakeholder Preparedness Review (SPR), formerly State Preparedness Report. CPG 201, Third Edition expands to include both the THIRA and SPR because they are interconnected processes that, together, communities use to evaluate their preparedness. This Edition also introduces updates to both methodologies. The updated THIRA adopts standardized language to describe impacts and targets and allows communities to collect more specific, quantitative information while also providing important context.

Where appropriate, this Edition highlights key changes from previous editions of CPG 201. This Third Edition supersedes the Second Edition of CPG 201.

Comprehensive Preparedness Guide 502

FEMA’s Comprehensive Preparedness Guide (CPG) 502, Considerations for Fusion Center and Emergency Operations Center Coordination focuses on the critical partnership and the exchange of information between fusion centers and Emergency Operations Centers (EOCs). The guide does not provide a “one-size fits all” approach to fusion center and EOC coordination. Rather, it outlines the information sharing roles of fusion centers and EOCs while identifying the planning and coordination considerations each entity must take into account. This guide outlines considerations for the following as they pertain to fusion centers and EOCs: Familiarization with Capabilities, Needs and Requirements, Establishing Partnerships, Determining Processes and Training, Workshops and Exercises.

Engaging Faith-based and Community Organizations: Planning Considerations for Emergency Managers

Faith-based and community organizations offer a wide variety of human and material resources that can prove invaluable during and after an incident. Engaging Faith-based and Community Organizations: Planning Considerations for Emergency Managers guide provides a methodology for emergency managers to engage with faith-based and community organizations in enhancing the resiliency of our nation. By building partnerships with these groups, emergency managers can provide training and technical assistance to strengthen their skills, connect them with existing partners, and then integrate them into emergency management plans and exercises before an event occurs thus increasing response and recovery capability.

Planning Considerations: Complex Coordinated Terrorist Attacks

Complex coordinated terrorist attacks represent an evolving and dynamic terrorist threat with the potential for mass casualties and instrastructure damage anywhere and at any time. Planning Considerations: Complex Coordinated Terrorist Attacks is a resource to aid all community partners, to include all levels of government, infrastructure owners and operators, small businesses, non-profit organizations, and volunteer organizations, in planning and preparing for Complex Coordinated Terrorist Attack (CCTA) scenarios. The guide includes the unique characteristics of CCTAs, identifies potential challenges, and discusses the six-step planning process as it relates to CCTAs. The guide also provides information on identifying the capabilities necessary to respond to CCTAs using the Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment, and it includes a list of relevant, available resources.

Developing High Quality Emergency Operation Plans for Houses of Worship

The Guide for Developing High Quality Emergency Operations Plans for Houses of Worshipprovides recommendations in the development of plans to respond to an emergency and outlines how organizations can plan for preventing, protecting against, mitigating the impact of and recovering from these emergencies. The guide translates lessons learned from the administration’s work on national preparedness to the school and house of worship contexts, ensuring that these critical assets are benefitting from recent advancements in the emergency planning field.

The guide introduces houses of worship to a new approach to planning that includes walking through different emergency scenarios to create a course of action for each objective the team is trying to accomplish. The guide emphasizes that successful planning requires all stakeholders be engaged in the planning process from the start – including community partners such as local law enforcement, fire officials, emergency medical services and emergency management staff.

Developing High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plan

The Guide for Developing High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plan provides recommendations in the development of plans not only to respond to an emergency but, also, outlines how schools (K-12) can plan for preventing, protecting against, mitigating the impact of and recovering from these emergencies. The guide translates lessons learned from the administration’s work on national preparedness to benefit from recent advancements in the emergency planning field. The guide introduces new approaches to planning that includes walking through different emergency scenarios to create a course of action for each objective the team is trying to accomplish.

Guide for Developing High-Quality Emergency Operations Plans for Institutions of Higher Education

The Guide for Developing High-Quality Emergency Operations Plans for Institutions of Higher Education provides recommendations in the development of plans not only to respond to an emergency but, also, outlines how institutions of higher education can plan for preventing, protecting against, mitigating the impact of, and recovering from these emergencies. The guide translates lessons learned from the administration’s work on national preparedness to institutions of higher education to benefit from recent advancements in the emergency planning field. The guide introduces new approaches to planning that include walking through different emergency scenarios to create a course of action for each objective the team is trying to accomplish.

Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Guide for Tribal Governments

The Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Guide for Tribal Governments is designed to prepare tribal governments for recovery efforts from future disasters by engaging with the whole community and planning for recovery activities that are comprehensive and long term. The guide also provides tools for public engagement and for identifying existing recovery resources and outside partnerships that could help tribal governments build resilience.

Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Guide for State Governments

The Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Guide for State Governments supports state agencies with guidance needed to develop broad scope recovery plans that address National Disaster Recovery Framework principles. A robust recovery plan can enable states to more easily adapt to new post-disaster roles needed to manage new or modified sources of state and federal recovery resources. Pre-disaster recovery plans are important because they establish resilience through state-level leadership and structure, form key communication channels, and build whole-community partnerships to support recovery efforts. Using this guide to develop state capability will not only allow your state or territory to be more effective in recovery, but it will help you better communicate and interface with your federal and local recovery partners.

Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Guide for Local Governments

The Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Guide for Local Governments is designed to help local governments prepare for recovery from future disasters. The Guide offers tools for public engagement, whole-community recovery, identification of existing recovery resources, and identifying outside partnerships that can help local governments build resilience.

Last Updated: 
10/17/2019 - 11:32