The purpose of this page is to provide information on strategic and operational planning. The National Incident Management System is intended to be used by the whole community. The intended audience for this page is individuals, families, communities, the private and nonprofit sectors, faith-based organizations, and local, state, tribal, territorial, insular area, and federal governments.
If you have any questions, please contact the National Integration Center at FEMA-NIC@fema.dhs.gov.
Planning makes it possible to manage the entire life cycle of a potential crisis. Strategic and operational planning establishes priorities, identifies expected levels of performance and capability requirements, provides the standard for assessing capabilities and helps stakeholders learn their roles. The planning elements identify what an organization’s Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) or Emergency Operations Plans (EOPs) should include for ensuring that contingencies are in place for delivering the capability during a large-scale disaster.
National Response Framework
The National Response Framework presents the guiding principles that enable all response partners to prepare for and provide a unified national response to disasters and emergencies - from the smallest incident to the largest catastrophe. The Framework establishes a comprehensive, national, all-hazards approach to domestic incident response.
Comprehensive Preparedness Guides and Other Planning Guides
Comprehensive Preparedness Guide 101
FEMA’s Comprehensive Preparedness Guide (CPG) 101 provides guidance on the fundamentals of planning and development of Emergency Operations Plans (EOPs). Following the initial release of CPG 101 in March 2009, FEMA solicited additional input from private sector, local, state, tribal, territorial, insular area, and federal stakeholders, which led to the development of a more user-friendly document that reflects recent initiatives and the current planning environment. CPG 101 encourages emergency and homeland security managers to engage the whole community in addressing all of the risks that might impact their jurisdictions. CPG 101 is the cornerstone for providing planning considerations for a variety of hazards, security issues and emergency functions. Supplements to 101 will be issued as needed to expand on aspects of the guidance.
- Plan Analysis Tool: The Plan Analysis Tool supplements CPG 101 by providing a one-page matrix to track the development timeline for a new plan or the revision of an existing plan. The tool also captures the planning elements contained in CPG 101 to support the analysis by a jurisdiction of its existing plans.
Comprehensive Preparedness Guide 201
FEMA’s Comprehensive Preparedness Guide (CPG) 201 provides communities additional guidance for conducting a Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA). The first edition of this guide, released in April 2012, presented the basic steps of the THIRA process. Specifically, the first edition described a standard process for identifying community-specific threats and hazards and setting capability targets for each core capability identified in the National Preparedness Goal.
Comprehensive Preparedness Guide 502
FEMA’s Comprehensive Preparedness Guide (CPG) 502, Considerations for Fusion Center and Emergency Operations Center Coordination focuses on the critical partnership and the exchange of information between fusion centers and Emergency Operations Centers (EOCs). The guide does not provide a “one-size fits all” approach to fusion center and EOC coordination. Rather, it outlines the information sharing roles of fusion centers and EOCs while identifying the planning and coordination considerations each entity must take into account. This guide outlines considerations for the following as they pertain to fusion centers and EOCs: Familiarization with Capabilities, Needs and Requirements, Establishing Partnerships, Determining Processes and Training, Workshops and Exercises.
Developing High Quality Emergency Operation Plans for Houses of Worship
The Guide for Developing High Quality Emergency Operations Plans for Houses of Worship provides recommendations in the development of plans to respond to an emergency and outlines how organizations can plan for preventing, protecting against, mitigating the impact of and recovering from these emergencies. The guide translates lessons learned from the administration’s work on national preparedness to the school and house of worship contexts, ensuring that these critical assets are benefitting from recent advancements in the emergency planning field.
The guide introduces houses of worship to a new approach to planning that includes walking through different emergency scenarios to create a course of action for each objective the team is trying to accomplish. The guide emphasizes that successful planning requires all stakeholders be engaged in the planning process from the start – including community partners such as local law enforcement, fire officials, emergency medical services and emergency management staff.
Developing High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plan
The Guide for Developing High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plan provides recommendations in the development of plans not only to respond to an emergency but, also, outlines how schools (K-12) can plan for preventing, protecting against, mitigating the impact of and recovering from these emergencies. The guide translates lessons learned from the administration’s work on national preparedness to benefit from recent advancements in the emergency planning field. The guide introduces new approaches to planning that includes walking through different emergency scenarios to create a course of action for each objective the team is trying to accomplish.
Guide for Developing High-Quality Emergency Operations Plans for Institutions of Higher Education
The Guide for Developing High-Quality Emergency Operations Plans for Institutions of Higher Education provides recommendations in the development of plans not only to respond to an emergency but, also, outlines how institutions of higher education can plan for preventing, protecting against, mitigating the impact of, and recovering from these emergencies. The guide translates lessons learned from the administration’s work on national preparedness to institutions of higher education to benefit from recent advancements in the emergency planning field. The guide introduces new approaches to planning that include walking through different emergency scenarios to create a course of action for each objective the team is trying to accomplish.
Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Guide for State Governments
The Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Guide for State Governments supports state agencies with guidance needed to develop broad scope recovery plans that address National Disaster Recovery Framework principles. A robust recovery plan can enable states to more easily adapt to new post-disaster roles needed to manage new or modified sources of state and federal recovery resources. Pre-disaster recovery plans are important because they establish resilience through state-level leadership and structure, form key communication channels, and build whole-community partnerships to support recovery efforts. Using this guide to develop state capability will not only allow your state or territory to be more effective in recovery, but it will help you better communicate and interface with your federal and local recovery partners.
Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Guide for Local Governments
The Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Guide for Local Governments is designed to help local governments prepare for recovery from future disasters. The Guide offers tools for public engagement, whole-community recovery, identification of existing recovery resources, and identifying outside partnerships that can help local governments build resilience.
FEMA Technical Assistance Program
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) works with state, local, tribal, and territorial jurisdictions, federal departments and agencies, and whole community partners to provide technical assistance (TA) to improve emergency management practices nationwide.
FEMA uses a variety of methods to provide technical assistance, including:
- In-person workshops to support implementing the National Preparedness System and opportunities for peer-to-peer learning. Workshops are held at different locations around the country, and
- Customized technical assistance for emerging, cross-cutting, or complex topics. This delivery method may include the development of new tools, plans, and processes that are of benefit to jurisdictions nationwide.
FEMA also assists jurisdictions by helping to identify guidance, training, and templates that jurisdictions can use to improve and maintain core capabilities and by hosting webinars to showcase state, local, tribal, and territorial achievement, lessons learned, and subject matter expertise on a range of topics relevant to today’s emergency manager.
If you have recommendations for technical assistance topics or if you are having challenges with a specific emergency management issue, please email us at: FEMA-TARequest@fema.dhs.gov. Provide your name, contact information, your role in emergency management, and the nature of your request or recommendation.
Regional Catastrophic Preparedness Grants
The Regional Catastrophic Preparedness Grant Program (RCPGP) is intended to support coordination of regional all-hazard planning for catastrophic events, including the development of integrated planning communities, plans, protocols and procedures to manage a catastrophic event.