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FEMA's Hazard Mitigation Grant Program: Property Buyouts

FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Grant Program 
Property Buyouts: Step-by-Step
Keep in mind: this is a long-term effort, 
requiring multiple decisions at each step.
For more information about property buyouts under 
FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Grant Program, visit 
www.fema.gov/hazard-mitigation-grant-program 
or contact your local or state emergency 
management officials.
Step 1
Property Owner: experiences damage and is interested in selling their property to the government.
The property owner contacts the local municipality to discuss options.
Local Government: considers the option and decides:
to purchase properties with local funds
to apply to the state for funds
to not acquire the property
Step 3
State Government: 
if the local government makes a request for funds, the state considers the request and decides to:
apply to FEMA for the funds to purchase the property
identify funding from another source to complete the project
not grant funds for the action requested
Step 4
Federal Government: 
if the state makes a request, FEMA accepts and reviews the application to ensure it meets requirements:
completeness
eligibility
technical feasibility
cost-effectiveness
compliance with environmental planning & historic preservation
local cost share is provided.
Remember: compliance with all local ordinances is still required if any rebuilding work is undertaken after the disaster. The process may stop at any time. If requirements are met and funding is available, the grant is awarded.

This image depicts the step-by-step process related to property buyouts through FEMA's Hazard Mitigation Grant Program. It includes the decision points and information for local/state/federal goverments, as well as property owners.

Photo by Tommi Tyler - Oct 08, 2019
Last Updated: October 8, 2019