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National Preparedness Resource Library


Presidential Policy Directive-8: National Preparedness

Presidential Policy Directive (PPD)-8: National Preparedness, signed on March 30, 2011, calls on federal departments and agencies to work with the whole community to strengthen the security and resilience of the nation through systematic preparation for the threats that pose the greatest risk. PPD-8 is organized around six elements including National Preparedness Goal, National Preparedness System, National Planning Frameworks, Federal Interagency Operational Plans, the annual National Preparedness Report and an ongoing national effort to build and sustain preparedness.

National Preparedness Goal

The National Preparedness Goal defines what it means for the whole community to be prepared for all types of disasters and emergencies.

National Preparedness System

The National Preparedness System is the means to build, sustain and deliver the capabilities needed achieve the goal of a secure and resilient nation. The guidance, programs, processes and systems that support each component of the National Preparedness System enable a collaborative, whole community approach to national preparedness.


National Planning Frameworks

The National Planning Frameworks describe how the whole community works together to achieve the National Preparedness Goal. There is one Framework for each of the five mission areas: Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response and Recovery.

Emergency Support Function (ESF) Annexes

The Emergency Support Functions provide the structure for coordinating Federal interagency support for a Federal response to an incident. They are mechanisms for grouping functions most frequently used to provide Federal support to States and Federal-to-Federal support, both for declared disasters and emergencies under the Stafford Act and for non-Stafford Act incidents.

National Response Framework Support Annexes

The Support Annexes describe how Federal departments and agencies; local, State, tribal, territorial and insular area entities; the private sector; volunteer organizations and nongovernmental organizations coordinate and execute the common functional processes and administrative requirements necessary to ensure efficient and effective incident management.


Federal Interagency Operational Plans

The Federal Interagency Operational Plans (FIOPs), one for each mission area, describe how the federal government aligns resources and delivers core capabilities. The FIOPs describe the concept of operations for integrating and synchronizing existing national-level capabilities to support local, state, tribal, territorial, insular area and federal plans, and are supported by federal department-level operational plans, where appropriate.

Federal Interagency Operational Plans Annexes

Incident annexes to the Federal Interagency Operational Plans address unique concepts of operations, roles, responsibilities, critical tasks or resources for a specific risk or hazard not otherwise addressed by the FIOP. Other stakeholders engaged in their own planning may find these documents useful in enhancing their understanding of how the Federal response will be implemented and how their planning efforts can be complementary.


Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment

The Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA) is a three-step risk assessment process that helps communities understand their risks and what they need to do to address those risks

National Preparedness Report

The National Preparedness Report highlights the diverse range of preparedness challenges the nation faces and shows how preparedness grant funding was used to make preparedness improvements.


Community Lifelines

Community Lifelines enable the continuous operation of critical government and business functions and is essential to human health and safety or economic security.

Last updated Jul 28, 2020

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