The purpose of this page is to define the Coastal Barrier Resources System, a commonly used term in floodplain management.
The Coastal Barrier Resources Act (COBRA) of 1982 and later amendments, removed the Federal government from financial involvement associated with building and development in undeveloped portions of designated coastal barriers (including the Great Lakes). These areas were mapped and designated as Coastal Barrier Resources System units or "otherwise" protected areas. They are colloquially called COBRA zones. COBRA banned the sale of NFIP flood insurance for structures built or substantially improved on or after a specified date. For the initial COBRA designation, this date is October 1, 1983. For all subsequent designations, this date is the date the COBRA zone was identified. COBRA zones and their identification dates are shown on Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMs).
Communities may permit development in these areas even though no Federal assistance is available, provided that the development meets NFIP requirements.
National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) Requirement
- (pages 9-19, 9-20)
- (page 3-39) - Mapping
- Coastal Barrier Resources Act of 1982