In August 2019, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) conducted a grant effectiveness case study with the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (Port Authority) to understand how the Port Authority used grant funds to increase its ability to prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover from acts of terrorism and other human threats. Specifically, FEMA examined how the Port Authority made investments using Federal, state, and local dollars to address lessons learned from prior terror plots and attacks to close capability gaps and to determine whether these investments resulted in increased preparedness for future terror attacks. FEMA also examined the processes that the Port Authority uses to prioritize and allocate FEMA grant investments. Additionally, FEMA solicited feedback from the Port Authority to inform future improvements to the grant programs. Overall, the case study found that FEMA grant-funded investments positively enhanced the Port Authority’s preparation for and response to threats and acts of terror and other real-world events.
FEMA collected information for the case study using structured interviews through phone calls and site visits with representatives from:
- Port Authority Office of Emergency Management (OEM)
- Port Authority Police Department
- World Trade Center (WTC) Security Operations & Programs
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