Tribal mitigation plans look at natural hazards that may affect tribal governments and suggest actions to reduce losses from those hazards.
This page has resources for tribal governments to help develop or update their mitigation plans and support their ongoing mitigation planning processes.
Tribal Mitigation Planning Resources
- The Tribal Mitigation Plan Review Guide (2017) helps tribal governments update their plans to comply with FEMA’s policy on the natural hazard mitigation planning requirements. It is the official interpretation of the Code of Federal Regulations.
- The Tribal Mitigation Planning Fact Sheet (2016) highlights the Tribal Mitigation Plan Review Guide.
- The Tribal Mitigation Planning Handbook (2019) is a tool for tribal governments to develop and update hazard mitigation plans. It has possible advice for developing a plan, as well as worksheets and other resources.
- The Tribal Mitigation Planning Grant Application Development Job Aid (2019) helps tribes complete a planning grant or subgrant application for aid.
- Mitigation Ideas: A Resource for Reducing Risk to Natural Hazards (2013) is a resource for reviewing potential mitigation actions to reduce risk from natural hazards.
For more information, to request training, or more technical assistance to build mitigation planning capabilities, Tribal officials can contact their Regional Tribal Liaison or Senior Mitigation Planner in the Mitigation Division of the appropriate FEMA Regional Office.
Mitigation Planning Regulations and FEMA Assistance Programs
The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Stafford Act), as amended, provides the legal basis for tribal governments to take on mitigation planning. The Stafford Act requires state, tribal, and local governments to develop and adopt FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plans to receive certain non-emergency disaster assistance.
The Tribal mitigation planning regulations are in Title 44 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) §201.7 Tribal Mitigation Plans. Tribal governments can become eligible to receive more Hazard Mitigation Grant Program funds by meeting the Enhanced State Mitigation Plan criteria in Title 44 CFR §201.5 Enhanced State Mitigation Plans.
FEMA Assistance Programs
Tribal governments need to develop and adopt hazard mitigation plans to receive non-emergency disaster funds from these FEMA assistance programs:
- Public Assistance (PA) Grant Program, Categories C-G
- Fire Management Assistance Grants (FMAG) Program
- Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)
- Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) Program
- Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) Program
The Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) page has more information on FEMA’s mitigation grant programs. The Hazard Mitigation Assistance brochures give additional details on the three grant programs: Hazard Mitigation Grant Program, Pre-Disaster Mitigation and Flood Mitigation Assistance.
Restrictions on Grant Obligations to State, Tribal and Local Governments without a FEMA-Approved Mitigation Plan (2013) shows what happens when state, tribal, and local governments that do not have a FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plan relative to funds under certain FEMA assistance programs. More information is also on the Hazard Mitigation Plan Requirement page.
For more information, to request training, or assistance on applying for HMA mitigation planning and/or project grants, Tribal officials can contact their Regional Tribal Liaison or HMA Branch Chief in the Mitigation Division of the appropriate FEMA Regional Office.
General Tribal Resources
- FEMA Tribal Affairs
- Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Guide for Tribal Governments (2019) helps Tribal governments prepare and plan for recovery before a disaster.
- FEMA and Tribal Nations: A Pocket Guide (2014) has FEMA’s policies related to Tribal engagement. It outlines key FEMA programs and how they relate to federally-recognized tribes. It also has contact information for FEMA’s Tribal liaisons.
- Bureau of Indian Affairs and its Tribal Resilience Program
- Housing and Urban Development Office of Native American Programs
- Environmental Protection Agency Tribal Programs
- Indian Health Service Area Offices and Facilities