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Tribal Mitigation Planning Resources

This page discusses resources for Tribal mitigation plans. Tribal mitigation plans identify the natural hazards that affect the tribal government, identify actions to reduce losses from those hazards, and establish a coordinated process to implement the plan. This page provides resources for tribal governments to assist in the development and update of hazard mitigation plans and for the establishment of an ongoing tribal mitigation planning process.

Mitigation Planning Resources

The following resources can help tribal governments develop and update their mitigation plans.

For more information or to request training and technical assistance to build mitigation planning capabilities, tribal officials can contact the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) Regional Tribal Liaisons or Senior Mitigation Planner in the Mitigation Division, Risk Analysis Branch of the appropriate FEMA Regional Office.

Mitigation Planning Regulations and FEMA Assistance Programs

The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Stafford Act), as amended, provides the legal basis for tribal governments to undertake mitigation planning. The Stafford Act requires state, tribal, and local governments to develop and adopt FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plans as a condition for receiving certain types of non-emergency disaster assistance. 

The tribal mitigation planning regulations are established in Title 44 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) §201.7 Tribal Mitigation Plans. In addition, Title 44 CFR §201.3(e)(3) indicates that, “In order to be considered for the increased HMGP funding, the Tribal Mitigation Plan must meet the Enhanced State Mitigation Plan criteria identified in §201.5.” Those Enhanced State Regulations can be found in Title 44 CFR §201.5 Enhanced State Mitigation Plans.

Restrictions on Grant Obligations to State, Tribal and Local Governments without a FEMA-Approved Mitigation Plan (2013) describes the implications to state, tribal, and local governments that do not have a FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plan relative to receiving assistance under certain FEMA assistance programs. For more information, please visit the Hazard Mitigation Plan Requirement page.

FEMA requires tribal governments to develop and adopt hazard mitigation plans as a condition for receiving the following types of non-emergency disaster assistance. These types of assistance include:

Further information on FEMA’s Mitigation grant programs is available from the Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) program.

The HMA Program also provides information on grant policy and resources that can assist with the development of planning and project grant applications. More information on the HMA grant programs (HMGP, PDM, and FMA) can be found in the Hazard Mitigation Assistance brochures.

For more information, as well as requests for training and technical assistance to apply for HMA mitigation planning and/or project grants, tribal officials can contact FEMA’s Regional Tribal Liaisons or HMA Branch Chief in the Mitigation Division of the appropriate FEMA Regional Office.

General Tribal Resources

Last Updated: 
09/27/2019 - 13:52