Main Content

Tribal Mitigation Planning Resources

Tribal mitigation plans look at natural hazards that may affect tribal governments and suggest actions to reduce losses from those hazards.

This page has resources for tribal governments to help develop or update their mitigation plans and support their ongoing mitigation planning processes.

Tribal Mitigation Planning Resources

For more information, to request training, or more technical assistance to build mitigation planning capabilities, Tribal officials can contact their Regional Tribal Liaison or Senior Mitigation Planner in the Mitigation Division of the appropriate FEMA Regional Office.

Mitigation Planning Regulations and FEMA Assistance Programs


The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Stafford Act), as amended, provides the legal basis for tribal governments to take on mitigation planning. The Stafford Act requires state, tribal, and local governments to develop and adopt FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plans to receive certain non-emergency disaster assistance. 

The Tribal mitigation planning regulations are in Title 44 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) §201.7 Tribal Mitigation Plans. Tribal governments can become eligible to receive more Hazard Mitigation Grant Program funds by meeting the Enhanced State Mitigation Plan criteria in Title 44 CFR §201.5 Enhanced State Mitigation Plans.

FEMA Assistance Programs

Tribal governments need to develop and adopt hazard mitigation plans to receive non-emergency disaster funds from these FEMA assistance programs:

The Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) page has more information on FEMA’s mitigation grant programs.  The Hazard Mitigation Assistance brochures give additional details on the three grant programs: Hazard Mitigation Grant Program, Pre-Disaster Mitigation and Flood Mitigation Assistance. 

Restrictions on Grant Obligations to State, Tribal and Local Governments without a FEMA-Approved Mitigation Plan (2013) shows what happens when state, tribal, and local governments that do not have a FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plan relative to funds under certain FEMA assistance programs. More information is also on the Hazard Mitigation Plan Requirement page.

For more information, to request training, or assistance on applying for HMA mitigation planning and/or project grants, Tribal officials can contact their Regional Tribal Liaison or HMA Branch Chief in the Mitigation Division of the appropriate FEMA Regional Office.

General Tribal Resources

Last Updated: 
12/19/2019 - 09:25