This page discusses resources for Tribal mitigation plans. Tribal mitigation plans identify the natural hazards that affect the tribal government, identify actions to reduce losses from those hazards, and establish a coordinated process to implement the plan. This page provides resources for tribal governments to assist in the development and update of hazard mitigation plans and for the establishment of an ongoing tribal mitigation planning process.
Mitigation Planning Resources
The following resources can help tribal governments develop and update their mitigation plans.
- The Tribal Mitigation Plan Review Guide (December 2017) is FEMA’s updated policy on and interpretation of the mitigation planning requirements and went effective on December 5, 2018.
- The Tribal Mitigation Planning Handbook (Tribal Handbook) (May 2019) is a tool for Tribal governments to use as they develop and implement their hazard mitigation plans. The Handbook provides practical approaches, resources, worksheets, and advice for Tribal governments in the mitigation planning process. It is a companion to the Tribal Mitigation Review Guide.
- The Tribal Mitigation Planning Fact Sheet (2016) provides an overview of hazard mitigation planning under FEMA’s National Mitigation Planning Program for tribal governments.
- Mitigation Ideas: A Resource for Reducing Risk to Natural Hazards (2013) provides a resource that tribal governments can use to identify and evaluate a range of potential mitigation actions for reducing risk to natural hazards and disasters.
For more information or to request training and technical assistance to build mitigation planning capabilities, tribal officials can contact the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) Regional Tribal Liaisons or Senior Mitigation Planner in the Mitigation Division, Risk Analysis Branch of the appropriate FEMA Regional Office.
Mitigation Planning Regulations and FEMA Assistance Programs
The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Stafford Act), as amended, provides the legal basis for tribal governments to undertake mitigation planning. The Stafford Act requires state, tribal, and local governments to develop and adopt FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plans as a condition for receiving certain types of non-emergency disaster assistance.
The tribal mitigation planning regulations are established in Title 44 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) §201.7 Tribal Mitigation Plans. In addition, Title 44 CFR §201.3(e)(3) indicates that, “In order to be considered for the increased HMGP funding, the Tribal Mitigation Plan must meet the Enhanced State Mitigation Plan criteria identified in §201.5.” Those Enhanced State Regulations can be found in Title 44 CFR §201.5 Enhanced State Mitigation Plans.
Restrictions on Grant Obligations to State, Tribal and Local Governments without a FEMA-Approved Mitigation Plan (2013) describes the implications to state, tribal, and local governments that do not have a FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plan relative to receiving assistance under certain FEMA assistance programs. For more information, please visit the Hazard Mitigation Plan Requirement page.
FEMA requires tribal governments to develop and adopt hazard mitigation plans as a condition for receiving the following types of non-emergency disaster assistance. These types of assistance include:
- Public Assistance (PA) Grant Program, Categories C-G
- Fire Management Assistance Grants (FMAG) Program
- Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)
- Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) Program
- Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) Program
Further information on FEMA’s Mitigation grant programs is available from the Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) program.
The HMA Program also provides information on grant policy and resources that can assist with the development of planning and project grant applications. More information on the HMA grant programs (HMGP, PDM, and FMA) can be found in the Hazard Mitigation Assistance brochures.
For more information, as well as requests for training and technical assistance to apply for HMA mitigation planning and/or project grants, tribal officials can contact FEMA’s Regional Tribal Liaisons or HMA Branch Chief in the Mitigation Division of the appropriate FEMA Regional Office.
General Tribal Resources
- FEMA Tribal Affairs
- FEMA and Tribal Nations: A Pocket Guide (2014) explains FEMA’s policies related to tribal engagement, outlines key FEMA programs and how they specifically relate to federally-recognized tribes, and provides contact information for FEMA’s tribal liaisons.
- Bureau of Indian Affairs and its Tribal Resilience Program
- Housing and Urban Development Office of Native American Programs
- Environmental Protection Agency Tribal Programs
- Indian Health Service Area Offices and Facilities