The REP Program coordinates the national effort to provide state, local and tribal governments with relevant and executable planning, training, and exercise guidance and policies necessary to ensure that adequate capabilities exist to prevent, protect against, mitigate the effects of, respond to and recover from incidents involving commercial nuclear power plants (NPPs).
REP Program Updates
This NUREG-0654/FEMA-REP-1, Revision 2 update reflects changes to both NRC and FEMA regulations, guidance, policies, and doctrine, as well as advances in technology and best practices that have occurred since the document was originally issued in November 1980. This update also incorporates the four supplemental documents and addenda that have been issued in the intervening years, and is intended to modernize and consolidate the guidance making it easier for users to understand.
The 2019 version of the RPM replaces the 2016 version of the RPM and is expected to be implemented upon issuance. The FEMA Regional Assistance Committee (RAC) Chairs will provide assistance and direction for implementing the RPM to those organizations actively involved in planning and evaluation activities at the time of issuance.
Disaster Initiated Review (DIR) Standard Operating Guide (SOG)
- Radiological Emergency Preparedness (REP) Disaster Initiated Review (DIR) Standard Operating Guide (SOG)
Resource and Reference Library
The REPP Document Library contains Regulation, Policy and Guidance for the REP Program, inluding the recently updated REP Program Manual (RPM), Frequently Asked Questions and additional support documents. As soon as older documents are converted to digital versions and meet 508 Compliance standards, we will post them to our document library for public access.
FEMA's Radiological Emergency Preparedness Program in partnership with the Center for Domestic Preparedness and the Emergency Management Institute provides hazardous materials training for HAZMAT techs to keep responders apprised of the latest techniques and tools to respond safely.
The NRC is responsible for emergency preparedness at the Nation’s commercial NPPs. Following the March 1979 Three Mile Island accident, Executive Order 12148 and the Presidential Directive of December 7, 1979 transferred the federal lead role in offsite emergency planning and preparedness activities from the NRC to FEMA. This assignment aligned with FEMA’s statutory role in promoting, funding, coordinating, and providing technical assistance for disaster preparedness, as defined in Section 201 of the Disaster Relief Act of 1974.2.
FEMA established the REP Program to manage its responsibility for ORO emergency planning and preparedness in areas around commercial NPPs. The NRC retained responsibility for onsite activities. The NRC Authorization Acts of 1980 (Pub.L. 96-295) and 1982-1983 (Pub.L. 97-415) directed the NRC to establish emergency preparedness as a criterion for licensing commercial NPPs.
Specifically, the NRC Authorization Acts prohibit the NRC from issuing an operating license for an NPP unless it finds that “there exists a state, local, or utility plan which 2 42 USC 5131, as amended by the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, Public Law (Pub.L.)100-707, 102 Stat. 4689 (1988). This Act constitutes the statutory authority for most federal disaster response activities, especially as they pertain to FEMA and FEMA programs. 44 CFR Part 352 allows for the submission of offsite emergency response plans/procedures by a licensee in those instances where OROs, either individually or together, decline or fail to prepare commercial NPP offsite radiological emergency preparedness plans/procedures that are sufficient to satisfy NRC licensing requirements provides reasonable assurance that public health and safety is not endangered by operation of the facility concerned.”
The acts also provides for the NRC to consult FEMA in developing standards for evaluating plans/procedures and in making individual determinations that the plans/procedures provide reasonable assurance for protecting public health and safety.
The NRC revised its regulations in 10 CFR Part 50 to incorporate additional emergency preparedness requirements, including 16 Planning Standards for onsite and offsite emergency response plans/procedures.
In 1980, the NRC and FEMA jointly issued NUREG-0654/FEMA-REP-1 to provide onsite and offsite planning guidance to protect public health and safety in the event of an incident at an NPP. This document includes the 16 Planning Standards and associated Evaluation Criteria for assessing whether the licensee and the affected OROs have plans/procedures in place that provide a reasonable assurance that adequate protective measures can and will be taken. The NUREG-0654/FEMA-REP-1, Revision 2 update reflects changes to both NRC and FEMA regulations, guidance, policies, and doctrine, as well as advances in technology and best practices that have occurred since the document was originally issued in November 1980. The update also incorporated the four supplemental documents and addenda that have been issued in the intervening years, and is intended to modernize and consolidate the guidance making it easier for users to understand.
FEMA regulations in 44 CFR Part 350 address the review and approval of ORO emergency plans/procedures for responding to radiological emergencies at commercial NPPs. These regulations also include the 16 Planning Standards and incorporate by reference the joint NRC-FEMA guidance document NUREG-0654/FEMA-REP-1 Revison 2.
Additional information includes contacts, policies, Websites and lessons learned.