This page documents the metadata for the Individual Assistance Housing Registrants Large Disasters API data feed.
1.1. What is the data in the submission?
Individual Assistance is provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to individuals and families who have sustained losses due to disasters.
Homeowners, renters, and business owners in designated counties who sustained damage to their homes, vehicles, personal property, businesses, or inventory as a result of a federally declared disaster may apply for disaster assistance.
Disaster assistance may include grants to help pay for temporary housing, emergency home repairs, uninsured and underinsured personal property losses, and medical, dental, and funeral expenses caused by the disaster, along with other serious disaster-related expenses.
Disaster assistance grants are not taxable income and will not affect eligibility for Social Security, Medicaid, medical waiver programs, welfare assistance, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, food stamps, Supplemental Security Income, or Social Security Disability Insurance.
This dataset contains detailed non-PII data on the Individuals and Households Program (IHP). FEMA provides assistance to individuals and households through the Individual Assistance (IA) program, which includes all of the following: Mass Care and Emergency Assistance (MC/EA); Crisis Counseling Assistance and Training Program (CCP); Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA); Disaster Legal Services (DLS); Disaster Case Management (DCM); and Individuals and Households Program (IHP). IHP is comprised of two categories of assistance: Housing Assistance (HA) and Other Needs Assistance (ONA). For more information read FEMA's IHP unified guidance: https://www.fema.gov/ihp-unified-guidance
Individual data elements and descriptions are listed in the metadata information within the dataset.
1.2. How is it generated?
The data is derived from the National Emergency Management Information System (NEMIS). The system has been used since 1998 to process all cases for FEMA's Individual Assistance (IA) program as the system of record. The dataset was extracted using FEMA's Enterprise Data Warehouse to ensure reliable, uniform data.
1.3. How can the data be used?
The data can be used to analyze FEMA's IA program response attributes. This could particularly help local and state governments and non-governmental organizations put together applications for funding from the Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) Community Development Block Grants (CDBG) program for rebuilding efforts during and after major disaster declarations. This data was instrumental in Hurricane Sandy community rebuilding and is designed for use in the 2017 hurricane season recovery and beyond.
OpenFEMA customers can comprehensively identify data trends that demonstrate needs of particular communities. For example, large numbers of households with elderly residents in areas susceptible to flooding who may need specific design considerations in home elevation, or low-income renters concentrated in communities where additional assistance may be needed to improve recovery.
Community groups assisting survivors with their recovery must have accurate and comprehensive data to allocate resources and design recovery programs to accurately and fairly meet the true needs of disaster survivors, particularly the most vulnerable households and communities. The public must have access to this data in order to understand and evaluate state and local recovery plans, and advocate for an effective and equitable recovery.
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|id||ID||string||System generated unique identifier|
|disasterNumber||Disaster Number||string||Unique FEMA numerical identifer for each disaster declaration|
|damagedCity||Damaged City||string||Damaged Dwelling City|
|damagedStateAbbreviation||Damaged State Abbreviation||string||Damaged Dwelling State Abbreviation|
|damagedZipCode||Damaged Zip Code||string||Damaged Dwelling Zip Code|
|householdComposition||Household Composition||number||Number of individuals living in household at time of damage|
|grossIncome||Gross Income||number||Self-reported Gross Income|
|specialNeeds||Special Needs Indicator||boolean||Applicant requires special accommodations to use FEMA assistance|
|ownRent||Owner or Renter||string||Applicant is Owner or Renter of Dwelling|
|residenceType||Residence Type||string||Damaged Dwelling Residence Type|
|homeOwnersInsurance||Home Owners Insurance||boolean||Does the applicant have Home Owner's Insurance?|
|floodInsurance||Flood Insurance Indicator||boolean||Does the applicant have flood insurance?|
|inspected||Inspected Indicator||boolean||Has the applicant been inspected by FEMA?|
|rpfvl||RP FVL||number||Real property damage amount observed by FEMA|
|habitabilityRepairsRequired||Habitability Repairs Required||boolean||Are repairs required to make the dwelling habitable?|
|destroyed||Destroyed||boolean||Is structure permanently uninhabitable?|
|waterLevel||Water Level||number||Total depth of water in damaged dwelling|
|floodDamage||Flood Damage Indicator||boolean||Was damage caused by flooding?|
|foundationDamage||Foundation Damage Indicator||boolean||Has the damaged dwelling's foundation been damaged?|
|foundationDamageAmount||Foundation Damage Amount||number||Foundation damage amount observed by FEMA|
|roofDamage||Roof Damage Indicator||boolean||Has the damage dwelling's roof been damaged?|
|roofDamageAmount||Roof Damage Amount||number||Roof damage amount observed by FEMA|
|tsaEligible||Temporary Sheltering Assistance Eligible||boolean||Is applicant eligible for Temporary Sheltering Assistance?|
|tsaCheckedIn||TSA Checked In||boolean||Has applicant checked in to FEMA provided Temporary Sheltering Assistance facility?|
|rentalAssistanceEligible||Rental Assistance Eligible||boolean||Is applicant eligible for FEMA rental assistance?|
|rentalAssistanceAmount||Rental Assistance Amount||number||Amount of Rental Assistance in dollars|
|repairAssistanceEligible||Repair Assistance Eligible||boolean||Is applicant eligible for FEMA assistance to repair the damaged dwelling?|
|repairAmount||Repair Amount||number||Amount of Repair Assistance in dollars|
|replacementAssistanceEligible||Replacement Assistance Eligible||boolean||Is applicant eligible for FEMA assistance to replace the damaged dwelling?|
|replacementAmount||Replacement Amount||number||Amount of Replacement Assistance in dollars|
|sbaEligible||Small Business Association Eligible||boolean||Is applicant eligible for a Small Business Association loan?|
|renterDamageLevel||Renter Damage Level||string||Level of Damage: Moderate, Major, Destroyed|
|rentalAssistanceEndDate||Rental Assistance End Date||date||Final Month applicant received Rental Assistance|
|rentalResourceCity||Rental Resource City||string||Rental Resource City|
|rentalResourceStateAbbreviation||Rental Resource State Abbreviation||string||Rental Resource State Abbreviation|
|rentalResourceZipCode||Rental Resource Zip Code||string||Rental Resource Zip Code|
|primaryResidence||Primary Residence||boolean||Is the applicant's damaged dwelling his/her primary residence?|
|personalPropertyEligible||Personal Property Eligible||boolean||Is the applicant eligible for FEMA's Other Needs Assistance (ONA) to cover damaged personal property|
|ppfvl||Personal Property Verified Loss||number||FEMA Verified Loss captured during inspection of personal property|
|censusBlockId||Census Block ID||string||Address-based 15-character code that is the concatenation of fields consisting of the 2-character state FIPS code, the 3-character county FIPS code, the 6-character census tract code, and the 4-character tabulation block code. Please see: https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/baf_description.html CENSUS BLOCK ID MAY HAVE TO BE RE-FORMATTED IN EXCEL TO SEE THE ID CORRECTLY. CREATE A CUSTOM DATA TYPE WITH FIFTEEN HASH SYMBOLS: ###############|
|censusYear||Census Year||number||Census period used to obtain Census Block ID|