The National Earthquake Technical Assistance Program (NETAP) is designed to help state, local, territorial and tribal governments obtain the knowledge, tools and support that they need to plan and implement effective earthquake mitigation strategies. The program provides instructor-led training courses.
FEMA developed the National Earthquake Technical Assistance Program (NETAP) as a mechanism for delivering direct assistance to the public to increase their knowledge and ability to analyze their risk, make a plan and take actions aimed at reducing their earthquake risk and supporting overall community resilience. NETAP is not a grant or cooperative agreement program but a contract managed by FEMA to rapidly deploy training to organizations and communities. The NETAP Resource Guide for Earthquake Program Managers provides information on how states and territories can request NETAP assistance.
Background and Authorities
In accordance with the Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977 (Public Law 95–124) and the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) Reauthorization Act of 2004 (Public Law 108–360), it is FEMA’s responsibility to support “the implementation of a comprehensive earthquake education and public awareness program, including development of materials and their wide dissemination to all appropriate audiences and support public access to locality-specific information that may assist the public in preparing for, mitigating against, responding to and recovering from earthquakes and related disasters.” FEMA developed the National Earthquake Technical Assistance Program (NETAP) as a mechanism for delivering direct assistance to the public to increase their ability to analyze risks, make plans and take actions aimed at reducing seismic risks and supporting overall community resilience. The program is one element of FEMA’s ongoing participation in NEHRP. View the NETAP Fact Sheet.
What are NETAP Trainings?
NETAP provides in-person trainings and associated materials on topics related to earthquake risk reduction. The trainings, which span from a few hours to two days in duration, are intended for a wide variety of participants with diverse professional backgrounds.
NETAP pays for the salary and travel expenses of an approved instructor and for any educational materials used by the training participants and instructor. The state, territorial, or local government requesting the training, in cooperation with any partnering organizations, is responsbile for local logistical requirements (e.g., meeting space, audio/visual equipment, refreshments, recruitment and registeration of students.)
How to Request NETAP Training
The process for obtaining NETAP assistance is described in the following steps:
- Identify Need and Request Training
Applicants are required to complete the NETAP Training Request Form, identifying the specific trainings requested, preferred training dates, training location, anticipated number of participants, and the primary point(s) of contact. The State/Territroy Earthquake Program Manager or other state/territory official with responsbility for earthquake mitigation identifies the need for trainings. In some case, this need may identified in consultation with local organizations such as county emergency services or nonprofits focused on earthquake risk reduction.
- Request Sent to NETAP Contractor
The State/Territory Earthquake Program Manager forwards the request to the appropriate FEMA Regional Earthquake Program Mangager, who after review submits it to the NETAP Contractor (the Applied Technology Council, ATC) to evaluate the request.
- Review and Coordinate
The NETAP Contractor, in collaboration with the FEMA NETAP Mangaer and the FEMA Regional Earthquake Program Manager, reviews the training request. Further discussion may be needed with the requestor to clarify anything that is unclear or to provide guidance on technical information about the available trainings.
- Qualified Training Approved
Based on the review and coordination process, a final decision is made by the FEMA NETAP Manager based on program funding and priorities, target outcomes and benefits of the request, and other relevant factors, such as local earthquake risk, capacity of the requesting organization to execute the proposal in partnership with FEMA, and how well the assistance aligns with local hazard mitigation plans.
- Training Delivery
If approved, the NETAP Contractor deploys approved contract resources, in collaboration with the FEMA Regional and State/Territory Earthquake Program Managers (and the requesting organization, if it is not the state/territory).
- Performance Reporting
Immediately after the NETAP training, the FEMA Regional or State/Territory Earthquake Program Manager (or other requesting organization) submits a written report on progress or final accomplishments. The contracted instructor collects completed evaluation forms from particpants.
- Certificate of Participation
Upon request, the primary point(s) of contact, or the FEMA Regional or State/Territory Earthquake Program Manager, may request Certificates of Participation for training participants. The primary point(s) of contact must provide a database of participants in Microsoft Word or Excel format to the NETAP Contractor.
NETAP Training Courses and Associated Materials
ATC-20, Postearthquake Safety Evaluation of Buildings
In this training, participants learn how to evaluate the safety of buildings following earthquakes. Trainees learn how to perform seismic inspections and safety evaluations of buildings, and to post appropriate safety-status placards. These evaluations and placards can be used in planning and executing evacuation, re-entry, and rebuiling strategies. Under NETAP, ATC-20 training can only be obtained if conducted in conjunction wiht anotehr FEMA Course.
FEMA P-50 Simplified Seismic Assessment of Detached, Single-Family, Wood-Frame Dwellings
Using the FEMA P-50 seismic assessment system and its accompanying retrofit guidelines, FEMA P-50-1, trainees learn how to assign a Seismic Performance Grade to detached, wood-frame residential structures; identify seismic retrofit opportunities and priorities; and identify an improved Seismic Performance Grade, if retrofit occurs.Target audiences include building owners and building officials, home inspectors, design professionals, home builders, emergency planners, insurers and lenders. (Course length: ½ day)
- Simplified Seismic Assessment of Detached, Single-Family, Wood-Frame Dwellings (FEMA P-50): The print publication can be ordered from the FEMA Publication Warehouse at (800) 480-2520, Monday through Friday, 8:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m. EST.
- Seismic Retrofit Guidelines for Detached, Single-Family Wood-Frame Dwellings (FEMA P-50-1): The print publication can be ordered from the FEMA Publication Warehouse at (800) 480-2520, Monday through Friday, 8:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m. EST.
FEMA E-74 Reducing the Risks of Nonstructural Earthquake Damage
This training describes the sources of nonstructural earthquake damage and effective methods of reducing such damage. Nonstructural failures have accounted for the majority of damage in several recent U.S. earthquakes. It is critical to raise awareness of potential nonstructural hazards, the costly consequences of nonstructural failures and the opportunities that exist to limit future losses. Nonstructural components of buildings include all elements that are not part of the structural system; that is, the architectural, mechanical, electrical and plumbing systems, as well as furniture, fixtures, equipment and other contents. (Course length: 1 day)
- Flyer Template: FEMA E-74 Flyer Template
- Reducing the Risks of Nonstructural Earthquake Damage: A Practical Guide. Fourth Edition (FEMA E-74): Available as an online publication.
FEMA P-154, Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic Hazards
In this training, participants learn how to identify potentially hazardous buildings before earthquakes occur, according to the methodology set forth in the Third Edition of FEMA P-154, Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic Hazards. The training covers methods and processes that enable personnel to rapidly screen buildings for their expected safety and usability during and after earthquakes. Local officials can use these data to plan and prioritize further engineering and vulnerability analysis, emergency-response needs, and mitigation projects. The Third Edition document was completed on January 2015, and includes an additional level of screening form, as well as many other enhancements. The webinar on FEMA P-154 is a condensed version of the in-person training and does not include a class exercise.
- Materials provided for the in-person training include:
- FEMA P-154 report, Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic Hazards (Third Edition, printed copy).
- FEMA P-154 CD, which includes the following in electronic format: (1) FEMA P-154 report, Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic Hazards; and (2) FEMA P-155 report, Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic Hazards: Supporting Documentation.
- Only upon request: FEMA P-155 report, Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic Hazards: Supporting Documentation (Third Edition, printed copy)
The FEMA P-154 and FEMA P-155 reports may be downloaded at no cost at the following link: http://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/15212.
FEMA 154 Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic Hazards and ATC-20-1 Field Manual: Postearthquake Safety Evaluation of Buildings (Second Edition)
The FEMA 154 course, described above, may be combined with ATC-20 training, in which students learn how to evaluate the safety of buildings following earthquakes. ATC-20 trainees learn to perform seismic inspections and safety evaluations of buildings and post appropriate safety-status placards. These evaluations and placards can be used in planning and executing evacuation, re-entry and rebuilding strategies. (Course length: 2 days)
- Flyer Template: FEMA 154 and ATC-20 Flyer Template
- See FEMA 154 course materials above.
- Procedures for Postearthquake Safety Evaluation of Buildings and Addendum (ATC-20 Set): The ATC-20 Set, available for purchase from the Applied Technology Council, contains print versions of the 1989 ATC-20 report and the addendum to the report published in 1995.
FEMA 154 Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic Hazards and Rapid Observation of Vulnerability and Estimation of Risk (ROVER)
The FEMA 154 course, described above, may be combined with ROVER training and demonstration assistance. ROVER is open-source software that automates the paper-based screening procedures taught in the FEMA 154 course. Building-specific data are entered into ROVER in the field via smartphones and GPS devices and are aggregated in a PC-based data server. ROVER includes many productivity-enhancing features, such as automated geolocation, integrated digital photography and sketching capabilities and automated retrieval of site-specific soil and hazard data from U.S. Geological Survey maps. (Course length: 1–1½ days)
- Flyer Template: FEMA 154 and ROVER Flyer Template
- See FEMA 154 course materials above.
- ROVER: The software is furnished in conjunction with the ROVER training course.
FEMA 232 Homebuilders' Guide to Earthquake-Resistant Design and Construction
The training on FEMA 232, Homebuilders’ Guide to Earthquake Resistant Design and Construction, presents seismic design and construction guidance for one- and two-family light-frame residential structures, including information that supplements the 2003 edition of the International Residential Code. The FEMA 232 report may be used by homebuilders, homeowners, and other non-engineers.
FEMA 395 Earthquake Safety and Mitigation for Schools
This is a webinar for school officials, teachers, facility managers and other stakeholders interested in reducing earthquake risks in local schools. Numerous school buildings located in multiple states and U.S. territories are vulnerable to earthquake damage that threatens safety and continued operations. Attendees learn how to assess and analyze seismic risks; how to develop actionable plans for reducing and managing these risks; how to secure nonstructural elements of school facilities and how to use “incremental seismic rehabilitation” as an affordable approach for protecting existing buildings and ensuring occupant safety. (Course length: 1–2 hours)
- Flyer Template: FEMA 395 Flyer Template
- Earthquake Safety and Mitigation for School Buildings: Webinar audiovisual recording made on February 17, 2011 (length: 1 hour).
- Incremental Seismic Rehabilitation of School Buildings (K-12): Providing Protection to People and Buildings (FEMA 395): Available as a print publication and downloadable file.
FEMA P-749 Earthquake-Resistant Design Concepts: An Introduction to the NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provisions for New Buildings and Other Structures
Training on the FEMA P-749 report, Earthquake-Resistant Design Concepts: An Introduction to the NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provisions for New Buildings and Other Structures (a companion guide to the 2009 edition of FEMA P-750, NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provisions for New Buildings and Other Structures), has been designed to encourage design and construction practices that address earthquake hazard and minimize the resulting risk to life and property. Understanding the basis for the seismic regulations in the nation’s building codes and standards is important to those outside the earthquake science and engineering community, including elected officials, decision makers in the insurance and financial communities, individual building or business owners, and other concerned citizens. The intent of this training is to provide interested individuals with an easily understandable explanation of the intent and requirements of seismic design in general and the NEHRP Provisions in particular.
FEMA P-767 Earthquake Mitigation for Hospitals
Students are introduced to earthquake hazards in health care settings and learn about methods that can be used to analyze and reduce risks of damage in hospitals and other medical buildings. Such facilities have unique nonstructural components, including equipment and infrastructure systems, that can become sources of injury or damage even during smaller earthquakes. By implementing sound, cost-effective mitigation measures, health care facilities can reduce or eliminate seismic risks and ensure that, in the event of an earthquake, they can remain in operation to serve their communities. (Course length: 1 day)
- Flyer Template: FEMA P-767 Flyer Template
- Earthquake Mitigation for Hospitals (FEMA P-767): This PowerPoint presentation can be ordered from the FEMA Publication Warehouse at (800) 480-2520, Monday through Friday, 8:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m. EST.
FEMA P-909 Train-the-Trainer: Home and Business Earthquake Safety and Mitigation
This new training program on structural and non-structural earthquake mitigation has three components: a Train-the-Trainer course, a Home and Business Earthquake Safety and Mitigation course and a Hands-On Interactive Mitigation Demonstration. The goal of the training is to create a cadre of trainers with the ability to provide basic knowledge on earthquakes; along with simple steps toward safety and mitigation in their homes and businesses. The training consists of PowerPoint slides, hands-on demonstration instructions, supply lists, scripts, quiz (and answers), certificates and posters. Audiences include government at all levels, emergency managers, first responders, businesses, volunteer community groups and all others interested in leading an earthquake safety presentation.
IS-325 Earthquake Basics: Science, Risk, and Mitigation
This new training is an approximately 30 minute independent study module on the FEMA EMI website, IS-325—Earthquake Basics: Science, Risk and Mitigation. It is an introductory course, targeted to the layperson and offers a Certificate of Completion.
After completing this one-module course, participants should be able to:
- Describe what causes earthquakes
- Differentiate between hazard and vulnerability
- Identify potential vulnerabilities in their homes or businesses
- Take further steps to mitigate their overall risk.
FEMA P-1000 Safer, Stronger, Smarter: A Guide to Improving School Natural Hazard Safety
This training provides guidance on school operations (i.e., what to do before, during, and after an event) and on the physical protection of school facilities (i.e., what can be done to the structure and facility to improve safety). The training also includes some discussion of the FEMA P-1000 supplements, which provide guidance specific to earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, and tsunamis.
FEMA P-1024 Performance of Buildings and Nonstructural Components in the 2014 South Napa Earthquake, and FEMA South Napa Earthquake Recovery Advisories
This training gives an overview of the FEMA P-1024, Performance of Buildings and Nonstructural Components in the 2014 South Napa Earthquake, report that assesses and documents the performance of a population of buildings impacted by the South Napa earthquake and provides a series of recommendations to improve mitigation. The training also includes an overview of the accompanying FEMA South Napa Earthquake Advisories: (1) FEMA P-1024-RA1, South Napa Earthquake Recovery Advisory: Repair of Earthquake-Damaged Masonry Fireplace Chimneys, which recommends best practices for the reconstruction of earthquake-damaged masonry chimneys in one- and two-family dwellings to minimize risk of damage in future earthquakes; and (2) FEMA P-1024-RA2, South Napa Earthquake Recovery Advisory: Earthquake Strengthening of Cripple Walls in Wood-Frame Dwellings, which addresses the earthquake strengthening of cripple walls and foundation anchorage in one- and two-family dwellings supported by elevated concrete foundation systems and cripple walls not taller than approximately seven feet.
Building Code Overview
Building codes are regulations governing design, construction, alteration, and maintenance of structures. They are the foundation for community resilience. This training provides an overview of the building code pertaining to earthquake effects on buildings and underline the importance of code adoption and enforcement. This training also highlights why this information is important to emergency managers, decision makers, and the general public. The webinar is a condensed version of the in-person training.
Improving Earthquake Performance of Manufactured Homes
Recent earthquakes have resulted in poor performance of manufactured homes, indicating that there is much room for improvement. The purpose of this training is to: (1) provide an overview of regulations governing design and construction of manufactured homes and home installation; (2) review relevant performance issues observed in recent earthquakes; and (3) provide available guidance for improved earthquake performance of manufactured homes.