This section contains information about our Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) Post Fire. The purpose of this page is to connect individuals and state, local, and tribal government representatives with the resources they need to implement hazard mitigation measures in their communities after wildfire disasters.
Wildfires can destroy homes, businesses, infrastructure, natural resources, and agriculture. They can also exacerbate secondary hazards and leave areas prone to floods, erosion, and mudflows for many years.
FEMA is now providing mitigation assistance using the HMGP for Fire Management Assistance declarations in fiscal years 2017 and 2018, which covers October 1, 2016, through September 30, 2018. The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 authorizes FEMA to provide HMGP assistance for this specified time period. Typically, HMGP funding is only available following Presidential major disaster declarations.
The HMGP is an all hazards risk reduction grant program administered by applicants including states, federally-recognized tribes, and territories. The purpose of this page is to connect individuals, states, tribes, territories, and local government representatives with the resources they need to implement hazard mitigation measures in their communities. For additional information, visit the HMGP page.
Information for Applicants
States, territories, and federally-recognized tribes with Fire Management Assistance declarations from October 01, 2016, until 11:59pm local time September 30, 2018 are eligible to apply.
The application period is 6 months from the date of applicant funding notification, and extensions may be requested.
Project Types and Location
FEMA encourages the mitigation of wildfire and related hazards such as flood or erosion. However, HMGP is available for the risk reduction of any hazard. Funding will be made available to the declared county or counties. The project may be outside of this area as long as the risk reduction benefits the declared county or counties (e.g., watershed mitigation). If funding cannot be used in these areas, then it may be available statewide. Applicants must detail their respective process, including deadlines, in their HMGP Administrative Plan.
Federally-recognized tribes with land burned in Fire Management Assistance declarations may choose to apply for HMGP assistance as an applicant. Tribal governments may also choose to apply through states as subapplicants. If tribal land is not burned, subapplicant funding may be unavailable since it is prioritized for declared areas.
For additional questions regarding tribal eligibility, please contact your Regional Tribal Liaison.
Fire Management Assistance Designated Areas:
To see a map of the Fire Management Assistance Designated Areas, click the map above.
FEMA will provide a national aggregate calculation based on an average of historical Fire Management Assistance designations from the last 10 years.
The total amount available for HMGP for states and tribal applicants with standard state or tribal hazard mitigation plans will be $425,008 for each declaration and $566,677 for applicants with enhanced state or tribal hazard mitigation plans.
Funding from multiple events shall be aggregated into the first declaration. This will support larger projects, streamlined grants management, and expedited closeout.
This example shows the aggregation of three Fire Management Assistance declarations with standard or enhanced applicant hazard mitigation plans resulting in one grant for $1.2 million or $1.7 million, respectively.
HMGP Post Fire follows current guidance with the following exceptions:
- A Fire Management Assistance declaration rather than a Presidential major disaster declaration activates HMGP assistance.
- Assistance is first available for counties and tribal lands that receive Fire Management Assistance declarations. If these areas cannot use the funding it may be available statewide. Applicants must detail their respective process, with deadlines, in their HMGP Administrative Plan.
- HMGP funding amounts are based on a national aggregate for each Fire Management Assistance declaration and HMGP assistance shall be aggregated under the first declaration.
- There is a 6-month application period from date of applicant (state, territory or federally-recognized tribe) funding notification, and extensions may be requested.
Tools and Resources for Application Development
HMGP Post Fire for fiscal years 2017 and 2018 utilizes the Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) Guidance published in February 2015. Wildfire mitigation projects are detailed in the HMA Guidance Addendum.
For more information, please see the HMGP Post Fire Fact Sheet.
Projects are required to be cost-effective, meaning future benefits must equal or exceed project costs. Typically, cost-effectiveness is analyzed using the Benefit-Cost Analysis (BCA) software toolkit. However, in an effort to streamline the HMA grant application process, FEMA has determined that certain project types (including post-wildfire mitigation) that meet specific criteria are cost-effective. Projects that qualify for these pre-calculated benefits do not require a separate BCA.
Pre-calculated benefits of $5,250 per acre are available for the following post-wildfire mitigation project types:
- Soil stabilization
- Flood diversion
- Reforestation projects
To use the pre-calculated benefits, the applicant would multiply the number of acres being mitigated by the total benefits per acre. For example, if the project is to provide ground cover, soil stabilization, and replanting for 1,000 acres, then 1,000 x $5,250 = $5,250,000 in project benefits. If the total project cost is less than or equal to the project benefits, then the project is determined to be cost-effective and no separate BCA is required.
If the pre-calculated benefits are not enough to cover the activities that the applicant or subapplicant wishes to implement, the BCA Toolkit can be used to perform a BCA.
FEMA is partnering with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineer’s Silver Jackets Team on flood mitigation post fire: http://silverjackets.nfrmp.us/
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's)
Hazard Mitigation Grant Program Post Fire
On October 5, 2018, the Disaster Recovery Reform Act (DRRA) was signed into law. Section 1204 of DRRA amended Section 404, authorizing FEMA to provide HMGP assistance for hazard mitigation measures that substantially reduce the risk of future damage, hardship, loss, or suffering in any area affected by a major disaster, or any area affected by a fire for which assistance was provided under section 420. As a result, FEMA established the parameters and defined the criteria to implement the HMGP Post Fire program.
Q1: Who is eligible to apply for these funds?
A1: States and territories that have received an FMAG declaration are eligible to apply for HMGP Post Fire assistance. Federally-recognized tribes with burned land may apply to FEMA as applicants after an
FMAG declaration has been made to the state or territory. They are also eligible to apply as subapplicants to a state. Local governments should apply as subapplicants to their respective state. All applicants must have a FEMA-approved Hazard Mitigation Plan to receive HMGP Post Fire funding. Events after October 5, 2018, are eligible to apply for HMGP Post Fire grants.
Q2: What is the application period?
A2: FEMA will send a formal funding notification letter to eligible applicant outlining the dates of the application period for Fiscal Year 2019. The application period opens with the first FMAG declaration of the fiscal year and ends six months after the end the fiscal year. Two 90-day application extensions may be requested.
Q3: What project types are eligible for HMGP Post Fire assistance?
A3: FEMA encourages the use of HMGP Post Fire to mitigate wildfire and related hazards, such as flood or erosion. However, HMGP Post Fire is available for the risk reduction of any hazard. The projectmay be outside of the burned area as long as the risk reduction benefits the declared county or counties (e.g., watershed mitigation).
- Some eligible wildfire project types are listed below. For further detail, see the Hazard
- Mitigation Assistance Guidance (HMA Guidance), published in February 2015.
- Defensible space measures: The creation of perimeters around residential and non-residential buildings and structures through the removal or reduction of flammable vegetation.
- Ignition-resistant construction: The application of non-combustible building envelope assemblies, the use of ignition-resistant materials, and the use of proper retrofit techniques in new and existing structures.
- Hazardous fuels reduction: Vegetation management to reduce hazardous fuels, vegetation thinning, and the reduction of flammable materials to protect life and property beyond defensible space perimeters but proximate to at-risk structures.
Q4: Where is funding available?
A4: Counties that receive an FMAG declaration are eligible to apply for funding first. The project may be outside of the declared area as long as the risk reduction benefits the declared county or counties (e.g., watershed mitigation). If funding cannot be used in these areas, for reasons such as Hazard Mitigation Plan status or lack of cost share, it may be available statewide.
Q5: How is funding calculated?
A5: FEMA will provide a national aggregate calculation based on an average of historical Fire Management Assistance Grant (FMAG) designations from the last 10 years. The total HMGP Post Fire funding amount available for each FMAG declaration is $454,432 for applicants with a FEMA-approved standard Hazard Mitigation Plan and $605,909 for applicants with a FEMA-approved enhanced Hazard Mitigation Plan. Visit https://www.fema.gov/hazard-mitigation-plan-status to view the 13 states which have FEMA enhanced plans as of April 2019.
Q6: How does a tribal government become an applicant or subapplicant?
A6: Following an FMAG declaration for a state, a federally-recognized tribe with burned land may apply to FEMA for HMGP Post Fire assistance as an applicant or tribal governments may also apply through states as subapplicants. If tribal land is not burned, subapplicant funding may be unavailable because it is prioritized for declared areas.
Q7: How is funding apportioned for federally-recognized tribes applying to FEMA as recipients?
A7: Funding will be apportioned based on each recipients burned acreage. The apportionment will be calculated based on the amount of each recipient’s burned acreage as a percentage of the allotment to which they are entitled under the FMAG.
Q8: Who has final authority of apportionment determinations?
A8: FEMA Regional Administrators will have final authority on apportionment determinations.
Q9: What guidance is available for applicants?
A9: The applicable guidance is the Hazard Mitigation Assistance Guidance (HMA Guidance),
published in February 2015. It can be accessed at www.fema.gov/medialibrary/assets/documents/103279.
Q10: What additional resources are available?
A10: The following websites are resources for Applicants:
- HMGP Post Fire: www.fema.gov/hazard-mitigation-grant-program-post-fire
- FEMA HMA: www.fema.gov/hazard-mitigation-assistance
- FEMA Mitigation Planning Program: www.fema.gov/hazard-mitigation-planning
- Mitigation Ideas: A Resource for Reducing Risk to Natural Hazards: www.fema.gov/medialibrary/assets/documents/30627
- State Hazard Mitigation Officers (SHMOs): www.fema.gov/state-hazard-mitigation-officers