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Hazard Mitigation Assistance Publications

This page hosts all Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) documents by eligible project activity.  The information will be updated as new documents are created or as outdated documents become archived. For reference as to what activities are eligible, please visit the eligible activities chart.

Looking for additional documents? Please visit the Hazard Mitigation Assistance Collection of Documents page.

Acquisition

TitleDescription
Acquisition and Demolition Job Aid

The purpose of this Job Aid is to help communities applying for Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grants understand the documentation needed to meet eligibility requirements and comply with Environmental Planning and Historic Preservation (EHP) regulations for Acquisition/Demolition. This Job Aid provides the application information necessary for Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to determine feasibility and effectiveness, cost effectiveness, and potential impacts a proposed project may have on environmental and cultural resources.

Acquisition and Relocation Job Aid

The purpose of this Job Aid is to help communities applying for Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grants understand the documentation needed to meet eligibility requirements and comply with Environmental Planning and Historic Preservation (EHP) regulations for Acquisition/Relocation. This Job Aid provides the application information necessary for Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to determine feasibility and effectiveness, cost effectiveness, and potential impacts a proposed project may have on environmental and cultural resources.

Acquisition and Demolition Supplement No. E1.1

The purpose of this Job Aid is to help communities applying for Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grants understand the documentation needed to meet eligibility requirements and comply with Environmental Planning and Historic Preservation (EHP) regulations for Acquisition/Demolition. This Job Aid provides the application information necessary for Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to determine feasibility and effectiveness, cost effectiveness, and potential impacts a proposed project may have on environmental and cultural resources.

Acquisition and Relocation Supplement No. E1.2

The purpose of this Job Aid is to help communities applying for Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grants understand the documentation needed to meet eligibility requirements and comply with Environmental Planning and Historic Preservation (EHP) regulations for Acquisition/Relocation. This Job Aid provides the application information necessary for Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to determine feasibility and effectiveness, cost effectiveness, and potential impacts a proposed project may have on environmental and cultural resources.

Acquisition Technical Supplement No. T1.1

The purpose of this Job Aid is to help communities applying for Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grants understand the documentation needed to meet eligibility requirements and comply with Environmental Planning and Historic Preservation (EHP) regulations for Acquisition/Demolition and Acquisition/Relocation. This Job Aid provides the application information necessary for Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to determine feasibility and effectiveness, cost effectiveness, and potential impacts a proposed project may have on environmental and cultural resources.

Procedures for Developing SOWs for the Acquisition and Relocation of Floodprone StructuresProvides guidance for FEMA mitigation grant program Applicants, including how to collect the administrative and technical data FEMA requires as part of the grant review and approval process for property acquisition or relocation projects.
ICC Assignment of Coverage D Form, National Flood Insurance ProgramMemorandum for adjusters' responsibilities for assignment of Coverage D, Increased Cost of Compliance.
Notice of Voluntary Interest – Multiple OwnersSign-up sheet for multiple owners to acquire a property for open space purposes.
Notice of Voluntary Interest – Single OwnerSign-up sheet for a single owner to acquire a property for open space purposes.
Property Acquisition Handbook for Local Communities A "how to" guide to help communities work through one specific hazard mitigation alternative known as property acquisition (also referred to as "buyout").
Statement of Voluntary Participation for Acquisition of Property for Purpose of Open Space (FF 81-112)FEMA Form 81-112 stating the seller voluntarily sells property for open space purposes.
Sample Engineering Case Study: AcquisitionThe engineering case studies describe the general type of information that a subapplicant should submit in a project Scope of Work and Cost Estimate for property acquisition.
Environmental and Historic Preservation (EHP) Fact Sheet: Property Acquisition and Structure Demolition for Open SpaceThis 2-page fact sheet covers property acquisition projects and EHP review. It discusses considerations for an EHP review and the timeline, and contains a checklist of project information that FEMA requires to complete an EHP review of a property acquisition project.
Consideration of Environmental Benefits in the Evaluation of Acquisition Projects under the Hazard Mitigation Programs The purpose of this policy is to identify and quantify the types of environmental benefits that FEMA will consider in the BCA for acquisition projects.
Severe Repetitive Loss Model Mitigation OfferFormal offer of assistance for a Severe Repetitive Loss (SRL) property once the Grant has been awarded.  Document walks local government official and homeowner through SRL award formalization.
FEMA 551, Selecting Appropriate Mitigation Measures for Floodprone Structures, March 2007Provides guidance on how to interpret data collected with the National Flood Mitigation Data Collection Tool and other sources to develop detailed proposals for flood mitigation projects.
FEMA P-312, Homeowner's Guide to Retrofitting, 3rd Edition, June 2014This guide explains to homeowners how they can protect their homes from flooding. Homeowners need clear information about the options available and straightforward guidance that will help them make decisions.
Homeowner’s Guide to the Hazard Mitigation Grant ProgramAnswers some common questions homeowners have about implementing post-disaster projects that reduce future damage to homes.

All Hazards

TitleDescription
Benefit-Cost Analysis Tools for Drought, Ecosystem Services, and Post-Wildfire Mitigation for Hazard Mitigation Assistance

The purpose of this policy clarification is to explain benefit-cost analysis tools to calculate benefits for drought mitigation, ecosystem service, and pre-calculated benefits for cost effectiveness evaluation of soil stabilization, flood diversion, and reforestation projects in wildfire impacted areas to support expedient implementation of post-wildfire mitigation actions.

Benefit-Cost Analysis Data Documentation Template:  Riverine Limited Data ModuleThis is used to assist benefit-cost (BC) analysts in recording the data and methodologies utilized in Damage Frequency Assessment (DFA) Benefit-Cost Analyses (BCAs).
BCA Reference GuideProvides BCA software users with an overview of the grant programs, application development, benefits and costs, and the location of BCA
Supplement to the BCA Reference GuideThe purpose of the guide is to supplement the information regarding the FEMA BCA software Version 4.5.5 with additional guidance on performing a BCA using the DFA and Flood modules.
BCA ChecklistChecklist of what needs to be provided to conduct a BCA for a project.
Benefit-Cost Analysis Data Documentation Template: Flood Mitigation Engineering Data Analysis Methodology This data documentation template is designed to assist BC analysts in recording the data and methodologies utilized in BCAs.
2006 Guidelines for Benefit-Cost AnalysisProvides information about how to perform BCAs and provide proper documentation.
BCA Tool Version 5.3.0The Benefit Cost Analysis Tool version 5.3.0, released on January 10, 2017, replaces previous versions of the BCA Tool and is available for use to demonstrate cost-effectiveness for FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grant programs.
Ecosystem Service Benefits Calculator

This Ecosystem Services Benefit Cost Calculator can used to calculate benefits for applicable projects under the Hazard Mitigation Assistance programs. This PDF file is intended to help users view the content of the Ecosystem Services Benefit Cost Calculator without the Excel software. If you require the Microsoft Excel version of the calculator, or if you have any questions on details of the Benefit Cost Analysis (BCA), contact the BCA Helpline at 1-855-540-6744 or bchelpline@fema.dhs.gov.

Aquifer Storage and Recovery Benefit Cost Analysis Calculator Tool

This Aquifer Storage and Recovery Benefit Cost Analysis Calculator Tool can be used to perform the benefit cost analysis of an Aquifer Storage and Recovery project under the Hazard Mitigation Assistance programs.  This PDF file is intended to help users view the content of the Aquifer Storage and Recovery Benefit Cost Calculator without the Excel software. If you require the Microsoft Excel version of the calculator, or if you have any questions on details of the Benefit Cost Analysis (BCA), contact the BCA Helpline at 1-855-540-6744 or bchelpline@fema.dhs.gov.

Methodology for Aquifer Storage and Recovery Benefit Cost Analysis

Methodology for the Aquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR) project Benefit Cost Analysis (BCA) and application of the ASR BCA Tool.  

Supplemental Guidance for Conducting a Benefit Cost Analysis for Floodplain and Stream Restoration Projects

Supplemental guidance for conducting a benefit cost analysis for a Floodplain and Stream Restoration project under the hazard Mitigation Assistance programs.

Supplemental Guidance for Conducting a Benefit Cost Analysis for Flood Diversion and Storage Projects

Supplemental guidance for conducting a benefit cost analysis for a Flood Diversion and Storage project under the Hazard Mitigation Assistance programs.

Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) Tool for Identifying Duplication of BenefitsThis guide provides instruction on what constitutes duplication of benefits in the use of Hazard Mitigation Assistance funds for property mitigation.  It give direction regarding verification processes and actions that can be taken to ensure that duplications of benefits does not occur.
Quarterly Progress Report FAQsFrequently asked questions about Quarterly Progress Report requirements and the submission process.
HMA Procurement StandardsThis job aid describes the procurement standards for non-Federal entities that obtain property and services under an HMA Federal award.
Closeout Toolkit: Hazard Mitigation Grant Program Subaward Closeout FAQsThis document answers common questions about FEMA’s subaward closeout process and highlights the roles and responsibilities of FEMA and the Recipient during closeout.
Closeout Toolkit: Hazard Mitigation Grant Program Management Costs Closeout FAQsThis document answers FAQs regarding the management costs closeout process and highlights the roles and responsibilities of FEMA and the Recipient.
Closeout Toolkit: Checklist for Hazard Mitigation Grant Program SubawardsThis document explains the subaward closeout process.
eGrants Subgrant Applicant Quick Reference Guide (QRG)This guide focuses specifically on the information needed to navigate through the activities associated with creating, managing, and submitting subgrant applications.
Grant Applicant Quick Reference Guide to Mitigation eGrants System (QRG)This is a guide to the Mitigation Electronic Grants (eGrants) management system for Grant Applicants.
MT eGrants Internal System Quick Reference Guide (QRG)A quick reference guide for FEMA users on how to use the MT eGrants Internal system.
MT eGrants Frequently Asked Questions for Subgrant Applicant UsersFrequently asked questions for subgrant Applicant users of MT eGrants system.
MT eGrants FAQs for Grant Applicant UsersFrequently asked questions for Grant Applicant users of MT eGrants system.
 eGrants Frequently Asked Questions for Internal UsersMost frequently asked questions from eGrants Internal (FEMA) users and responses.
NEPA Flow Chart for HMA ProjectsThe flowchart illustrates the decisions that must be made to determine the appropriate National Environmental Policy Act documentation to be prepared once it is determined there is a Federal action.
Section 106 Process under the National Historic Preservation ActSimplified flowchart of the Section 106 process for a non-technical reader to get a project funded.
HMA EHP at-a-Glance Guide: Project Planning with Considerations for EHP ComplianceGuide that provides users with an easy “at-a-glance” summary of those resource conditions typically encountered in Application Development and the associated complexity of the FEMA environmental and historic preservation (EHP) compliance responsibilities.
HMA EHP Resources at-a-Glance Guide: A Practical Guide to Environmental & Historic Preservation Laws, Rules, and ToolsThis guide provides users with an easy “at-a-glance” summary of laws, regulations, and executive orders that are typically encountered in Application Development, and to identify readily available resource data that provide further information.
8-Step Decision Making Process for Floodplain Management Considerations and Protection of WetlandsFlowchart of the 8-step EHP decision-making process.
Second Appeal Job Aid for the Hazard Mitigation Grant ProgramThis job aid describes the HMGP second appeals process set forth in 44 CFR Part 206.440, Appeals. The second appeals provision gives an eligible Applicant, subapplicant, or non-Federal entity the right to dispute monetary or programmatic determinations of a previous decision.
Program Administration by States (PAS) Pilot FAQsFrequently asked questions about the program that was established as a result of Superstorm Sandy to create a more streamlined Grant approval process, allowing communities to get the hazard mitigation funds they need faster.
FY15 Hazard Mitigation Assistance GuidanceThis guidance outlines strategies for the mitigation process by interpreting the Federal statutes, regulations, and best practices. It explains each mitigation grant program.
FY15 HMA Guidance AddendumThis document supplements the information provided in the FY15 HMA Guidance.
FY15 HMA Guidance Fact SheetThis document provides general information on the updates in the FY15 HMA Guidance.
Strategic Funds Management FAQsProcess for obligating HMGP funding based on a subrecipient’s schedule to execute the eligible work. Strategic Funds Management is designed to provide incremental funding for eligible activities when funds are required.
Strategic Funds Management - Entering Projects into NEMISThis job aid will assist Recipients in entering Strategic Funds Management projects into NEMIS.
Strategic Funds Management Implementation Guide for HMGPThis implementation guide will assist in incorporating Strategic Funds Management into Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) projects.
Hazard Mitigation Assistance Program DigestThe HMA Program Digest is a brief summary of the basic HMA program elements.
HMGP Advance Assistance Pilot Optional ApplicationSection 1104 of the Sandy Recovery Improvement Act (SRIA) authorizes the use of Advance Assistance, which allows advancing up to 25 percent of the HMGP ceiling or $10 million to Applicants/subapplicants (whichever is less) to accelerate the implementation of the HMGP.
Hazard Mitigation Assistance TrifoldBrochure that describes what the different HMA grant programs provide and the roles of local communities, States, territories, tribes, FEMA, and home and business owners.
The Hazard Mitigation Assistance Grant ProgramsBrochure that describes the different HMA programs, cost sharing, eligible applicants, subapplicants, activities, management costs, and application process.
Worksheet for Preparing to Develop the Scope of a ProjectWorksheet to develop the scope of a project to apply for an HMA grant.
Building Partnerships to Reduce Hazard Risks: Tips for Community Officials, Colleges and UniversitiesDiscusses how communities and institutions of higher education can collaborate with each other to improve risk management and the benefits of partnership.
Federally-Recognized Tribes and Hazard Mitigation Grant Program – Option to Submit as an Applicant or SubapplicantThis job aid explains that after the amendments to the SRIA, federally-recognized tribes are allowed to directly request disaster declarations from the Federal government.
Resilience and Climate Change AdaptationDescribes how resilience and climate change adaptation are related to hazard mitigation, and how mitigation grant programs can support community resilience by funding hazard mitigation projects for States, local communities, tribes, and territories to reduce or eliminate potential losses from climate change.
ASCE/SEI 7, Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other StructuresASCE 7 and SEI standards, committee schedule, and members.
Building a Disaster-Resistant UniversityThis document is a how-to guide and a distillation of what has been learned from the six universities and colleges across the country that have been working to become more disaster-resistant. It contains the basic information designed for institutions to become more disaster-resistant.
Hazard Mitigation Assistance Cost Share GuideThis guide presents a brief overview to help Grant Applicants make cost share decisions and meet Federal cost share requirements in the context of HMA grant programs.
Hazard Mitigation Grant Program Desk Reference, October 1999This desk reference provides comprehensive information about FEMA's HMGP, and also attempts to increase awareness of the program and encourage deeper commitments and responsibilities of the States to reduce damage and losses from natural disasters.
Hazard Mitigation Grant Program TrifoldThis brochure provides background information on the HMGP. It describes the purpose, funding, and eligible activities under HMGP.
Mitigation Ideas: A Resource for Reducing Risk to Natural HazardsCommunities can use this resource to identify and evaluate a range of potential mitigation actions for reducing risk to natural hazard and disasters.  It is intended to be a starting point for gathering ideas and should not be used as the only source for identifying mitigation actions.
Unified Federal Review Frequently Asked QuestionsThese FAQs cover the Unified Federal Environmental and Historic Preservation Review Process. FAQ categories include the process, requirements, and implementation.
Unified Federal Environmental and Historic Preservation Review Guide For Federal Disaster Recovery Assistance ApplicantsThis 60-page guide summarizes the typical EHP process for disaster recovery projects and assists the user with preparing and gathering information FEMA requires for an EHP review.
Unified Federal Review Guidance for EHP Practitioners (Practitioner Guidance)This 80-page guide provides Unified Federal Review guidance for EHP practitioners to establish a consistent process and best practices for the EHP review of proposed disaster recovery projects. It will help the practitioner build relationships and expedite the EHP review of projects.
NEMIS-MT Frequently Asked Questions:This document covers FAQs on the NEMIS-MT module that is used to administer program information and Grant Applications for HMGP.
NEMIS-MT Module (HMGP) User ManualThis user manual provides instructions on how to use the NEMIS-MT system to administer program information and Grant Applications for HMGP.
International Building Code (IBC), 2015 editionIBC provides comprehensive insight into the regulations surrounding the design and installation of building systems.
Using Contract Support for the Development of Hazard Mitigation Assistance Grant ApplicationsThis document presents eight common Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) application development scenarios and provides guidelines to address procurement issues related to non-Federal entity use of contracted support for the development of HMA application elements.
EHP ChecklistThis checklist provides questions that indicates an environmental regulation or statute may apply to a project.
Historic Preservation Responsibilities and Program RequirementsThis document explains the prepared package of documents regarding Directive 108-1 that assist with compliance with EHP and making the approach consistent with DHS policy.
108-1 Directive Implementation - Instruction on Implementation of the Environmental Planning and Historic Preservation Responsibilities and Program RequirementsThis instruction provides guidance and policy direction for implementation of the National Environmental Policy Act and other environmental planning and historic preservation requirements across FEMA.

Earthquake

TitleDescription
FEMA Benefit-Cost Analysis Re-engineering (BCAR) Earthquake Non-Structural Full Data Module Methodology ReportThis BCAR report is intended for interested BCA users to review and understand the methodology behind FEMA's Earthquake Non-Structural Full Data BCA Module.

Elevation

TitleDescription
Elevation Job Aid

The purpose of this Job Aid is to help communities applying for Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grants understand the documentation needed to meet eligibility requirements and comply with Environmental Planning and Historic Preservation (EHP) regulations for Elevation. This Job Aid provides the application information necessary for Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to determine feasibility and effectiveness, cost effectiveness, and potential impacts a proposed project may have on environmental and cultural resources.

Elevation Supplement No. E1.3

The purpose of this Job Aid is to help communities applying for Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grants understand the documentation needed to meet eligibility requirements and comply with Environmental Planning and Historic Preservation (EHP) regulations for Elevation. This Job Aid provides the application information necessary for Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to determine feasibility and effectiveness, cost effectiveness, and potential impacts a proposed project may have on environmental and cultural resources.

Elevation Technical Supplement No. T1.3

The purpose of this Job Aid is to help communities applying for Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grants understand the documentation needed to meet eligibility requirements and comply with Environmental Planning and Historic Preservation (EHP) regulations for Elevation. This Job Aid provides the application information necessary for Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to determine feasibility and effectiveness, cost effectiveness, and potential impacts a proposed project may have on environmental and cultural resources.

ICC Assignment of Coverage D Form, National Flood Insurance ProgramMemorandum for adjusters' responsibilities for assignment of Coverage D, Increased Cost of Compliance.
Severe Repetitive Loss Model Mitigation OfferFormal offer of assistance for a Severe Repetitive Loss (SRL) property once the Grant has been awarded.  Document walks local government official and homeowner through SRL award formalization.
FEMA 551, Selecting Appropriate Mitigation Measures for Floodprone Structures, March 2007Provides guidance on how to interpret data collected with the National Flood Mitigation Data Collection Tool and other sources to develop detailed proposals for flood mitigation projects.
FEMA P-312, Homeowner's Guide to Retrofitting, 3rd Edition, June 2014This guide explains to homeowners how they can protect their homes from flooding. Homeowners need clear information about the options available and straightforward guidance that will help them make decisions.
Homeowner’s Guide to the Hazard Mitigation Grant ProgramAnswers some common questions homeowners have about implementing post-disaster projects that reduce future damage to homes.
FEMA Technical Bulletin 5, Free-of-Obstruction Requirements, 2008Provides guidance on the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) regulations concerning obstructions to flood waters below elevated buildings and on building sites in Coastal High Hazard Areas (Zones V, VE, and V1-V30).
FEMA Technical Bulletin 9, Design and Construction Guidance for Breakaway Walls Below Elevated Coastal BuildingsProvides guidance on the NFIP regulations concerning the design and construction of breakaway walls beneath elevated buildings in Coastal High Hazard Areas (Zones V, VE, and V1-V30).
Pilot Activity: Elevated Foundation Systems under the HMGP for Hurricane SandyThis policy describes Elevated Foundation Systems, a new mitigation activity type available under HMGP that will assist in the recovery from the devastating effects of Hurricane Sandy and help create more resilient and sustainable communities.
FAQs: Elevated Foundation Systems under the HMGP for Hurricane SandyAnswers frequently asked questions about the Elevated Foundation System pilot policy, and sets eligibility parameters for this new mitigation activity type available under HMGP for States with hurricane Sandy declarations.
FEMA P-550, Recommended Residential Construction for Coastal Areas: Building on Strong and Safe Foundations, 2nd Edition, December 2009Provides recommended foundation designs and guidance for rebuilding homes destroyed by hurricanes in coastal areas. It also contains guidance for designing and building safer and less vulnerable homes to reduce the risk to life and property.
Environmental and Historic Preservation (EHP) Fact Sheet: Structure Elevation ProjectsThis 2-page fact sheet covers structure elevation projects and EHP review. It discusses considerations for an EHP review and timeframes, and contains a checklist of project information that FEMA requires to complete an EHP review of a structure elevation project.
Incorporating Sea Level Rise (SLR) into Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) Benefit Cost-AnalysisFrequently asked questions about incorporating Sea Level Rise into Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) BCAs.
FEMA P-259, Engineering Principles and Practices of Retrofitting Floodprone Residential Structures, 3rd Edition, January 2012Engineering design and economic guidance on what constitutes feasible and cost-effective retrofitting measures for floodprone residential and non-residential structures are presented. Elevation, relocation, dry floodproofing, wet floodproofing, and the use of levees and floodwalls to mitigate flood hazards are discussed.
Model Acknowledgement of Conditions for Mitigation of a Property in a Special Flood Hazard AreaModel agreement that a property meets regulations for mitigation in a Special Flood Hazard Area.
Procedures for Developing SOWs for the Elevation of Floodprone StructuresProvides assistance for developing appropriate scopes of work to Applicants applying for FEMA mitigation grants for elevation projects.
Increased Cost of Compliance Coverage Fact SheetThis fact sheet explains how increased cost of compliance (ICC) coverage works, who is eligible, how it meets compliance standards, and how to use it in concert with the mitigation grants.
FEMA Form 086-0-33, NFIP Elevation Certificate, Revised July 2015This should be used to provide elevation information necessary to ensure compliance with community floodplain management ordinances, to determine the proper insurance premium rate, or support a request for a Letter of Map Amendment (LOMA) or a Letter of Map Revision based on Fill (LOMR-F).
Hurricane Sandy Recovery Advisory #7, Reducing Flood Risk and Flood Insurance Premiums for Existing Residential Buildings in Zone AInformation in this advisory is for residential property owners interested in reducing flood risk and NFIP flood insurance premiums for existing residential buildings located in Zone A.
FEMA Technical Bulletin 1, Openings in Foundation Walls and Walls of Enclosures, 2008Provides guidance on the NFIP regulations concerning the requirement for openings in below-Base Flood Elevation foundation walls and walls of enclosures for buildings located in Zones A, AE, A1-A30, AR, AO, and AH.
Sample Engineering Case Study: ElevationFocuses on the types of information and data needed to ensure completeness of the project application sections affecting engineering feasibility for Elevation projects.
Guidance for Applying ASCE 24 Engineering Standards to HMA Flood Retrofitting and Reconstruction Projects, November 2013This document addresses the full range of structures—residential and non-residential—that are eligible for project assistance consideration under FEMA’s HMA program and provides guidance on how ASCE 24 should be applied to structure elevation, dry floodproofing, and mitigation reconstruction projects in flood hazard areas.
Highlights of ASCE/SEI 24-14, Flood Resistant Design and Construction, 2014States the minimum requirements and expected performance for the siting, design, and construction of buildings and structures in flood hazard areas that are subject to building code requirements.
FEMA P-55, Coastal Construction Manual Volume II, 4th Edition, August 2011Volume II is an in-depth descriptions of design, construction, and maintenance practices that, when followed, will increase the durability of residential buildings in the harsh coastal environment and reduce economic losses associated with coastal natural disasters.
National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), Floodplain Management Bulletin: Historic Structures, FEMA P-467-2This floodplain management bulletin explains how the NFIP defines “historic structure” and how it provides relief to historic structures from having to comply with NFIP floodplain management requirements (44 CFR §60.3). This bulletin also provides guidance on mitigation measures that can be taken to minimize the devastating effects of flooding on historic structures.
International Code Council, Reducing Flood Losses Through the International Codes, 4th Edition, 2014This document helps State and local officials integrate theI-Codes into current floodplain regulatory processes related to structures, buildings, and other development in order to meet the requirements to participate in the NFIP.

Flood Projects (all flood based activities are grouped here)

TitleDescription
FEMA 551, Selecting Appropriate Mitigation Measures for Floodprone Structures, March 2007Provides guidance on how to interpret data collected with the National Flood Mitigation Data Collection Tool and other sources to develop detailed proposals for flood mitigation projects.
Aquifer Storage and Recovery Fact SheetThis document provides general information to support developing Aquifer Storage and Recovery projects.
Aquifer Storage and Recovery Job AidThis Job Aid is a tool to support developing Aquifer Storage & Recovery (ASR) projects by providing a checklist of information to include in an ASR project application to support the technical feasibility and effectiveness, and environmental and historic preservation evaluation.
Aquifer Storage and Recovery Supplemental

This supplemental document is a tool to provide more detailed information on the ASR projects by providing a description of the information needed, potential resources, and examples.

Analyzing the Dam Failure Hazard in the HMA: BCAThis document clarifies that any long-term flood hazard mitigation measures, including major flood risk reduction projects such as construction, demolition, and repair of dams, are eligible for consideration under the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) and Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) program.
Reducing Flood Risk to Residential Buildings That Cannot Be ElevatedThis publication (FEMA P-1037) describes alternative mitigation measures intended for a variety of housing types that cannot feasibly be elevated.
FEMA P-936, Floodproofing Non-Residential Buildings, July 2013This guidance is on dry floodproofing technologies for non-residential buildings, but it also includes an overview of other techniques, including wet floodproofing and the use of levees and floodwalls. The publication contains information about regulatory requirements, design considerations, and descriptions of floodproofing methods and equipment.
NFIP Technical Bulletin (TB) 3-93, Non-Residential Floodproofing—Requirements and CertificationDescribes design, construction, and planning requirements for the floodproofing of non-residential buildings under the NFIP regulations and how to correctly complete the NFIP’s Floodproofing Certificate for Non-Residential Structures form.
Flood Diversion and Storage Fact SheetThis document provides general information to support developing Flood Diversion and Storage projects.
Flood Diversion and Storage Job Aid

This Job Aid is a tool to support developing Flood Diversion & Storage (FDS) projects by providing a checklist of information to include in an FDS project application to support the technical feasibility and effectiveness, and environmental and historic preservation evaluation.

Flood Diversion and Storage Supplemental

This supplemental document is a tool to provide more detailed information on the FDS projects by providing a description of the information needed, potential resources, and examples. 

Flood Risk Reduction Job Aid

The purpose of this Job Aid is to help communities applying for Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grants understand the documentation needed to meet eligibility requirements and comply with Environmental Planning and Historic Preservation (EHP) regulations for Flood Risk Reduction. This Job Aid provides the application information necessary for Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to determine feasibility and effectiveness, cost effectiveness, and potential impacts a proposed project may have on environmental and cultural resources.

Flood Risk Reduction Supplement No. E1.4

The purpose of this Job Aid is to help communities applying for Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grants understand the documentation needed to meet eligibility requirements and comply with Environmental Planning and Historic Preservation (EHP) regulations for Flood Risk Reduction. This Job Aid provides the application information necessary for Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to determine feasibility and effectiveness, cost effectiveness, and potential impacts a proposed project may have on environmental and cultural resources.

Flood Risk Reduction Techniccal Supplement No. T1.4

The purpose of this Job Aid is to help communities applying for Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grants understand the documentation needed to meet eligibility requirements and comply with Environmental Planning and Historic Preservation (EHP) regulations for Flood Risk Reduction. This Job Aid provides the application information necessary for Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to determine feasibility and effectiveness, cost effectiveness, and potential impacts a proposed project may have on environmental and cultural resources.

Floodplain and Stream Restoration Fact SheetThis document provides general information to support developing Floodplain and Stream Restoration projects.
Floodplain and Stream Restoration Job Aid

This Job Aid is a tool to support developing Floodplain & Stream Restoration (FSR) projects by providing a checklist of information to include in an FSR project application to support the technical feasibility and effectiveness, and environmental and historic preservation evaluation.

Floodplain and Stream Restoration Supplemental

This supplemental document is a tool to provide more detailed information on the FSR projects by providing a description of the information needed, potential resources, and examples. 

Green Infrastructure Methods Fact SheetThis document provides general information to support developing Green Infrastructure Methods projects.
Environmental and Historic Preservation (EHP) Fact Sheet: CulvertsThis 2-page fact sheet covers culverts and EHP review. It discusses considerations for an EHP review and the timeline, and contains a checklist of project information that FEMA requires to complete an EHP review of a culvert project.
Benefit-Cost Analysis Data Documentation Template: Flood This is used to assist BC analysts in recording the data and methodologies utilized in flood mitigation BCAs.
FEMA 549, Mitigation Assessment Team Report: Hurricane Katrina in the Gulf Coast, July 2006This document details the Mitigation Assessment Team's observations, conclusions, and recommendations as a result of field investigations based on Hurricane Katrina's impact in Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi in 2005.
Floodplain Management Bulletin: Historic StructuresThis bulletin explains how the NFIP treats historic structures in the floodplain and identifies mitigation measures that can be taken to protect historic structures from floods.
FEMA 489, Mitigation Assessment Team Report: Hurricane Ivan in Alabama and Florida, August 2005This document details the Mitigation Assessment Team's observations, conclusions, and recommendations as a result of field investigations based on Hurricane Ivan's impact in Alabama and Florida in 2004.
Environmental and Historic Preservation (EHP) Fact Sheet: Minor Localized Flood Reduction and Drainage Improvement ProjectsThis 2-page fact sheet covers minor localized flood reduction and drainage improvement projects and EHP review. It discusses considerations for an EHP review and the timeline, and contains a checklist of project information that FEMA requires to complete an EHP review of a flood reduction and drainage improvement project.
Procedures for Developing SOWs for a Drainage/Stormwater Management ProjectProvides guidance for FEMA mitigation grant program Applicants on collecting the administrative and technical data FEMA requires as part of the grant review and approval process for drainage and stormwater management projects.
Climate Resilient Mitigation Activities –  Floodplain and Stream RestorationFocuses on floodplain and stream restoration projects implemented using green infrastructure methods as much as possible to address drought mitigation and climate change resilience in addition to reducing flood risk. Discusses project design, implementation, benefits, cost effectiveness, and environmental and historic preservation considerations.

Hazard Mitigation Planning

TitleDescription

Guidance is provided to assist in the development of a strong, comprehensive planning grant subapplication. October  2017

State Mitigation Plan Review Guide Fact Sheet (March 2015)In March 2015, FEMA announced the release of the State Mitigation Plan Review Guide. The Guide is FEMA’s official policy on the natural hazard mitigation planning requirements at 44 CFR Part 201, and FEMA’s interpretation of Federal regulations.
State Mitigation Plan Review Guide Policy FP 302-094-2The purpose of this policy is to facilitate consistent evaluation and approval of state mitigation plans and to help users update plans in compliance with 44 CFR Part 201.
Local Hazard Mitigation Planning Fact SheetThis 2-page fact sheet provides an overview of local hazard mitigation planning under FEMA's National Mitigation Planning Program.
Tribal Mitigation Planning FactsheetThis 2-page fact sheet provides an overview of Indian tribal governments of hazard mitigation planning under FEMA's National Mitigation Planning Program.
State Mitigation Plan Review GuideThis 35-page guide covers FEMA's official policy on interpretation of the natural hazard mitigation planning requirements. It is meant to facilitate consistent evaluation and approval of State mitigation plans, as well as State compliance with requirements.
Local Mitigation Plan Review Guide (English)This 52-page guide is intended to help Federal and State officials assess local mitigation plans in a fair and consistent manner, and ensure approved local mitigation plans meet the requirements of the Stafford Act and 44 CFR.
Local Mitigation Plan Review Guide (Spanish) This 52-page guide is intended to help Federal and State officials assess local mitigation plans in a fair and consistent manner, and ensure approved local mitigation plans meet the requirements of the Stafford Act and 44 CFR.
Tribal Multi-Hazard Mitigation Planning GuidanceThis 100-page guide is meant to assist Indian tribal governments and other tribal entities to identify and assess their risk to natural hazards through FEMA's multi-hazard planning process.
Local Mitigation Planning Handbook (Handbook)This 150-page handbook is a tool for local governments to use in developing or updating a local hazard mitigation plan. It is a companion to the Local Mitigation Plan Review Guide.
Policy for use of Local Mitigation Planning HandbookThis is a 3-page policy memo stating that the Local Mitigation Planning Handbook is the official guide for local governments to develop, update, and implement local mitigation plans to meet the requirements of the Stafford Act and Title 44 CFR §201.6.
Integrating Hazard Mitigation Into Local Planning: Case Studies and Tools for Community Officials (2013)This guide provides succinct and practical information to local government officials on how to best integrate hazard mitigation into the full range of community planning activities.
Fact Sheet #1:  Integrating Mitigation into the Comprehensive Plan - Chapter / Section Number:  Fact Sheet #1This 2-page fact sheet discusses components of local comprehensive plans that provide a framework for the physical design and development of a community over a long-term planning horizon. By integrating hazard mitigation into local comprehensive plans, it establishes resilience as an overarching value of a community and provides an opportunity to continuously manage development in a way that does not lead to increased hazard vulnerability.
Fact Sheet #2:  The Role of Local Leadership - Chapter / Section Number:  Fact Sheet #2This 2-page fact sheet covers ways for community leaders and decision-makers to communicate and promote integrated hazard mitigation solutions.
Fact Sheet #3:  Social and Economic Benefits - Chapter / Section Number:  Fact Sheet #3This 2-page fact sheet explains what makes a community resilient and the benefits of community resilience.
Fact Sheet #4:  Planning for Post-Disaster Redevelopment - Chapter / Section Number:  Fact Sheet #4This 2-page fact sheet lists reasons to plan for long-term recovery before a disaster occurs and how to integrate hazard mitigation into redevelopment plan elements.
Fact Sheet #5:  Protecting Community Infrastructure - Chapter / Section Number:  Fact Sheet #5This-2 page fact sheet explains ways to integrate hazard mitigation concepts into existing community infrastructure plans and projects and why coordination with community planners is important.
Plan Integration: Linking Local Planning Efforts (2015)This 100-page guide is a tool to help communities analyze local plans to document existing integration and further integrate hazard mitigation principles into local planning mechanisms.
Integrating Historic Property and Cultural Resource Considerations Into Hazard Mitigation Planning State and Local Mitigation Planning How-To GuideThis 200-page guide will assist tribes, States, and local governments with integrating historic preservation planning considerations into the hazard mitigation planning process to protect important historic properties and cultural resources from national and manmade hazards.
HMGP Expanded Mitigation Strategies Planning Grant PilotThis document provides detailed guidance on the HMGP Expanded Mitigation Strategies Planning Grant Pilot for eligible HMGP applicants to identify and plan feasible mitigation projects, and incorporate those projects into their local mitigation plans. It is only applicable for specific disasters, and only in the following States:  Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Texas.

Miscellaneous / Other

TitleDescription
Eligibility of Generators as a Fundable Project (HMGP and PDM)This job aid establishes that the purchase and installation of generators for the protection of critical facilities is an eligible, stand-alone project type under the HMGP as well as the PDM, and is no longer limited to the 5 Percent Initiative under HMGP.
Climate Resilient Mitigation Activities –  Green Infrastructure MethodsFocuses on green infrastructure methods for stormwater management and flood control.
FEMA P-347, Above the Flood: Elevating Your Floodprone House, May 2000Shows how floodprone houses in south Florida were elevated above the 100-year flood level following Hurricane Andrew. Alternative elevation techniques are also demonstrated.
Procedures for Developing SOWs for Protective Measures Retrofit Projects for Utility, Water, and Sanitary Systems and InfrastructureProvides guidance for FEMA mitigation grant program Applicants on collecting the administrative and technical data FEMA requires as part of the grant review and approval process for infrastructure retrofit projects.

Mitigation Reconstruction

TitleDescription
ICC Assignment of Coverage D Form, National Flood Insurance ProgramMemorandum for adjusters' responsibilities for assignment of Coverage D, Increased Cost of Compliance.
FEMA 551, Selecting Appropriate Mitigation Measures for Floodprone Structures, March 2007Provides guidance on how to interpret data collected with the National Flood Mitigation Data Collection Tool and other sources to develop detailed proposals for flood mitigation projects.
FEMA P-312, Homeowner's Guide to Retrofitting, 3rd Edition, June 2014This guide explains to homeowners how they can protect their homes from flooding. Homeowners need clear information about the options available and straightforward guidance that will help them make decisions.

Non-Structural Retrofitting

TitleDescription
FEMA P-312, Homeowner's Guide to Retrofitting, 3rd Edition, June 2014This guide explains to homeowners how they can protect their homes from flooding. Homeowners need clear information about the options available and straightforward guidance that will help them make decisions.
Homeowner’s Guide to the Hazard Mitigation Grant ProgramAnswers some common questions homeowners have about implementing post-disaster projects that reduce future damage to homes.
Sample Engineering Case Study for Non-Structural Seismic RetrofitThe engineering case studies describe the general type of information that a subapplicant should submit in a Scope of Work and Cost Estimate for seismic non-structural retrofitting projects.
Benefit-Cost Analysis Data Documentation Template: Non-Structural EarthquakeThis is used to assist BC analysts in recording the data and methodologies utilized in seismic non-structural mitigation BCAs.
FEMA 577, Design Guide for Improving Hospital Safety in Earthquakes, Floods, and High Winds: Providing Protection to People and BuildingsPresents state-of-the-art information on the variety of vulnerabilities faced by hospitals exposed to earthquakes, flooding, and high-wind risks, as well as the best ways to mitigate the risk of damage and disruption of hospital operations caused by these events.
Procedures for Developing SOWs for Seismic Structural and Non-Structural Retrofit ProjectsProvides guidance for FEMA mitigation grant program Applicants on collecting the administrative and technical data FEMA requires as part of the grant review and approval process for seismic retrofit projects.
Environmental and Historic Preservation (EHP) Fact Sheet: Structural and Non-Structural Retrofitting of Existing Buildings and FacilitiesThis 2-page fact sheet covers structural and non-structural retrofitting of existing buildings and facilities and EHP review. It discusses considerations for an EHP review and the timeline, and contains a checklist of project information that FEMA requires to complete an EHP review of a structural or non-structural retrofitting project of an existing building or facility.

Saferoom

TitleDescription
Homeowner’s Guide to the Hazard Mitigation Grant ProgramAnswers some common questions homeowners have about implementing post-disaster projects that reduce future damage to homes.
Benefit-Cost Analysis Data Documentation Template: TornadoThis is used to assist BC analysts in recording the data and methodologies utilized in safe room BCAs.
FEMA P-320, Taking Shelter from the Storm: Building a Safe Room for Your Home or Small BusinessThis document helps home- and small business owners assess risk and determine the best type of safe room for their needs.
FEMA P-361, Safe Rooms for Tornadoes and Hurricanes: Guidance for Community and Residential Safe RoomsThis publication presents important information about the design and construction of community and residential safe rooms that will provide protection during tornado and hurricane events.
Environmental and Historic Preservation (EHP) Fact Sheet: Residential and Non-Residential Safe RoomsThis 2-page fact sheet covers residential and non-residential safe rooms and EHP review. It discusses considerations for an EHP review and the timeline, and contains a checklist of project information that FEMA requires to complete an EHP review of a residential or non-residential safe room project.
Environmental and Historic Preservation (EHP) Fact Sheet: Community Safe RoomsThis 2-page fact sheet covers community safe rooms and EHP review. It discusses considerations for an EHP review and the timeline, and contains a checklist of project information that FEMA requires to complete an EHP review of a community safe room project.
Safe Room Project Application Using Pre-Calculated BenefitsFor safe room construction projects, an expedited cost-effectiveness methodology is available that identifies the benefits associated with certain types of safe rooms. This job aid outlines the circumstances in which this methodology can be used and lists the data required in the grant application.

Structural Retrofitting

TitleDescription
FEMA P-312, Homeowner's Guide to Retrofitting, 3rd Edition, June 2014This guide explains to homeowners how they can protect their homes from flooding. Homeowners need clear information about the options available and straightforward guidance that will help them make decisions.
Homeowner’s Guide to the Hazard Mitigation Grant ProgramAnswers some common questions homeowners have about implementing post-disaster projects that reduce future damage to homes.
FEMA P-499, Home Builder’s Guide to Coastal Construction Technical Fact Sheet Series, December 2010These 37 fact sheets provide technical guidance and recommendations concerning the construction of coastal residential buildings. The fact sheets present information aimed at improving the performance of buildings subject to flood and wind forces in coastal environments.
Sample Engineering Case Study for Structural Seismic RetrofitThe engineering case studies focus on the types of information and data needed for structural seismic retrofitting projects to ensure the sections of the project application affecting engineering feasibility are complete.
Benefit-Cost Analysis Data Documentation Template: Structural EarthquakeThis is used to assist BC analysts in recording the data and methodologies utilized in seismic structural mitigation BCAs.
Cost Effectiveness Determination for Residential Hurricane Wind Retrofit MeasuresThis job aid establishes the use of pre-determined benefits to demonstrate the cost-effectiveness of wind retrofit projects that comply with FEMA P-804, Wind Retrofit Guide for Residential Buildings, December 2010.
FEMA P-424, Design Guide for Improving School Safety in Earthquakes, Floods, and High Winds, December 2010Provides design guidance for the protection of school buildings and occupants against natural hazards.
FEMA 543, Design Guide for Improving Critical Facility Safety from Flooding and High Winds, January 2007An overview of the principal planning and design considerations for improving the performance of critical facilities during, and in the aftermath of, flooding and high-wind events. It provides design guidance and practical recommendations for protecting critical facilities and occupants against these natural hazards.
FEMA 577, Design Guide for Improving Hospital Safety in Earthquakes, Floods, and High Winds: Providing Protection to People and BuildingsPresents state-of-the-art information on the variety of vulnerabilities faced by hospitals exposed to earthquakes, flooding, and high-wind risks, as well as the best ways to mitigate the risk of damage and disruption of hospital operations caused by these events.
Procedures for Developing SOWs for Seismic Structural and Non-Structural Retrofit ProjectsProvides guidance for FEMA mitigation grant program Applicants on collecting the administrative and technical data FEMA requires as part of the grant review and approval process for seismic retrofit projects.
Environmental and Historic Preservation (EHP) Fact Sheet: Structural and Non-Structural Retrofitting of Existing Buildings and FacilitiesThis 2-page fact sheet covers structural and non-structural retrofitting of existing buildings and facilities and EHP review. It discusses considerations for an EHP review and the timeline, and contains a checklist of project information that FEMA requires to complete an EHP review of a structural or non-structural retrofitting project of an existing building or facility.

Wildfire

TitleDescription
Benefit-Cost Analysis Data Documentation Template- WildfireThis is used to assist BC analysts in recording the data and methodologies utilized in wildfire mitigation BCAs.

Wind Retrofit

TitleDescription
Benefit-Cost Analysis Data Documentation Template: Hurricane WindThis data documentation template is designed to assist BC analysts in recording the data and methodologies utilized in hurricane mitigation BCAs.
Procedures for Developing SOWs for Wind Retrofit ProjectsProvides guidance for FEMA mitigation grant program Applicants on collecting the administrative and technical data FEMA requires as part of the grant review and approval process for wind retrofit projects.
Sample Engineering Case Study for Wind ShuttersThe engineering case studies describe the general type of information that a subapplicant should submit in a project subapplication's Scope of Work and Cost Estimate for wind shutter projects.
FEMA P-804, Wind Retrofit Guide for Residential Buildings The purpose of this publication is to provide guidance on how to improve the wind resistance of existing residential buildings. Although this guide was developed to support initiatives in the Mississippi and across the Gulf Coast region, the content of this document can serve as guidance in all coastal regions.
Residential Hurricane Wind Retrofits Fact SheetThis fact sheet details information for residential hurricane wind retrofit projects and the guidance that is available.
Last Updated: 
07/18/2018 - 08:46