Flood Insurance

The National Flood Insurance Program provides insurance to help reduce the socio-economic impact of floods.
Illustration of a home in a flood with a health shield
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The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) is managed by the FEMA and is delivered to the public by a network of more than 50 insurance companies and the NFIP Direct.

Floods can happen anywhere — just one inch of floodwater can cause up to $25,000 in damage. Most homeowners insurance does not cover flood damage. Flood insurance is a separate policy that can cover buildings, the contents in a building, or both, so it is important to protect your most important financial assets — your home, your business, your possessions.

The NFIP provides flood insurance to property owners, renters and businesses, and having this coverage helps them recover faster when floodwaters recede. The NFIP works with communities required to adopt and enforce floodplain management regulations that help mitigate flooding effects.

Flood insurance is available to anyone living in one of the almost 23,000 participating NFIP communities. Homes and businesses in high-risk flood areas with mortgages from government-backed lenders are required to have flood insurance.

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For more information about what’s covered and to find a policy visit FloodSmart.gov.

Become a Customer

How to Purchase Flood Insurance

To purchase flood insurance, call your insurance company or insurance agent, the same person who sells your home or auto insurance. If you need help finding a provider go to FloodSmart.gov/flood-insurance-provider or call the NFIP at 877-336-2627.

Plan ahead as there is typically a 30-day waiting period for an NFIP policy to go into effect, unless the coverage is mandated it is purchased as required by a federally backed lender or is related to a community flood map change.


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Become a Seller and Servicer

Work With the NFIP

FEMA administers the NFIP and it is a partnership between the federal government, the property and casualty insurance industry, states, local officials, lending institution, and property owners.

Each year, more than 50 private insurance companies participate in the Write-Your-Own (WYO) program selling and servicing NFIP policies through their insurance agents. 

FEMA retains responsibility for underwriting flood insurance coverage sold under that program and by the NFIP Direct. There are more than five million policyholders nationwide and the NFIP is the nation’s largest single-line insurance program providing nearly $1.3 trillion in coverage against flood.

NFIP Direct

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Flood Insurance Resources

NFIP offers a wide range of publications, videos, graphics and online tools that help policyholders, agents and other servicers navigate the flood insurance process before, during and after disaster.

Digital resources can be downloaded, and certain print publications can be ordered for free using the Publications Order Form.

Find an Insurance Form

Insurance Outreach Publications

Flood Insurance Fact Sheets

Work with the NFIP

We provide reports on the National Flood Insurance Program's (NFIP) financials and offer guidance on conducting daily operations for existing and new NFIP sellers and servicers. Find information on the Write-Your-Own program, reinsurance, NFIP’s pricing approach, plus the Flood Insurance Manual and other tools.

View All Programs and Tools

Understand NFIP Laws and Reform

Congress established the NFIP on August 1, 1968, with the passage of the National Flood Insurance Act (NFIA) of 1968, which has been modified over the years.

Learn about legislative changes to and the future of the National Flood Insurance Program.

See Rules & Legislation

Media Resources

Find resources members of the media can use ahead of flood events. Access the history of the NFIP, facts about the program, information on flooding and flood risk, guidelines for using the logo, and more.

Media Toolkit

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Questions About Policies

Call your agent.

Complex Cases or Issues

Call your agent or reach out to the Office of the Flood Insurance Advocate.

Questions About the NFIP

Contact the Call Center.