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Hazard Mitigation Assistance Grants

FEMA's hazard mitigation assistance provides funding for eligible mitigation measures that reduce disaster losses.

"Hazard mitigation" is any sustainable action that reduces or eliminates long-term risk to people and property from future disasters.

Mitigation planning breaks the cycle of disaster damage, reconstruction and repeated damage. Hazard mitigation includes long-term solutions that reduce the impact of disasters in the future.

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Making Cost-Effectiveness Easier in Hazard Mitigation Assistance Grant Programs

Benefit-Cost Analysis (BCA) is a method that determines the future risk reduction benefits of a hazard mitigation project and compares those benefits to its costs. FEMA is making it easier to demonstrate cost-effectiveness of hazard mitigation projects. We are streamlining the BCA requirements to address a long-standing barrier certain communities—particularly those that are underserved—have had accessing mitigation grants through the Hazard Mitigation Assistance grant programs.

Please review the FEMA Policy: Benefit-Cost Analysis Discount Rate and Streamlined Cost-Effectiveness for HMA and PA Programs. The BCA Toolkit has also been updated to reflect certain changes.

Download the BCA Toolkit

Find Funding for Hazard Mitigation

Which Best Describes Your Project?

Rebuilding my community after a major disaster in a way that reduces future disaster losses.

Hazard Mitigation Assistance Program (HMGP)

Reducing the risk of flood damage to NFIP-insured buildings.

Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA)

Helping my community reduce risks from future disasters and natural hazards.

Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC)

Making my community more resilient after a wildfire disaster.

HMGP Post-Fire Assistance

Implementing one of the 100 Congressional Community Projects that prioritize sustainable & cost-effective measures to reduce risk and/or reliance on federal disaster funding.

Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM)

Find Resources for Applying to & Managing Grants

Hazard Mitigation Assistance Guidance Cover Image

Featured Resource

Access resources to help interpret federal statutes, regulations and best practices about mitigation strategies.

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Community Safe Room: Application Example Document

The following template is intended to help the reader understand the FEMA Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) application process.

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MT eGrants Guide to Eligible Activities and Codes

This job aid provides a list of activities which may be eligible for Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) and Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) project, planning, management costs, and technical assistance subapplications.

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Fact Sheet: Using Ecosystem Service Benefits in the Benefit-Cost Analysis Policy

This fact sheet highlights the ecosystem service benefits in benefit-cost analysis for FEMA Policy 108-024-02 implemented by the agency’s mitigation programs

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Hazard Mitigation Action Portfolio Support Document

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Archived: Partial Implementation of the Federal Flood Risk Management Standard for Hazard Mitigation Assistance Programs (Final)

In alignment with the Executive Order 14030 Climate-Related Financial Risk, which seeks to strengthen the state of nationwide resilience, FEMA is partially implementing the Federal Flood Risk Management Standard (FFRMS) for Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) Programs. It applies to federally-funded mitigation projects and sets elevation requirements for structures in floodplains —requiring them to either be elevated or floodproofed (only allowable for non-residential structures). This policy (FEMA Policy FP-206-21-0003-0001) supersedes the 2021 policy FP-206-21-003. This partial implementation covers non-critical and critical action structure elevation requirements for HMA-funded mitigation projects. It also describes requirements for new construction, substantially improved and substantially damaged structures.

This policy was effective from December 7, 2020 through March 22, 2023.

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Homeowner's Guide to the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program

This brochure answers some common questions homeowners have about implementing post-disaster projects that reduce future damage to their homes.

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Acquisition/Demolition/Relocation Closeout Checklist

Provides a checklist of required closeout documentation, a list of steps taken by FEMA during the closeout process, and a list of actions for recipients and for subrecipients to take to closeout acquisition/demolition/relocation mitigation activities.

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Planning Grant: Application Instructions

This document provides instructions on how to complete the application for the hazard mitigation planning grants under FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP). Planning grants funded under HMGP are designed to develop and update state, territorial, local, and tribal mitigation plans that meet the planning requirements outlined in Title 44, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 201.

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Flood Risk Reduction: Application Overview

Application templates have been developed to provide step-by-step instructions for specific project types. This application is intended to be used for projects that involve flood risk reduction.

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Hazard Mitigation Activities under Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities and Flood Mitigation Assistance May Incorporate Cybersecurity Activities

This Program Support Material (PSM) provides information about the hazard mitigation activities eligible under the Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC) and Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) grant programs, and how to incorporate cybersecurity activities for fiscal year (FY) 2023.

Learn More

Visit the About Hazard Mitigation Assistance page for programmatic information, such as: