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  • FEMA 150, Seismic Considerations: Health Care Facilities

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    The publication provides Health Care Facilities with information to assess seismic risk, make informed decisions about seismic safety , and determine what can be done to mitigate risk.
  • NEHRP Handbook of Techniques for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings

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    This handbook presents techniques that engineers can use to solve a variety of seismic rehabilitation problems in existing buildings, including a broad spectrum of building types and building components (both structural and nonstructural). Techniques are illustrated with sketches, and the relative merits of the techniques are discussed. (Please note that FEMA 172 has been superseded by FEMA 547, Techniques for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings.)
  • NEHRP Handbook for Seismic Evaluation of Existing Buildings

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    The NEHRP Handbook for the Seismic Evaluation of Buildings, FEMA-178, describes analysis procedures and acceptance criteria often referenced when evaluating the seismic hazards of existing buildings.
  • Preparedness for Hazardous Materials Emergencies in Rail yards: Guidance for Railroads and Adjacent Communities

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    This document contains a wide range of information on each of 11 emergency preparedness functions. There are 150 guidance recommendations presented herein. Some of them are beng used by more than a few railroads and are based on lessons learned from recent hazardous materials emergencies, practices developed for other types of emergencies, or recent findings (notably the merits of sheltering versus evacuating).
  • Recommended Provisions for the Development of Seismic Regulations for New Buildings. Part 1 - Provisions

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    The goal of the Provisions is to present criteria for the design and construction of new buildings subject to earthquake ground motions in order to minimize the hazard to life for all buildings, to increase the expected performance of higher occupancy structures as compared to ordinary structures, and to improve the capability of essential facilities to function after an earthquake. To this end, the Provisions provides the minimum criteria considered prudent and economically justified for the protection of life safety in buildings subject to earthquakes at any location in the United States. The Provisions document has been reviewed extensively and balloted by the building community and, therefore, it is a proper source for the development of building codes in areas of seismic exposure.
  • NEHRP Recommended Provisions for Seismic Regulations for New Buildings - Part 2 - Commentary

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    The goal of the Provisions is to present criteria for the design and construction of new structures subject to earthquake ground motions in order to minimize the hazard to life for all structures, to increase the expected performance of structures having a substantial public hazard due to occupancy or use as compared to ordinary structures, and to improve the capability of essential facilities to function after an earthquake. To this end, the Provisions provides the minimum criteria considered prudent for the protection of life safety in structures subject to earthquakes. The Provisions document has been reviewed extensively and balloted by the architectural, engineering, and construction communities and, therefore, it is a proper source for the development of building codes in areas of seismic exposure.
  • FEMA 224, Seismic Vulnerability and Impact of Disruption of Lifelines in the Conterminous United States

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    This report provides a national overview of lifeline seismic vulnerability and the impact of disruption. Both site specific lifelines and extended lifeline networks are examined. Included is a review of electric, water, transportation, and emergency service systems. The vulnerability estimates and impacts are presented in terms of estimated direct damage losses and indirect economic losses. The report also presents hazard mitigation measures and their expected benefits and recommendations for future work.
  • Development of Guidelines for Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings - Phase 1: Issues Identification and Resolution

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    This report assists in the preparation of Guidelines for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings. The report identifies and analyzes issues that might impact the preparation of the Guidelines and offers alternative and recommended solutions to facilitate their development and implementation. Also discussed are issues related to the scope, implementation, and format of the Guidelines, as well as coordination efforts and legal, political, social, and economic aspects. Issues related to historic buildings, research and new technology, seismicity and mapping, and engineering philosophy and goals are also discussed. The report concludes with a presentation of issues related to the development of specific provisions for major structural and nonstructural elements.
  • Earthquake Preparedness: What Every Child Care Provider Needs to Know

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    This publication features practical and low-cost techniques to make child care facilities safer in the event of an earthquake, whether they are based in a home or a larger facility. The publication offers tips for conducting earthquake drills and includes a checklist of supplies to keep on hand in an emergency kit.
  • Identification and Reduction of Nonstructural Earthquake Hazards in Schools

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    This document provides assistance in the identification and reduction of nonstructural earthquake hazards in schools.
  • Seismic Retrofit Incentive Programs: A Handbook for Local Governments

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    This handbook assists local government officials in developing seismic retrofit incentive programs. The handbook summarizes several case studies that describe the steps that seven California cities have taken to promote and implement retrofitting in their communities. Included are sections on using zoning as an incentive to retrofit; local government finance options; a description of the Unreinforced Masonry Buildings (URM) law and of recent legislation; and liability implications and considerations in the event of an earthquake.
  • Seismic Rehabilitation of Federal Buildings: A Benefit/Cost Model. Volume 1: A User’s Manual

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    This user’s manual and accompanying software present a second-generation benefit-cost model for the seismic rehabilitation of federal and other government buildings.The benefit-cost methodology provides facility managers, design professionals, and other decision makers with estimates of the benefits of seismic rehabilitation and the estimated costs needed to implement rehabilitation.The methodology also generates detailed scenario estimates of damages, losses, and casualties. A tutorial and benefit-cost analyses of eight federal buildings are included. Alternative benefit-cost software and related technical assistance is available through FEMA’s Pre-Disaster Mitigation Grant Program (www.fema.gov/government/grant/bca.shtm#1). Additional information about benefit-cost analysis related to natural hazard mitigation is available in the report entitled Natural Hazard Mitigation Saves: An Independent Study to Assess the Future Savings from Mitigation Activities (www.nibs.org/MMC/mmcactiv5.html).
  • Seismic Rehabilitation of Federal Buildings: A Benefit/Cost Model. Volume 2: Supporting Documentation

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    This supporting documentation contains background information for FEMA 255, including information on valuing public sector services, discount rates and multipliers, the dollar value of human life, and technical issues that affect benefit/cost analysis, such as seismic risk assessment and sensitivity analysis.
  • Managing Floodplain Development in Approximate Zone A Areas - A Guide for Obtaining and Developing Base (100 yr) Flood Elevations

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    This manual provides engineering guidelines for determining base flood elevations in Special Flood Hazard Areas studied by approximate methods only.
  • Interim Guidelines Evaluation, Repair, Modification, and Design of Welded Steel Moment Frame Structures

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    One of the critical lessons from the 1994 Northridge earthquake was the unacceptable performance of steel moment-resisting frame construction. When the extent of the problem became known, the earthquake engineering community faced a crisis. The building code for this type of construction had effectively been invalidated, and there was little idea of how safe existing buildings were or how to repair damaged buildings. Since FEMA funds the repair of publicly owned buildings, this was a crisis for FEMA as well as for building owners. It also quickly became clear that this was not just a California problem but also a national problem. FEMA determined that the first need was for guidance on how to repair damaged buildings and established the FEMA/SAC Steel Moment Resisting Frames Project. With funds from the Congressionally-authorized NEHRP Northridge Research Fund, the work was completed in less than a year and its primary product, the Interim Guidelines for Steel Moment Resisting Frame Construction (FEMA-267)...
  • Plan for Developing and Adopting Seismic Design Guidelines and Standards for Lifelines

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    This document outlines a plan for developing and adopting design and construction standards for lifelines. The plan 1) establishes performance criteria for the construction, maintenance, and operation of new and existing lifeline systems, equipment, and materials for selected levels of seismic risk; 2) provides a basis for technical specifications for use by buyers and sellers of lifeline products and services to reduce the vulnerability of lifeline systems to earthquakes; and 3) provides a reliable basis for regulations to protect public health, safety, and welfare. Five types of lifeline systems are presented: electric, gas and liquid fuel, telecommunications, transportation, and water systems.
  • Planning for Seismic Rehabilitation: Societal Issues

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    This publication provides users with an understanding of the social and public policy issues that may accompany seismic rehabilitation, such as demographic, social, and economic impacts; historic property restrictions; resident dislocations; and business interruptions. The publication presents a four-step decision process to assist local officials, private owners, and design professionals in determining the need for rehabilitation. It includes an “escalation ladder” to assist in understanding the degree of conflict that might be generated and the implications of choosing particular strategies.
  • FEMA 277, The Oklahoma City Bombing Report (1996)

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    The purposes of the Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) investigation were to review damage caused by the blast, determine the failure mechanism for the building, and review engineering strategies for reducing such damage to new and existing buildings in the future. The available pdf file was created from a scanned document. No text files (.txt) exist for this publication.

  • Increased Cost of Compliance (ICC) Coverage: Guidance for State and Local Officials

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    Provides information on the Increased Cost of Compliance coverage and how it relates to communities' administration of floodplain management laws or ordinances following a flooding event.
  • The Repair of Earthquake Damaged Concrete and Masonry Wall Buildings

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    This document provides practical guidance for the repair and upgrade of earthquake-damaged concrete and masonry wall buildings. Target audiences include design engineers, building owners and officials, insurance adjusters, and government agencies. The publication contains sections on performance-based repair design, repair technologies, categories of repair, and nonstructural considerations. The last section includes repair guides, which provide outline specifications for typical repair procedures.

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