The pupose of this page is to provide information on Presidential Policy Directive - 8. The intended audience for this section is individuals, families, communities, the private and nonprofit sectors, faith-based organizations, and state, local, tribal, and territorial governments.
Latest News Updates
March 27, 2015: Share your Insights for the National Preparedness Goal Refresh
Building on the work from the past several years, FEMA is coordinating the refresh of the first edition of the National Preparedness Goal. As called for under Presidential Policy Directive 8: National Preparedness (PPD-8), the Goal sets the vision for preparedness, “a secure and resilient Nation with the capabilities required across the whole community to prevent, protect against, mitigate, respond to, and recover from the threats and hazards that pose the greatest risk,” and identifies the core capabilities necessary to achieve the Goal. FEMA is seeking input from the whole community on the first edition of the Goal. The refresh of the National Preparedness Goal focuses on discrete, critical content based on the lessons from implementing the Goal and recent events, as well as the findings of the National Preparedness Report.
Update: The comment period for the National Preparedness Goal refresh ended on April 16, 2015.
July 30, 2014: National Protection Framework Released
The federal government and its partners released the National Protection Framework, which describes the capabilities necessary to secure the homeland against acts of terrorism and manmade or natural disasters. We encourage you to read the Framework to see how you can apply the concepts to your own preparedness activities.
July 30, 2014: Federal Interagency Operational Plans Released
The federal government released three of five Federal Interagency Operational Plans (FIOPs), which describe how the Federal government aligns resources and delivers core capabilities to reach our shared National Preparedness Goal. The three FIOPs released today are for the Mitigation, Response, and Recovery preparedness mission areas and link together the range of activities conducted by all of the Federal departments and agencies involved in national preparedness.
February 11, 2014: Resource Typing Library Tool and Incident Resource Inventory System 6.0 Released
FEMA has released the Resource Typing Library Tool (RTLT) and the Incident Resource Inventory System (IRIS). Both tools are no cost, user-friendly, and designed to assist communities in inventorying resources.
August 23, 2013: Updated Comprehensive Preparedness Guide 201: Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment Released
FEMA has released Comprehensive Preparedness Guide (CPG) 201, Second Edition, which provides communities additional guidance for conducting a Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA). The First Edition of this Guide, released in April 2012, presented the basic steps of the THIRA process. We encourage you to read CPG 201, Second Edition to see how you can identify capability targets and resource requirements necessary to address anticipated and unanticipated risks.
May 30, 2013: 2013 National Preparedness Report Released
The federal government and its partners released the 2013 National Preparedness Report (NPR). The NPR is an annual status report on the nation's progress toward reaching the National Preparedness Goal of a secure and resilient nation.
May 6, 2013: National Planning Frameworks Released
The federal government and its partners released three of five National Planning Frameworks, which outline how the whole community can work together to achieve national preparedness. The three Frameworks released today are for the Prevention, Mitigation and Response preparedness mission areas. We encourage you to read each of the Frameworks to see how you can apply the concepts to your own preparedness activities.
Experience tells us that when the whole community comes together to tackle a challenge—and everyone plays a role—the end result is more effective.
Recognizing that preparedness is a shared responsibility, Presidential Policy Directive / PPD-8: National Preparedness was signed by the President on March 30, 2011.
At its core, PPD-8 requires the involvement of everyone—not just the government—in a systematic effort to keep the nation safe from harm and resilient when struck by hazards, such as natural disasters, acts of terrorism and pandemics.
This policy directive calls on federal departments and agencies to work with the whole community to develop a national preparedness goal and a series of frameworks and plans related to reaching the goal.
PPD-8 is organized around six elements.
- The National Preparedness Goal states the ends we wish to achieve.
- The National Preparedness System describes the means to achieve the goal.
- National Planning Frameworks and Federal Interagency Operational Plans explain the delivery and how we use what we build.
- An annual National Preparedness Report documents the progress made toward achieving the goal.
- An ongoing national effort to build and sustain preparedness helps us maintain momentum.
In addition, a number of new guidance documents will help the general public, businesses and nonprofit organizations and all levels of government make the most of their preparedness activities.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) / Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) are coordinating the multi-agency PPD-8 effort with representatives from across the whole community. This ensures the policy directive reflects the needs of the whole community. Collaboration has taken place with individuals and families (including those with access and functional needs), businesses, faith-based and community groups, nonprofit organizations and representatives from all levels of government (federal, state, local, tribal and territorial).
A focus on involving the whole community in PPD-8 activities is what makes this effort unique. Because when it comes to national preparedness, all of us have a role to play.
Major Elements of PPD-8
National Preparedness Goal
- States the goal: “A secure and resilient nation with the capabilities required across the whole community to prevent, protect against, mitigate, respond to and recover from the threats and hazards that pose the greatest risk.”
- Defines a series of national preparedness elements (called core capabilities) that we need to achieve the goal.
- Emphasizes the need for the whole community to work together in a variety of ways and make the best use of resources.
Learn more by visiting the National Preparedness Goal page on this site.
National Preparedness System
This document outlines the approach, resources and tools for achieving the National Preparedness Goal.
Learn more by visiting the National Preparedness System page on this site.
National Preparedness Report
This report summarizes progress toward achieving the National Preparedness Goal and will be used to inform the President’s budget. Overall the report found that the nation has increased its collective preparedness, not only from external threats but also for natural and technological hazards.
Learn more by visiting the National Preparedness Report page on this site.
National Planning Frameworks
This milestone is a collection of five frameworks focused on each of the mission areas (Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response and Recovery). Note: The National Disaster Recovery Framework was released in September 2011. The frameworks will define how we will work together to best meet the needs of individuals, families, communities and states in their ongoing efforts to prevent, protect, mitigate, respond to and recover from any disaster event.
Learn more by visiting the National Planning Frameworks page on this site.
Federal Interagency Operational Plans
These plans will cover the federal government’s activities to deliver the core capabilities outlined in the five frameworks. These plans are intended to demonstrate how federal efforts can work together to support state and local plans. The federal plans will also describe:
- Critical tasks and responsibilities, such as resource, staff and sourcing requirements.
- Specific provisions for rapidly integrating resources and personnel.
These plans will serve as the federal government’s concept of operations for each of the five mission areas.
Build and Sustain Preparedness
This ongoing milestone has four key elements:
- A comprehensive campaign, including public outreach and community-based and private-sector programs
- Federal preparedness efforts
- Grants, technical assistance and other federal preparedness support
- Research and development
The effort to build and sustain preparedness is ongoing and seeks to build on a range of existing activities.
- National Preparedness Goal
- National Preparedness System
- 2013 National Preparedness Report
- National Prevention Framework
- National Protection Framework
- National Mitigation Framework
- National Response Framework
- National Disaster Recovery Framework
- Mitigation Federal Interagency Operational Plan
- Response Federal Interagency Operational Plan
- Recovery Federal Interagency Operational Plan