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Hazard Mitigation Planning Resources

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This page provides resources for state, tribal, and local officials and other parties engaged in developing and implementing hazard mitigation plans.

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Local Mitigation Planning Handbook

The Local Mitigation Planning Handbook (Handbook) is the official guide for local governments to develop, update and implement local mitigation plans. While the requirements under §201.6 have not changed, the Handbook provides guidance to local governments on developing or updating hazard mitigation plans to meet the requirements under the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title 44 – Emergency Management and Assistance §201.6, Local Mitigation Plans for FEMA approval and eligibility to apply for FEMA Hazard Mitigation Assistance grant programs. It also offers practical approaches, tools, worksheets and local mitigation planning examples for how communities can engage in effective planning to reduce long-term risk from natural hazards and disasters. The Handbook complements and liberally references the Local Mitigation Plan Review Guide (October 1, 2011), which is the official guidance for federal and state officials responsible for reviewing local mitigation plans in a fair and consistent manner.

Mitigation Planning Fact Sheets

Mitigation Grant Programs

State, tribal, and local governments are required to develop hazard mitigation plans as a condition for receiving certain types of non-emergency disaster assistance. Grant programs with mitigation plan requirements include:

Sample Scope of Work for Mitigation Planning Grants may be downloaded from the FEMA Library.


Please visit the pages referenced above for more information on these programs’ specific mitigation plan requirements, as well as funding available for mitigation plan development and mitigation projects.

Integrating Mitigation with Related Planning Objectives

The following reports were prepared by the American Planning Association (APA) and supported through contracts with FEMA. Hard copies may be ordered through the APA Planners Book Service online or by phone at (312) 786-6344 (costs may apply).

Mitigation Activities

Tribal Resources

Disaster-Resistant Universities

  • Building a Disaster-Resistant University (FEMA 443) (2003) is both a how-to guide and a distillation of the experiences of six universities and colleges that have been working to become more disaster-resistant. This guide provides basic information designed for institutions just getting started, as well as concrete ideas, suggestions and practical experiences for institutions that have already begun to take steps to becoming more disaster-resistant.
  • Building Partnerships to Reduce Hazard Risks (FEMA L-265) (2005) provides a brief explanation on the benefits to both universities and their local communities when they collaborate to reduce risks. Includes a list of public and private sector resources that provide planning assistance to academic institutions.

Federal Partners

  • Environmental Protection Agency:  In 2010, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) signed the FEMA-EPA Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) for the two agencies to work together to help communities become safer, healthier and more resilient. The two agencies will collaborate to help communities that have been hit by disasters to recover and mitigate in ways that protect the environment, create long-term economic prosperity and enhance neighborhoods.  FEMA and EPA will also help communities incorporate smart growth and climate adaptation strategies to improve quality of life and direct development away from vulnerable areas.

Read about some of the joint FEMA-EPA projects on EPA’s Smart Growth web pages.

Last Updated: 
10/15/2015 - 09:44