- Mitigation Planning "How-To" Guides
- Mitigation Planning Fact Sheets
- Mitigation Grant Programs
- Sustainability in Mitigation Planning
- Planning Advisory Service Reports
- Disaster-Resistant Universities
- Mitigation Activities
- Federal Partners
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Mitigation Planning "How-To" Guides
These guides explain specific planning topics in and provide adaptable tools to meet or exceed FEMA's requirements.
- Getting Started: Building Support For Mitigation Planning (FEMA 386-1)
- Understanding Your Risks: Identifying Hazards And Estimating Losses (FEMA 386-2)
- Developing The Mitigation Plan: Identifying Mitigation Actions And Implementing Strategies (FEMA 386-3)
- Bringing the Plan to Life: Implementing the Hazard Mitigation Plan (FEMA 386-4)
- Using Benefit-Cost Review in Mitigation Planning (FEMA 386-5)
- Integrating Historic Property and Cultural Resource Considerations into Hazard Mitigation Planning (FEMA 386-6)
- Integrating Manmade Hazards Into Mitigation Planning (FEMA 386-7)**
- Multi-Jurisdictional Mitigation Planning (FEMA 386-8)
- Using the Hazard Mitigation Plan to Prepare Successful Mitigation Projects (FEMA 386-9)
** FEMA provides state and local governments with preparedness program funding in the form of Non-Disaster Grants to enhance the capacity of state and local emergency responders to prevent, respond to, and recover from a weapons of mass destruction terrorism incident involving chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive devices and cyber attacks. For more information, please see the Preparedness Grants Program page. To find funding opportunities with other Federal agencies, please visit the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance web site.
Mitigation Fact Sheets
Mitigation Grant Programs
State, Indian Tribal, and local governments are required to develop hazard mitigation plans as a condition for receiving certain types of non-emergency disaster assistance. Grant programs with mitigation plan requirements include:
- Stafford Act Grant Programs
- National Flood Insurance Act Grant Programs
A Sample Scope of Work for Mitigation Planning Grants may be downloaded from the FEMA Library.
Please visit the Mitigation Grant Programs page for more information on the specific plan requirements for the various mitigation grant programs, as well as FEMA funds available for mitigation plan development and mitigation projects.
Sustainability in Mitigation Planning
- Integrating Hazard Mitigation Into Local Planning: Case Studies and Tools for Community Officials provides practical guidance on how to incorporate risk reduction strategies into existing local plans, policies, codes, and programs that guide community development or redevelopment patterns. It includes recommended steps and tools to assist with local integration efforts, along with ideas for overcoming possible impediments, and presents a series of case studies to demonstrate successful integration in practice. The document also includes several pull-out fact sheets to provide succinct guidance on specific integration topics. This resource is intended for those who are engaged in any type of local planning, but primarily community planners and emergency managers who are involved with hazard mitigation planning and implementation. This guide was produced with extensive outreach to relevant subject matter experts and the involvement of stakeholder representatives from local communities, State and Federal agencies, academic institutions, private sector companies, and non-profit organizations.
- Planning for a Sustainable Future: The Link Between Hazard Mitigation and Livability (FEMA 364)
- Rebuilding for a More Sustainable Future: An Operational Framework (FEMA 365)
Planning Advisory Service Reports
The following reports were prepared by the American Planning Association (APA) and supported through contracts with FEMA. Hard copies may be ordered through the APA Planners Book Service online or by phone at (312) 786-6344 (costs may apply).
- Hazard Mitigation: Integrating Best Practices into Planning (PAS 560) seeks to close the gap that exists between hazard mitigation planning and other local planning and regulatory land-use processes. It introduces hazard mitigation as a vital area of practice for planners; provides guidance on how to integrate hazard mitigation strategies into comprehensive, area, and functional plans; and shows where hazard mitigation can fit into zoning and subdivision codes. Best practices in incorporating hazards into other local planning processes are provided for different hazards and demographics, and a Safe Growth Audit is included to show how any locality large and small can evaluate how well their communities' plans and regulations address hazards.
- Planning for Post-disaster Recovery and Reconstruction (FEMA 421, PAS 483/484) is a landmark report for community planners for rebuilding and recovery after disasters and post-disaster reconstruction. It also guides development of a natural hazards element as part of a local, general, or comprehensive plan. Developed in partnership with APA.
- Building a Disaster-Resistant University (FEMA 443) is both a how-to guide and a distillation of the experiences of six universities and colleges that have been working to become more disaster-resistant. This guide provides basic information designed for institutions just getting started, as well as concrete ideas, suggestions, and practical experiences for institutions that have already begun to take steps to becoming more disaster-resistant.
- Building Partnerships to Reduce Hazard Risks (FEMA L-265) provides a brief explanation on the benefits to both universities and their local communities when they collaborate to reduce risks. Includes a list of public and private sector resources that provide planning assistance to academic institutions.
- NEW! Mitigation Ideas provides a range of potential mitigation actions for reducing risk to natural hazards and disasters. Ideas for mitigation actions are presented for the following natural hazards: Drought, Earthquake, Erosion, Extreme temperatures, Flood, Hail, Landslide, Lightning, Sea level rise, Severe wind, Severe winter weather, Storm surge, Subsidence, Tornado, Tsunami, and Wildfire.
- Visit FEMA's Building Science Resources for information on design standards, building codes, and other construction requirements for mitigation activities that reduce risk to a range of hazard types.
- Environmental Protection Agency: In 2010, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) signed the FEMA-EPA Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) for the two agencies to work together to help communities become safer, healthier, and more resilient. The two agencies will collaborate to help communities that have been hit by disasters to recover and mitigate in ways that protect the environment, create long-term economic prosperity, and enhance neighborhoods. FEMA and EPA will also help communities incorporate smart growth and climate adaptation strategies to improve quality of life and direct development away from vulnerable areas.
Read about some of the joint FEMA-EPA projects on EPA’s Smart Growth web pages.