This page outlines laws, regulations, and policies that guide development of FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plans by state, tribal, and local governments. The intended audiences for this page include mitigation planners, emergency management professionals, and other public officials working to develop mitigation plans and reduce risk in their communities.
- State, tribal and local governments are required to develop a hazard mitigation plan as a condition for receiving certain types of non-emergency disaster assistance, including funding for mitigation projects. The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Public Law 93-288), as amended by the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000, provides the legal basis for state, local and tribal governments to undertake a risk-based approach to reducing risks from natural hazards through mitigation planning.
- The requirements and procedures for state, tribal and local mitigation plans are found in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at Title 44, Chapter 1, Part 201 (44 CFR Part 201).
- The rule changes below show the historical record of the mitigation planning regulations and have been incorporated in, or superseded by, the current regulations:
- February 26, 2002, Interim Final Rule (67 FR 8844): State and local planning requirements, funding authorization and increases
- October 1, 2002, Interim Final Rule (67 FR 61512): Deadline extension
- October 28, 2003, Interim Final Rule (68 FR 208): Local plan requirement clarification
- September 13, 2004, Interim Final Rule (69 FR 55094): State and tribal extension option
- October 31, 2007, Interim Final Rule (72 FR 61720): Local plan requirements for flood hazards and new Tribal Mitigation Plan type
- October 31, 2007, Final Rule (72 FR 61552): Final Rule without change
- September 16, 2009, Final Rule (74 FR 47471): Final Rule with technical corrections
- April 25, 2014 Final Rule (79 FR 22873): Change in submission requirements for State Mitigation Plans
- December 19, 2014 Interim Final Rule (79 FR 76085): Updated references to "2 CFR parts 200 and 3002" and removed sentences requiring amendments to plans
- October 2, 2015 Final Rule (80 FR 59549): Restored sentences requiring amendments to plans
FEMA policies are external, authoritative statements that articulate FEMA's intent and direction to guide decision-making and achieve rational outcomes for agency activities.
FEMA's mitigation planning guidance is the official guidance for state, local and tribal governments to meet the requirements of the Mitigation Planning regulations under the Stafford Act and 44 CFR Part 201.
- State Multi- Hazard Mitigation Planning Guidance (January 2008) (effective through 3/5/16)
- State Mitigation Plan Review Guide (effective 3/6/16)
- Local Mitigation Plan Review Guide (English)
- Local Mitigation Plan Review Guide (Spanish)
- Tribal Multi-Hazard Mitigation Planning Guidance
Additional mitigation planning policies:
- Mitigation Planning Memorandum (MT-PL) #1: Disaster Declaration Procedures After May 1, 2005 for States Without an Approved State Mitigation Plan (04/13/2005)
- Mitigation Planning Memorandum (MT-PL) #1A: Implementation Procedures for States, Territories and Indian Tribal Governments Without an Approved State Mitigation Plan - Follow-up Guidance (Attachment) (05/2/2005)
- Mitigation Planning (MT-PL) Memorandum #5: Guidance to FEMA Regions and States for Updating Standard State Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plans (11/6/2006) (effective through 3/5/16)
- Mitigation Planning (MT-PL) Memorandum #7: Blue Book Guidance to FEMA Regions and States for New and Updated Enhanced State Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plans (07/10/2007) (effective through 3/5/16)
- Mitigation Planning (MT-PL) Memorandum #9: Implementation of State Mitigation Plan Requirement for Severe Repetitive Loss Strategy (01/11/2008) (effective through 3/5/16)
- Mitigation Planning (MT-PL) Memorandum #14: Enhanced Mitigation Plan Review Procedure (12/06/2010) (effective through 3/5/16)
- Restrictions on Grant Obligations to State, Tribal and Local Governments without a FEMA-Approved Mitigation Plan (FP 306-112-1, August 19, 2013) (effective through 3/5/16)
- Mitigation Planning (MT-PL) Memorandum #15: Local Mitigation Plan Review Guide (09/30/2011)
- State Mitigation Plan Review Guide Policy (FP 302-094-2, March 6, 2015) (effective 3/6/16)