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Hazard Mitigation Assistance

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The purpose of this page is to provide information on the various hazard mitigation grant programs, types of projects the grants can fund, and eligibility for the grants.

What is Mitigation?

Mitigation is the effort to reduce loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disasters. Mitigation is taking action now—before the next disaster— to reduce human and financial consequences later (analyzing risk, reducing risk, insuring against risk). Effective mitigation requires that we all understand local risks, address the hard choices and invest in long-term community well-being. Without mitigation actions, we jeopardize our safety, financial security, and self-reliance.

Hazard Mitigation Assistance Programs

FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grant programs provide funding for eligible mitigation activities that reduce disaster losses and protect life and property from future disaster damages. Currently, FEMA administers the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP), the Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) Program, and the Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) Program. 

  • HMGP assists in implementing long-term hazard mitigation measures following  a major disaster

  • PDM provides funds for hazard mitigation planning and projects on an annual basis

  • FMA provides funds for projects to reduce or eliminate risk of flood damage to buildings that are insured under the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) on an annual basis

FEMA’s HMA programs provide funding for eligible mitigation activities. Commonly funded mitigation activities include:

  • Acquisition – commonly known as a “buyout” is the most permanent form of mitigation. It removes the home completely and the land is converted into open space (e.g. a park). The acquisition process is strictly voluntary. FEMA encourages all homeowners in affected communities to be sure they get all of the information needed about buyouts so they can make the best decision for their families and communities.

  • Dry Floodproofing – techniques applied to keep structures temporarily watertight (e.g. sealing a structure to keep floodwaters out)

  • Elevation – involves physically raising an existing structure to the base flood elevation level or higher

  • Minor Localized Flood Reduction – lessens the frequency or severity of flooding by creating retention/detention basins

  • Safe Room Construction – designed to provide immediate life-safety protection for limited at-risk population that cannot evacuate out of harm’s way before an event

An HMA Eligibility Chart for a list of eligible activities by program can be located on each program’s specific page.


08/28/2015 - FEMA has closed the application period for the Fiscal Year 15 Flood Mitigation Assistance and Pre-Disaster Mitigation Assistance program.  FEMA is currently reviewing all submitted applications. 

05/29/2015 - The application period for the Fiscal Year 15 Flood Mitigation Assistance and Pre-Disaster Mitigation Assistance programs is open from May 29, 2015, through August 28, 2015. Applications and subapplications must be submitted via the Mitigation eGrants system.  If a Subapplicant does not use the eGrants system, then the Applicant must enter the paper subapplication(s) into the eGrants system on the Subapplicant’s behalf.

The Notice of Funding Opportunity announcements are posted on

  • Flood Mitigation Assistance: DHS-15-MT-029-000-99
  • Pre-Disaster Mitigation: DHS-15-MT-047-000-99

Please refer to the Fiscal Year 15 program Fact Sheets for more information:

02/27/2015 - FEMA has released the Fiscal Year 15 Hazard Mitigation Assistance Guidance and Addendum.  This document is applicable for disasters declared on or after February 27, 2015.  

02/27/2015 - FEMA has released 23 resources and job aids for the Hazard Mitigation Assistance grant programs.

Last Updated: 
10/06/2015 - 16:44
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