The Fire Prevention and Safety (FP&S) Research and Development Grants (R&D) are part of the Assistance to Firefighters Grant (AFG) and are under the purview of FEMA's Grant Programs Directorate. The goal of this Research and Development Grants Program activity is to reduce firefighter fatal and nonfatal injuries and improve firefighter safety, health, and wellness. Research institutions applying for R&D grants must have fire service partners that will support the ongoing project efforts from design through dissemination and implementation of successful results. Applied research projects include: Clinical Studies, Technology and Product Development, Database System Development, and Dissemination and Implementation Research. The emphasis of this program is on research that will yield results that can be readily applied to improve firefighter safety, health, and wellness. Research and Development Grants have been awarded since 2006.