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Identify and Measure Risk

The challenges posed by climate change — such as more intense storms, frequent heavy precipitation, heat waves, drought, extreme flooding and higher sea levels — could significantly alter the types and magnitudes of hazards faced by communities and the emergency management professionals serving them.

Below are programs to help emergency managers should adapt to the impacts of climate change.

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Looking for Financial or Capacity-Building Support?
FEMA has grant programs dedicated to restoring community infrastructure, increasing resilience and reducing risk from many hazards.

Programs to Identify and Measure Risk

National Risk Index

The National Risk Index is an online mapping application that identifies communities most at risk to 18 natural hazards. The Index can be used to support mitigation planning, hazard mitigation assistance grants and risk communication.

Resilience Analysis and Planning Tool

The Resilience Analysis and Planning Tool (RAPT) is a free GIS web map that helps emergency managers examine the interplay of census data, infrastructure locations, and hazards, including real-time weather forecasts, historic disasters and estimated annualized frequency of hazard risk.

Building Code Adoption Tracking

FEMA tracks current building code adoption status for state, local, tribal and territorial governments, reaching approximately 22,000 jurisdictions across the nation. 

Find fact sheets, a WebGIS map, statistics and more about Building Code Adoption Tracking (BCAT).

Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA)

The Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA) is a three-step risk assessment process that helps communities understand their risks and what they need to do to address them.

Building Science

Building Science is the study of how natural hazards effect structures, while FEMA employs leading industry professionals in architecture, engineering, and seismology to bring solutions to these challenges our county’s infrastructure faces.

Risk Mapping, Assessment and Planning

Risk MAP supports community resilience by providing data, building partnerships, and supporting long-term hazard mitigation planning.

Whether you are an engineer performing a flood risk analysis, a state planner designing and implementing a hazard mitigation plan, or a well-informed homeowner who has purchased flood insurance, empowering individuals, organizations and communities to take proactive steps to reducing flood risk is an essential piece of Risk MAP.