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Tribal Consultations

FEMA recognizes the nation to nation relationship between the U.S. government and federally recognized tribes. To acknowledge and honor the sovereignty of tribal nations, FEMA conducts regular and meaningful consultation and collaboration with tribal governments to ensure that FEMA policies and programs address tribal needs.

FEMA's Tribal Consultation Policy, updated in July 2019 with input from tribes, outlines the process that FEMA officials use to conduct consultation with tribal governments.

Current Consultations

There are no upcoming consultations at this time.

Past Consultations


FEMA is extending the public comment period for Cost of Assistance Estimates in the Disaster Declaration Process for the Public Assistance Program proposed ruled. This meeting will help ensure all interested parties have sufficient opportunity to review and provide comments on the proposed changes.

FEMA is seeking tribal input on the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic: Safe Opening and Operation Work Eligible for Public Assistance (Interim), FEMA FP Policy 104-21-0003.  Therefore, FEMA is hosting a teleconference tribal consultation session to receive input from tribal nations on this interim policy.

FEMA would like to hear tribal concerns on the process to support the delivery of funeral assistance. Therefore, FEMA is hosting a virtual tribal consultation session to receive input from tribal nations on funeral assistance policies and procedures.

FEMA’s Recovery Directorate, in partnership with FEMA’s Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs Division, will be hosting a virtual listening session with tribal leaders to discuss Recovery coronavirus (COVID-19) policies, guidance and their implementation and impact on tribal nations.


FEMA is currently seeking input from federally recognized Indian tribal governments on specific provisions of the Disaster Recovery Reform Act of 2018 (DRRA). DRRA reforms acknowledge the expectation of a shared, whole community responsibility for disaster response and recovery, while readying the nation for catastrophic disasters.

FEMA updated the Tribal Consultation Policy which guides how FEMA engages tribal governments with regular and meaningful consultation and collaboration on actions that have tribal implications.


The FEMA Tribal Policy was revised and updated following the tribal consultation period from August 22, 2016 to October 28, 2016 and superseded the previous FEMA Tribal Policy, which was effective from 2013-2016.


FEMA conducted a third round of consultation on the second draft guidance with tribal governments through listening sessions throughout the country in 2016. The input received will be used to develop the final guidance.


FEMA sought comments from state, tribal, and local emergency management practitioners on the draft Preliminary Damage Assessment Operating Manual.


This guidance describes how FEMA will process and evaluate requests from tribal governments for a disaster declaration, independent of a state. FEMA developed the first draft of guidance, using input from tribal governments in 2013.


FEMA created a draft tribal consultation policy and sought feedback from all federally recognized tribes. The tribal consultation policy establishes a process to guide FEMA officials on how to engage tribes and tribal Officials in regular and meaningful consultation and collaboration on actions that have tribal implications.


This consultation requested tribal comment on the Sandy Recovery Improvement Act of 2013 and on the new process for tribal emergency and major disaster declarations.