On December 29, 2022, President Biden signed into law the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2023, authorizing funding for FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Assistance Pre-Disaster Mitigation grant program.
About the Program
The Pre-Disaster Mitigation grant program makes federal funds available to state, local, tribal, and territorial governments to plan for and implement sustainable cost-effective measures. These mitigation efforts are designed to reduce the risk to individuals and property from future natural hazards, while also reducing reliance on federal funding from future disasters. This funding is offered in addition to funds provided through other FEMA grant programs for projects that will support growing mitigation needs nationwide.
Communities and Tribal Nations with projects identified for funding must submit an application for their grants in accordance with the Fiscal Year 2023 Pre-Disaster Mitigation Congressionally Directed Spending funding opportunities published on Grants.gov.
View the FY23 NOFO
View the FY23 "Congressionally Directed Spending" Fact Sheet
For FY 2023, the total amount of funds that are being made available to 100 congressionally directed projects will be $233,043,782. Applicants may request up to an additional 5% of project costs for management and administration of the program from a separate pool of funds.
A non-federal cost share is required for all subapplications funded through the Pre-Disaster Mitigation grant program. The non-federal cost share may consist of cash, donated or third-party in-kind services, materials, or any combination thereof. The cost share information is as follows:
- Generally, the cost share is 75% federal and 25% non-federal cost share.
- Small impoverished communities are eligible for up to 90% federal cost share and 10% non-federal cost share for their mitigation planning and project subapplications in accordance with the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act.
- Small impoverished communities are defined as having 3,000 or fewer individuals identified by the applicant that is economically disadvantaged, with residents having an average per capita annual income not exceeding 80% of the national per capita income.
- Federally recognized Tribal governments meeting the definition of a small, impoverished community that apply to FEMA directly as Applicants are eligible for a 90 percent federal cost share for their planning, project, and management costs subapplications.
Only states, territories, or federally recognized tribal governments with identified by Congress in the Consolidated Appropriations Act and enumerated in the accompanying Joint Explanatory Statement for Division F are identified in this Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO) and are eligible to apply.
Each state, territory or federally recognized tribal nation with a project identified in the Pre-Disaster Mitigation funding opportunity shall designate one agency to serve as the applicant for funding. Each applicant’s designated agency may submit only one Pre-Disaster Mitigation grant application to FEMA.
Local governments, including cities, townships, counties, special district governments, and tribal governments (including federally recognized tribes who choose to apply as subapplicants) that are identified in the funding opportunity are considered subapplicants and must submit subapplications to their state applicant agency. Any tribal government identified in the NOFO that chooses to apply as a subapplicant must submit its application through the appropriate state applicant agency. For more information, contact the appropriate State Hazard Mitigation Officer.
Management costs are eligible for Pre-Disaster Mitigation funding in accordance with the FY 2023 Appropriations Act. A maximum of up to 5% of FY 2023 Pre-Disaster Mitigation funds awarded may be retained by the recipient from the Management and Administrative funds that have been made available, and any funds retained are to be used solely for management and administration purposes associated with the award. Subrecipients may separately use up to 5% of the project award funds for Management and Administrative purposes associated with the award. The use of management costs by subrecipients reduces the overall amount of funds available for the mitigation project.
When applying for Hazard Mitigation Assistance funding, all programmatic requirements must be met. FEMA has listed several requirements below as a quick reference, but it is encouraged to refer to the funding opportunity for a full list of all requirements.
Build America, Buy America Act Requirement
The Build America, Buy America Act (BABAA) requires all federal agencies, including FEMA, to ensure that all federal financial assistance for infrastructure projects meets the Buy America preference that all iron and steel, manufactured products, and construction materials used in that infrastructure are manufactured in the United States.
When necessary, recipients and subrecipients may apply for, and FEMA may grant, a waiver from these requirements. A waiver may be granted if FEMA determines that:
- Applying the domestic content procurement preference would be inconsistent with the public interest.
- The types of iron, steel, manufactured products, or construction materials are not produced in the United States in sufficient and reasonably available quantities or of a satisfactory quality.
- The inclusion of iron, steel, manufactured products, or construction materials produced in the United States will increase the cost of the overall project by more than 25%.
For FEMA awards, FEMA’s Interim Policy on BABAA requirements and information on the process for requesting a waiver from the Buy America preference requirements can be found on FEMA’s website at “Buy America” Preference in FEMA Financial Assistance Programs for Infrastructure.
Hazard Mitigation Plan Requirement
All applicants and subapplicants must have a FEMA-approved Hazard Mitigation Plan by the application deadline and at the time of the obligation of funds, unless the subapplicant is applying for a planning subgrant.
The mitigation projects submitted with the application must be consistent with the goals and objectives identified in the existing FEMA-approved Hazard Mitigation Plan. Interested applicants and subapplicants should contact their State Hazard Mitigation Officer for guidance if they do not have a FEMA-approved Hazard Mitigation Plan.
FEMA may grant an exception to the local hazard mitigation plan requirement in extraordinary circumstances, when adequate justification is provided. This exception must be requested with the subapplication. If this exception is granted, a local hazard mitigation plan must be approved by FEMA within 12 months of the award of the project subgrant to that community.
All applicants and subapplicants applying for mitigation projects must demonstrate the cost-effectiveness of the mitigation project through a Benefit-Cost Analysis or other documentation. The Benefit-Cost Analysis is the method of estimating the future benefits of a project compared to its cost. FEMA has created a Benefit-Cost Analysis Toolkit that must be used to determine project cost-effectiveness. Please use the Benefit-Cost Analysis Toolkit found on the FEMA website.
FEMA is introducing an alternative cost-effectiveness methodology that will modify the threshold for mitigation projects to be considered cost-effective under limited conditions. A mitigation project may be considered cost-effective if, when using the 7% discount rate, the BCR is at least 0.75 or greater, and if at the 3% discount rate the BCR is at least 1.0 or greater, and the mitigation activity benefits disadvantaged communities, addresses climate change impacts, has hard to quantify benefits, and/or is subject to higher costs due to the use of low carbon building materials or compliance with the Federal Flood Risk Management Standard.
Technical Feasibility and Effectiveness Requirements
Mitigation projects must be both feasible and effective at mitigating the risks of the hazard(s) for which the project was designed. A project’s feasibility is demonstrated through conformance with accepted engineering practices, established codes, standards, modeling techniques, or best practices. Effective mitigation measures must provide a long-term or permanent solution to a risk from a natural hazard.
Environmental Planning and Historic Preservation Requirement
All mitigation projects must comply with all applicable Environmental Planning and Historic Preservation laws, including the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and related Department of Homeland Security and FEMA instructions and directives. FEMA encourages the use of other supporting guidance that can be used to ensure all environmental requirements, including the Hazard Mitigation Assistance Job Aids.
Application Submission and Funding Deadlines
To apply for funding made available to these Congressionally Directed Spending projects through the Pre-Disaster Mitigation program, applicants must adhere to the following application submission and funding deadlines:
Application Opening: March 1, 2023
Eligible applicants must apply for funding using the Mitigation eGrants system on the FEMA Grants Portal: https://portal.fema.gov.
Application Submission Deadline: April 14, 2023, 5 p.m. ET
Applicants experiencing technical problems outside of their control must notify FEMA prior to the application deadline and within 48 hours after the applicant becomes aware of the issue.
FEMA will not review applications that are received after the deadline or consider these late applications for funding.
The application review process begins following the application submission deadline. FEMA will review subapplications submitted by each applicant to ensure all eligibility requirements have been met and there is compliance with the Hazard Mitigation Assistance Guidance.
Application Funding Deadline: Sept. 30, 2023
Period of Performance (POP):
- Start Date: Date of the recipient’s federal award
- End Date: 36 months from the start date of the receipt’s federal award
Pre-Disaster Mitigation Congressionally Directed Spending Projects
For Fiscal Year 2023, the total amount of funds that are being made available to 100 congressionally directed projects is $233,043,782.
Communities and Tribal Nations with projects identified for funding must submit an application for their grants in accordance with the Fiscal Year 2023 Pre-Disaster Mitigation Congressionally Directed Spending Projects funding opportunities published on Grants.gov.
FY 2023 PDM Grant Program Project List
|Recipient (State or Tribe)
|Projected Federal Amount
|Alabama Emergency Management Agency
|Hale County Storm Shelters
|City of Dillingham
|Snag Point Erosion Mitigation
|City of Flagstaff
|Museum Post-Fire Flood Mitigation, Property Acquisitions
|City of Belmont
|Cities of Belmont and San Bruno Wildfire Prevention Project
|East Bay Regional Park District
|East Bay Regional Park District Wildfire Mitigation, and Safe, Resilient Forests and Communities
|City of Norwalk
|Emergency Generators for Community Resiliency
|San Mateo County
|Filoli Wildfire Mitigation Project
|City of Foster City
|Levee Protection Planning and Improvements Project (CIP 301-657)
|City of Thousand Oaks
|Microgrid installation for the Municipal Service Center
|Midpeninsula Regional Open Space District
|Midpeninsula Open Space Wildland Fire Resiliency Project
|City of Sacramento
|Pannell Community Center Resilience Hub
|City of Rancho Palos Verdes
|Rancho Palos Verdes Portuguese Bend Landslide Remediation
|County of Santa Barbara
|San Marcos Road Stabilization Project
|Diablo Water District
|Water Reservoir Seismic Retrofit
|Town of Estes Park
|Town of Estes Park Wildfire Mitigation
|City of Bridgeport
|Community Flooding Scoping in Bridgeport
|Town of Stratford
|Flood Protection Measures for Stratford Water Pollution Control Facility
|City of Hartford
|Hartford Closure Structure #1 Rehabilitation
|City of Tampa
|Bermuda Boulevard Seawall Improvements
|City of Bonita Springs
|City of Bonita Springs water acquisition
|City and County of Honolulu
|Hardening of Fire Station Doors
|City of Chicago
|Chicago Shoreline Morgan Shoal Project
|Village of Flossmoor
|Flossmoor Road Viaduct Drainage Improvements
|City of East St. Louis
|Metro East Horseshoe Lake Flooding and Restoration Project
|Village of Hampshire
|Park and Rinn Flood Mitigation Project
|City of Prospect Heights
|River Trails Stormwater Project
|City of Palos Hills
|Roberts Road Drainage Improvements
|City of Rock Island
|Rock Island Mississippi River Levee Pump Stations
|The City of Cedar Rapids
|5th Avenue Gatewell and Pump Station Flood Mitigation Project
|City of Davenport
|Flood Mitigation at River Drive and Marquette Street in Davenport, Iowa
|Kansas City Board of Public Utilities
|Nearman Water Treatment Plant Emergency Electric Backup Generator
|City of Burgin
|Burgin Pre-Disaster Mitigation Project
|City of Lebanon Junction
|Lebanon Junction Pre-Disaster Mitigation Project
|City of West Monroe
|West Monroe Stormwater Mitigation Project
|City of Westbrook
|City of Westbrook—Presumpscot River Corridor: Landslide Vulnerability Assessment (Windham to Portland)
|Town of Wiscasset
|Town of Wiscasset—Old Ferry Road Stream Crossing Improvement
|City of Annapolis
|City Dock Resilience and Revitalization Project
|Baltimore County Executive's Office
|Pre-Disaster Mitigation in Turner Station
|Town of Hopedale
|Feasibility Study to Dredge Hopedale Pond and Daylight the Mill River for Community Resilience and Water Quality Improvements
|City of Woburn
|Hurld Park Construction
|City of Malden
|Malden River Works Project
|Town of Hull
|Nantasket Ave Seawall Replacement
|City of Revere
|Riverside Climate Resiliency Project
|Town of North Attleborough, Massachusetts
|Ten-Mile River Dredging
|Town of Weymouth
|Wessagusset Beach project
|City of New Baltimore
|Base Street Bridge Rehabilitation
|Tip of the Mitt Watershed Council
|Emmet County Flood Mitigation and Drainage Improvement Project
|Macomb County-North Branch of the Clinton River Floodplain Acquisition
|Rehabilitation and Upgrade of Pump Station 182
|City of Newport
|City of Newport—Mississippi Flood/ Storm Mitigation
|Oslo Region Joint Powers Board
|Oslo Region Joint Powers Board— Oslo Region Flood Mitigation FEMA
|Washoe County — Lemmon Valley Heppner 5 Subdivision Stormwater Improvements
|City of Portsmouth Department of Public Works
|Peirce Island Road Resiliency Project
|Borough of Atlantic Highlands
|Atlantic Highlands Municipal Harbor Bulkhead Repairs
|Township of Hillsborough
|Green Hills Development Swale Improvements
|County of Bergen
|Jackson Avenue/Riverside Avenue Drainage Improvements
|Land Acquisition for Open Space
|City of North Wildwood
|North Wildwood Sea Wall
|County of Middlesex
|Southern Middlesex County Flood Mitigation and Resilience Project
|Doña Ana County Flood Commission
|Disaster Mitigation for La Union
|NM Department of Cultural Affairs
|Los Luceros Fire Mitigation
|City of Ithaca
|City of Ithaca Flood Mitigation
|Town of Orangetown
|Critical Electrical Infrastructure Needs
|Village of Port Jefferson
|East Beach Stabilization
|City of Wilson
|Hominy Water Quality Park and Greenway
|Flood Control Projects for Columbia County
|Borough of Mayfield
|Mayfield Borough Levee Upgrade
|City of Williamsport
|The Greater Williamsport Flood Control Project
|Borough of West Pittston
|West Pittston Levee Project
|Town of Mount Pleasant
|Mount Pleasant Stormwater Drainage Improvement Project
|City of Southside Place
|Auden Street Drainage Improvement
|Harris County Flood Control District
|Channel Conveyance Improvements to C147-00-00
|City of Galveston
|Galveston 59th Street Water Storage Tank
|City of Galveston
|Galveston Causeway Waterline Project
|Hudspeth County Flood Mitigation Planning Project
|City of Houston
|Lake Houston Dam Spillway Improvement Project
|Harris County Flood Control District
|Poor Farm Ditch Conveyance Improvements
|Native Village of Ouzinkie
|Emergency Response Shelter and Equipment Staging Complex
|Hoh Indian Tribe
|Tsunami Evacuation Center
|City of Hopewell
|Hopewell City Hall Generator Replacement
|Prince William County
|Lake Jackson Dam Rehabilitation
|Vermont State Colleges
|Glen Brook Dam Removal at Castleton University
|Town of Stowe Electric Department
|Restoration of Moscow Mills at Smith’s Falls
|City of Aberdeen
|Aberdeen-Hoquiam Flood Protection Project
|City of Seattle, Seattle Center Department
|Seattle Center Shelter Facilities Sustainable Emergency Power
|Douglas County Nemadji River Bridge Mitigation
|Madeline Island County H / Lake Superior Mitigation (CDS)
|Charles Town Green Infrastructure for Stormwater Pollution Flooding Project
|Chesterfield Avenue Stormwater Management Project
|City of Montgomery Sanitary Department Essential Needs
|City of New Cumberland Storm Sewer Project
|City of Ripley
|City of Ripley for Viking Lane Storm Drain Project Phase II
|Grant Town Stormwater System Improvements
|Beckley Sanitary Board
|Hartley Avenue, Beckley Little League, & Pinecrest Stormwater and Sanitary Sewer Improvements
|Huntington Sanitary Board
|Huntington Backflow Prevention Valves Project
|Beckley Sanitary Board
|Robert C. Byrd Drive Stormwater and Sanitary Sewer Improvements
|Town of Lost Creek
|Town of Lost Creek Drainage
|Town of Sutton
|Town of Sutton Storm Sewer
|West Virginia Conservation Agency
|West Virginia Watershed Flood Hazard Mitigation Project
|City of Wheeling
|Wheeling Nuttal Avenue Stormwater Enhancements
- Pre-Disaster Mitigation webpage
- Hazard Mitigation Assistance Guidance
- Hazard Mitigation Assistance Job Aids
The Hazard Mitigation Assistance helpline is also available by telephone at (866) 222-3580.
If you require further assistance after navigating the resources above, please contact FEMA by email at FEMA-Ask-PDM@fema.dhs.gov.