Subject: Emergencies and Major Disaster Declarations Request
Telephone Operator: Welcome and thank you for standing by at this time all participants are in a listen-only mode until the question answer portion of the call. If you’d like to ask a question at that time, please press star, then one on your touch tone phone. Today’s conference is being recorded. If you have any objection, you may disconnect. Now I’d like to turn the call over to your host, Gwen Camp, FEMA Director of Intergovernmental Affairs. Thank you ma’am you may begin.
Gwen Camp: Thank you very much, operator. Good afternoon everyone, and thank you so much for joining us today. Welcome to the FEMA National Tribal Consultation kick-off conference call. We’re seen big steps forward in Emergency Management and Indian country and we want to thank everyone on the call. And your colleagues and leadership for everything you’re did to pass this historic legislation in recognizing tribal sovereignty definitely the beginning of our work and we’re looking forward to going through some of those steps today. A few housekeeping items we will not do a roll call since our operator have assisted us in taking your name and affiliations. We have several leaders today on the line, and I want to thank the tribal executives, governors, chairman and others as well as the emergency managers and senior staff.
First we’re going to hear from Charlie Galbraith, the Tribal Liaison from the White House. Charlie has served previously as an Assistant U.S. Attorney in Arizona, a Legislative Assistant on Capitol Hill, and he was also the convener of President Obama’s Native American Domestic Policy committee. Charlie is an enrolled member of the Navajo Nation. He will then turn it over to Administrator Craig Fugate of FEMA, who will address the more specific implementations of the Stafford Act Division. Prior to his confirmation by the U.S. Senate, he served as the Director of Florida Division of Emergency Management, and he went up through the ranks from his start as a volunteer fire fighter. Once we’ve gotten through that portion, we will go through a question and answer portion that our operators will assist us with and give us instructions, and without further delay, Charlie Galbraith.
Charlie Galbraith: Thank you very much Gwen. Good afternoon, to everyone. My name’s Charlie Galbraith, I work as White House Tribal Liaison, and today we’re together on this call because last month in January, the President signed the Sandy Recovery Improvement Act of 2013. This is a clear demonstration of the importance that tribal leadership and their governments are to our nation. The Sandy Recover Improvement act amended the Sanford Act, to provide federally recognized tribal governments the option to choose whether to make a request directly to the President, for a federal emergency or major disaster declaration or, to seek assistance, as they did previously, under the declaration for a state. This amendment to the Sanford Act follows on the President’s commitments to Indian Country, strengthens the government to government relationship between FEMA and federally recognized tribes, and will enhance the way FEMA supports tribal communities, before, during and after disasters. The Sanford Act now clearly reflects that federally recognized tribal governments as sovereign nations, giving them the same status as states when requesting federal disaster assistance. Specifically, the amendment permits the Chief Executive of the affected tribal government, to submit a request to the President, for a declaration that a major disaster or emergency exists consistent with the requirements listed in the Sanford Act sections for major disasters and emergencies. The amendment also stipulates that any Indian tribal government may alternatively be eligible to receive assistance through a declaration made by the President, at the request of the state, so long as the tribal government does not receive a separate declaration from the President for the same incident. The President may also, under the amendment, waive or adjust the cost share for Public Assistance. And the amendment clarifies that references to any combination of state and local, in the Sanford Act, should be read to include: tribal governments, along with the incidences of governor/state should also be read to include Chief Executive of a tribal government. This amendment is a huge step forward in recognizing tribal self-determination. Tribes are not required to request disaster assistance on their own. But, rather, the legislation provides tribes with the choice to request on their own, or to seek assistance through a state’s declaration. Considerations may include, for example, potential administrative or financial contribution from the state. And many tribes have worked with their states very well on this in the past. The legislation does not require tribes to change their relationship with states. And states cannot tell tribes to request on their own or require tribes to be included in the state’s request. Is the tribe that makes that determination. This is a big step forward for all of Indian Country, and, for self-determination. I’d like to just take a quick opportunity to thank all the tribal leaders, all the advocates who helped this provision become law. And especially a big thank you to FEMA Administrator Fugate, and his team, especially his Chief Counsel Brad Kaiserman, Stephanie Tennyson, Gwen Camp, of course, Richard Flores. They really understand Indian Country. This legislation will improve safety and recovery across Indian Country, while correcting one of the last places in federal law that treated tribes as sub-entities of states. Indian Country does not have better ally than Administrator Fugate and his team at FEMA, and with that I’m happy to turn it over to Administrator Fugate.
Administrator Fugate: Thanks Charlie and good afternoon everybody. As Charlie pointed out, this is a fairly substantial change in the Stanford Act. We also have a second part of this that why the Stafford Act have changed the designation for tribal governments to be now recognized as sovereign governments not political subdivisions; our current rules are used to administrator Stafford Act declarations were written for states. And now, the task of writing rules specific to tribal governments must begin. We have made the commitment that we would not wait until rules were finished to implement this. So we’ve used our authorities and have provided initial guidance on how we will process declarations until rules are completed. This process is effective immediately from the time the President signed the bill into law, resulting in the first tribal declaration ever in our history, for the Eastern Band of the Cherokee Indians, who received the first declaration, directly requesting from the President, followed by the second request from the Navajo for declaration as well for another event. So, we are processing disaster declarations as they have come up. But we also recognize that the current rules that we used to administer the Stanford Act are specifically designed for states, and in many cases will not address concerns that have been raised in Indian Country.
There’s also a commitment to the consultation process, as we go forward, too formally consult with tribal leadership, to ensure that as we develop these rules, they are not one size fits all. And they are guided by what I consider our three core principles. One is our relationship is based upon three key cornerstones. Federally recognized tribal governments are sovereign governments, that the relationship is a nation-to-nation relationship between the federal government and tribal government. And as Charlie pointed out, it is also based upon self-determination. We do not want to determine for tribal governments, the best way for them to address disasters, on their land, based upon prior relationships, or in some cases lack of relationship, which states that also have provided, or worked for them in previous disasters.
But it is again, as we undertake the rule making process, an important time for consultation so that as we write the rules, on how we will administer future disaster declarations, that we have your input and participation. But as we stated in the beginning, we did not wait for the rules to be finished to start providing the recognition to the tribal governments. I have staff here and others that we can walk through the basic steps as it is now. But, very succinctly, if a disaster happens, to a tribal government that exceeds your capabilities to manage it, you can request from the region that you live in, the FEMA region, in some cases where you have multiple tribal lands that are in multiple FEMA regions, we have designated a primary region for you to work with. You can request from that Regional Administrator to do preliminary damage assessments. If it’s determined that you wish to request a disaster declaration, you’ll put in your request, and we’ll help you with the language of drafting that request to the region.
And your request will go to the President via the region. We will process those based upon our current structures, and look at that on an impact to the tribe, not the state you’re in. And if it is determined and warrants assistance, and the President determines to declare that, we will administer under our current rules for administering disaster declarations, both for Individual Assistance, which is for members of the tribe that have had individual losses; Public Assistance, which would be for eligible losses that the tribal government has incurred; as well as Hazard Mitigation, which can be used to reduce the future rest of disasters.
But we also know that the programs as they are designed will in many cases require additional work. And that’s why we are beginning the preliminary rulemaking process. We know this will take time, and it’s going to require a partnership. And again, I’m going to come back to the three guiding principles. We recognize the sovereignty of the federally recognized tribes, it is a nation-to-nation relationship, and it should be about self-determination of the tribal governments as how they want to pursue and manage their disasters, not be pre-determined by these rules but to give the inherent flexibility as a sovereign nation should have to determine what is best for their enrolled membership. With that I’ll turn it back to Gwen for the next part of this.
Gwen Camp: Thank you very much, Administrator. Operator, we’ll now open it up first to questions from tribal executives. And if we could just ask you, when you do ask your questions, if you could please identify your name, title, and affiliation before you ask. Operator, can we have those instructions.
Telephone operator: Certainly. If you would like to ask a question, please press star, then 1 on your touch tone phone. You will be prompted to record your first and last name. Please check that your phone is unmuted before you record. One moment please, to allow them time to queue up. One moment, questions are beginning to come up. First, Chris Lindvlad, your line is open.
Mike (Chris Lindvlad): Good afternoon, Mike, Vice-chairman, of Standing Rock Tribe.
Gwen Camp: Go ahead sir, think you for being with us.
Mike (Chris Lindvlad): Yes, my concern or question is the million dollar damage still there, per disaster, to declare? Is that going to stay the same?
Administrator Fugate: It is the current rule. Again, as I pointed out, the rules are designed for states. So there is a minimum threshold of one million dollars per disaster declaration. And that’s part of why we want to look at providing specific rules for tribal governments, realizing that the, the floor cost for disaster, based on states, may not be the same as it needs to be for tribal governments. That’s why we’ve gone to the preliminary steps of the rule making process, to address and give them compensation on those types of issues.
Mike (Chris Lindvlad): OK, that’s fine; I appreciate that, because that was per county. Now the percentage, back in, it was 80%, 10% and 10%, federal, state, and tribe. How’s that going to work out now, where if we decide to do it ourselves, as a tribe? Does the 10% of the state become, where does that go to? Does that, or does the tribe pick that up?
Administrator Fugate: Well, the way that the Stafford Act is structured, it says that the federal government share shall be not less than, 75%, and that state and local cost share would be 25%. One of the considerations for tribal governments, is they’ve previous received cost share, is to determine with their state partner, whether or not, when the tribe asked for declaration separate from the state, would the state do cost share, or would that cost share be fully borne by the tribal governments. In some cases, some tribal governments have never gotten cost share from the state at all. But in those cases, this is why we did not want to preclude tribal government from going with their states for declarations because the cost share, but the federal government is, on the Stafford Act, shall fund no less than 75% of the disaster. And cost share adjustments are based upon recommendations to the President. And the general rule is that cost estimates and damages that exceed catastrophic levels will result in recommendations to increase cost share in those events to 90%. But it is not FEMA’s rules to recommend 100% funding for disaster recovery costs.
Mike (Chris Lindvlad): Thank you very much.
Telephone operator: Next question is from Monte Fronk. Please state your tribal affiliation.
Monte Fronk: Monte Fronk with the 1855 Mille Lacs Reservation in Minnesota calling, here. This, two quick questions, besides this conference call, will there be regional consultations to, for those tribal leaders who couldn’t make it today for the conference call? I’ve been asked to ask that question. And second question I have is, is there a contact email or phone number for Charles Galbraith, please?
Gwen Camp: Yes, sir. This is Gwen Camp. We will be doing extensive outreach in each of the 9 FEMA regions that have federally recognized tribes. That’s all of them but Region 3. We will have the first significant step is having the federal registry notice posted. And we’ll be promoting that throughout the country and certainly utilizing our regions there. For all questions, they can come back to me, my email is email@example.com. And I can make sure that we get you the right contacts and the information that you need.
Monte Fronk: Thank you very much. And, Mr. Fugate, I’m glad you’re supporting this very much, and just to let you know, our video project is doing very well out here in the Indian Country.
Administrator Fugate: Great. Good to hear from you.
Telephone operator: Next question comes from Ivan Ivan.
Ivan Ivan: Yes, thank you very much. Ivan Ivan, Chief from the Akiak Native Community. I have a question, and this is, we haven’t followed declared disasters in the past, but if we do, is there a requirement for us to have funding in place, because we’re a very poor tribe, here in the village of Akiak, southwestern Alaska. Is there any matching requirement into declaration of disaster?
Administrator Fugate: Yes, sir, currently, the Stafford Act states that the match shall be no less than 75% federal. So there is a potential for up to 25%, match, from the requesting government, whether it’s a state or a tribe. That’s why it’s important that we have published in the federal registry last Friday a notice requesting stakeholder comments about the declaration process, because much of the rules are written around states. And we know that tribal governments will need additional factors to be considered. So we start with where the rules were with states, and we’ve asked now and the formal request for comments, so we can begin writing the new rules that will be required to administer this on tribal lands, for tribal governments. But I think that a cost share is something that should be seriously discussed, and understood what that means, so that we can make the best recommendation when the rules are written.
Telephone operator: Next up is Robert Holden. The line is open.
Robert Holden: Good afternoon, Mr. Fugate, appreciate your doing this and setting this call up. My, we had our executive council session last week and there was discussion about the timeline in terms of this federal register notice. There seems to be some concern over the comment period. Its 41 days from the time of release. And some governing bodies meet perhaps once during, once a month. And so, what’s the possibility, or what sort of things might be in place regarding comment that tribal governments may have beyond that day.
Beth Zimmerman: Yes, Robert, this is Beth Zimmerman. And for any comments, what will happen, we will take the comments for 45 days, and then once we draft up the first piece of this, then that will go out for comment. So then you will be able to comment on what gets published.
Administrator Fugate: There’s actually two parts here, Robert. We need to get enough comments to get draft rules out to get a formal rule making. This is going to take several years. This wills not something where we’re going to lock in final decisions after 45 days. What we were looking for, was an initial consultation so we could build essentially what the straw men rules would look like. Then that will go through the rule making process which we imagine will take us quite a bit of time because that is a very formal consultation process, to go through, to adjudicate all of the comments. But rather than starting out with draft rules with no input, we wanted to get at least a start. But we didn’t want to delay that because this is key to us being able to continue to provide declaration support, in an environment where the only rules we have were written for states.
Robert Holden: Thank you.
Telephone operator: Dara Lass, your line is open. Please state your tribal affiliation.
Dara Glass: Thank you. Dara Glass. I am the Land Manager for Cook Inlet Region, one of the 12 Regional Native Corporations in Alaska. First off, my first is just a comment in that we at CIRI did not receive a letter regarding, regarding this, so it’s a pleasant surprise for us and we really appreciate it. Secondly, is this retroactive to 2012 by any chance? Because we had, we had a huge disaster in the fall of 2012, and because of our situation being a regional corporation, we had damage to, to, we had millions of dollars of damage throughout the area. And we are just now coming to terms with how much damage there was, and unfortunately, we were unable to participate in the state declaration. And so we’re struggling to how we’re going to rebuild, basically.
Administrator Fugate: Well, the answer, which is not what you probably want to hear, is no. Congress did not provide any ability to apply this retroactively. In effect, once the President signed this bill into law, it changed that designation for all disasters going forward. But there was no provision to go retroactively to any disaster that occurred prior to the President signing the bill into law.
Dara Glass: I figured that was the answer but I had to ask.
Gwen Camp: And Ms. Glass, if I could trouble you so we can make sure that we, that you on to our contact list? Anyone who has not received the letters, and needs to be added to the list, if you could email me at gwen.camp@FEMA.dhs.gov, we’ll make sure that that gets taken care of.
Dara Glass: Great, thank you very much.
Gwen Camp: We’ll also open the line at this point, to any of our travel partners that have questions. Go ahead, operator.
Telephone operator: Thank you. Regis Chevaria, your line is open. Please state your tribal affiliation.
Regis Chavaria: Regis Chavaria, Santa Clara Pueblo, in New Mexico. Administrator Fugate, thank you very much for your support in this endeavor. I have two, one comment and one question. The first comment is, as you can see, the cost share is a great concern to Indian tribes. We are not as cash-strapped as some of the states are, and by that indication, you know, we’re going to have a rough time in trying to afford the cost match. I would really recommend that our constituents, all the other tribes, do comment and hopefully that we can get something up in the 90% range, where the federal government would be able to assist during disasters.
Administrator Fugate: Yeah, on the cost share, here’s what I need to ask. Again, as we recognize as a nation-to-nation relationship, each tribal government is going to have different fiscal issues. I think if we try to make one size fits all, we’re going to draw opposition to adjusted cost shares, unless we have a factor, that recognizes some tribes would be able to afford a cost share of 25%, some tribes even that 90% cost share is going to be very difficult for them. Is what kind of factors would make sense to determining the economic ability of a tribal government to make a match, that would not be one size fits all.
Regis Chavaria: Yes, and I agree with that, and I think that’s going to take a lot of research, and it’s going to take a lot of work to get something to that point. My second comment is when the state receives a disaster award, there’s always some mitigation funds attached to that. A certain percentage of whatever that award is. With tribes, I believe I heard you say that still was going to be the case. My question would be do the tribes now need to have an approved mitigation plan in place, approved by FEMA? Thank you.
Administrator Fugate: The answer is yes. You will have to have an approved FEMA mitigation plan. This, again, because we are operating under the existing rules. Which have the force of law? We just can’t ignore them. We’re doing this, and trying to get these types of issues addressed. But also looking at what kind of technical assistance may be required those we could provide as we’re developing rulemaking, to get to where we need to go. To enable more tribes to have approved mitigation plans, or take those steps that would enable them to receive hazard mitigation dollars. And again, this is where the comment period is important. Again, these mitigation plans are based upon states. There are some tribal entities where that probably are appropriate and make sense. There’s going to be other tribal entities where you may be able to demonstrate good cause for where that may not necessarily be the sole determiner for mitigation dollars. But as it is now, the short answer is, yes, you would need an approved mitigation plan. Yes, mitigation dollars are available, contingent upon that. And no, we can’t waive that requirement until we have new rules that address how we’re going to ensure that our investments for current disasters reduce future disasters through mitigation.
Telephone operator: Thank you. The next question comes from Ebbert Iron Eyes. And if anyone else would like to queue up, please press star 1 at this time to get in the queue line.
Ebbert Iron Eyes: My question is, when a state declares an emergency, would that declaration only apply to tribal members on trust lands? When a tribe requests an emergency declaration.
Administrator Fugate: Yeah, if the tribe is declared, it will be declared based upon the tribal political subdivision description. However, the legal description of the tribal lands are, and any subdivisions within your tribal governments, that’s what would be declared. If you have enrolled members who live off the tribal lands, they would not be eligible for Individual Assistance, unless the governor had requested, and there was a declaration for the counties in which they lived. Now, there are some situations as we become aware of, where there are commonly held properties that are tribal governments, that even though a tribal member may live off the reservation as an enrolled member, they may still have things on the tribal lands that are impacted. But the best we understand it based upon on the current rules, if an enrolled member does not live on tribal lands on the time of the declaration, and the area they live in was not declared, they would not be eligible for Individual Assistance. But Public Assistance would be made available and Individual Assistance on the tribal lands that were declared.
Chris Lindvlad: This is Chris Lindvlad, follow up to Edward’s question. The Standing Rock Reservation currently covers both Sioux County in North Dakota, as well as Corson County in South Dakota, so you’re saying that if the tribe declared disaster emergency, and made that request to the President, that that would only cover those tribal members located on trust lands within the reservation, and that the state, both the state of North Dakota and the state of South Dakota, the governors would then need to request emergency declaration to cover non-Indians on freed land? Is that accurate?
Administrator Fugate: That’s one area that I don’t have an immediate answer for. We got to follow up. Our understanding of this would be enrolled members, on the tribal lands. Non-tribal members, that’s probably something that I’m going to ask, if we have our attorneys on line, to take. I don’t know the answer to that. I think they would. But I’m not sure, because it’s really, where is their residence, versus their enrolled membership. Because I think the easier example is, if you’re an enrolled member but you don’t live on tribal lands, and the tribal lands are declared, you would not be eligible for Individual Assistance. And as far as I know, we’ve always looked at the declarations for were you in the area declared. So, we’re going to have to follow up and get that answer. But the other thing that you point out is because the tribe is in two states; we no longer have to have both states ask for declaration to get the tribe declared.
Telephone operator: Thank you. The next question will come from Glenn Zaring. And I’ll just remind everyone whose queuing up, to state their tribal affiliation. Go ahead sir.
Glenn Zaring: Thank you. Glen Zaring, Little River Band of Ottawa Indians in Michigan, and on the board for the National Tribal Emergency Management Council. My question, first I’d like to thank you for reaching out to the tribes, to consult with us. It’s a very pleasant experience. But, is there going to be any type of reach out to the governors probably through the regional offices from FEMA, to keep them informed of how things are transpiring for the tribes, for their emergency management, so that we don’t end up working at cross purposes.
Administrator Fugate: The answer, in fact the first part of that is because all of the requests go through the Regional Administrator, we know that some tribal governments and the states have very strong relationships. But to ensure that the state is aware, any time we have a declaration request, we inform the governor. As we point out the states, they do not tell us, or they cannot tell the tribes what to ask for, or what not to ask for, or that you can ask or not ask. But we are going to ensure that the governors are aware that if a declaration has been requested, that information, so that they can coordinate as well. We’re also going to be addressing the state emergency management directors. They’ll be in Washington DC next as we roll out the consultation process on the rule making for tribal declarations. And again, our methods to our partners, since this is about self-determination, but we will also work to ensure coordination and information flow, both for tribal governments and state governments so that neither side is bifurcated, because we have now established that tribal governments can ask for declarations.
Glenn Zaring: Thank you very much.
Telephone operator: Ivan Ivan, your line is open.
Ivan Ivan: Thank you very much, Ivan Ivan, Chief from the Akiak Native Community, again. We did declare, we have erosion here, coming to the river front, erosion, on the Kuskokwim River. It was southwest Alaska. We declared a disaster, both city of Akiak and Akiak Native Community combined. But we haven’t had any response from the governor or anyone from state. But right now, the State Emergency Office, Alaska Disaster Office, is doing a mitigation process with us. Even seems like they never respond, but they are working the mitigation plans. If we declare disaster, I know it’s, we’re like in wilderness, and it’s hard to submit something up the ladder. But we did what we could and Alaska Disaster Office working with us on mitigation measures, right now. I just wanted to say that, even though it’s not part of this teleconference.
Administrator Fugate: Thank you. We have an office, actually in Alaska, in our Region 10 office in Seattle. So, we’ll make sure they’re aware of this as well.
Gwen Camp: They’re on the line with us right now.
Ivan Ivan: Thank you very much.
Gwen Camp: OK, we have time for two more questions.
Telephone operator: Thank you, m’am. John Preston. Your line is open; please state your tribal affiliation.
John Preston: John Preston, Quinault Nation, Washington state. I was looking on the thing you guys sent out, the Public Assistance grant, needs, approved administration plan, is there any way we can get a template of that, so we can have it sitting on the shelf, when something does happen?
Administrator Fugate: Yeah, in fact this maybe, you may have hit something that we probably. We have been so focused on the consultation for the rules; I think there’s some things we could put in there as well, as the starter kits of what you would need right now as you go through rule making. So this would be probably something we could add to that. Since you would need that. You’d need your mitigation plan. We have all the templates, we have the request letters. And most, of that is sitting over where you would expect to look if you were a state. And I think that’s just a continuing education for us, is that we’ve got to make sure we’re placing it specifically for tribal governments and where we can tailor that, do that as well. We will make that happen.
John Preston: Thank you. I appreciate that.
Telephone operator: Vince Rodriguez, you’ll be our last question.
Vince Rodriguez: Yes, this is Vince Rodriguez, with the Pueblo of Laguna, in New Mexico. I have a question. With the FEMA regional tribal liaisons 50%, will they be now at full time, and will they be tribal members?
Administrator Fugate: The first answer is no. Not given the resources that we have at this point. But it is certainly something that we continue to evaluate. And, there was not a requirement for them to be enrolled members of a tribal government. And, again, that has more to do with HR processes than any desire to shut out. However, as we do have positions open, we always solicit, and would like input and the opportunity to have candidates that are enrolled members apply for the job. Not only the tribal liaisons, but on all positions within FEMA.
Vince Rodriguez: Thank you.
Telephone operator: We do have one more question.
Gwen Camp: Go ahead.
Telephone operator: Perry Two Feathers Tripp, your line is open.
Perry Two Feathers Tripp: Thank you for this opportunity. I’m with intertribal council of California, special officer assigned to the California emergency management in Homeland Security program for the tribes in California. My question is with regards to tribes submitting declarations to FEMA for disaster. In public law 283, most tribes in California are dependent upon the local resources, and my question is with concern of the share, whether it be state or tribal, and how public law 280 states, depending upon the local emergency response services, how that would be addressed, or if there’s any special considerations for tribes in public law 283.
Administrator Fugate: We met with justice. I can tell you it’s going to be extremely complicated. And that’s why it’s going to be important in the rule making and consultation process, that we get the hard to do issues identified early. And don’t let them emerge after rules have been written. We know that there are very specific provisions to that status that are not going to be easy to address in our current declaration process. And in some cases, it may be again where tribal governments will elect to work through the state. But we certainly want to make sure that we have the elements there to allow tribes to self-determine that. But in talking with justice staff reports that this will be a challenge and we need to get on it early, and know what the answers are, and not wait until we’re through with rulemaking to realize that we have not addressed these issues.
Perry Two Feathers Tripp: Thank you very much. And I will be willing to work with you all on that, in California.
Gwen Camp: Thank you very much and before we turn it back to Charlie and the Administrator for closing comments, I want to encourage everyone to visit fema.gov backslash tribal consultation, fema.gov backslash tribal consultation, with a hyphen in between the two words. You can find the links there to the federal register, notice links for more information, the legislation, and also some of the templates that were mentioned today. Charlie any closing thoughts?
Telephone operator: Ma’am Mr. Galbraith has disconnected earlier
Gwen Camp: He is on the road
Gwen Camp: Administrator Fugate
Administrator Fugate: Thanks everybody this is the start of the journey the journey to get the bill signed is over. Now the journey begins to write the rules for the Stafford Act so we can administer to the greatest possible benefit to the tribal government recognizing their sovereignty and nation-to-nation relationships and self-determination. This will not be easy as you heard on the calls there are some areas that are going to be extremely difficult but that is no reason not to bring these issues up we need your participation to continue to grow our relation with our recognized tribal government leaders
Telephone operator: This does conclude today’s conference call. Thank you for your participation. You may disconnect your lines at this time.