Main Content

Safe Rooms

A safe room is a hardened structure specifically designed to meet the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) criteria and provide near-absolute protection in extreme weather events, including tornadoes and hurricanes. Near-absolute protection means that, based on our current knowledge of tornadoes and hurricanes, the occupants of a safe room built in accordance with FEMA guidance will have a very high probability of being protected from injury or death.

To be considered a FEMA safe room, the structure must be designed and constructed to the guidelines specified in  FEMA P-320Taking Shelter from the Storm: Building a Safe Room for Your Home or Small Business  and FEMA P-361Safe Rooms for Tornadoes and Hurricanes: Guidance for Community and Residential Safe Rooms. For more information on residential safe room doors, please download the Residential Tornado Safe Room Doors Fact Sheet.

Residential Safe Rooms

  • Building a Safe Room in Your House
  • Residential Funding Opportunities
  • Examples and Case Studies

Public and Community Safe Rooms

  • Community Funding Opportunities
  • Examples and Case Studies

FEMA strongly encourages homeowners and communities to build safe rooms, but cannot endorse or approve specific manufacturers or producers. Disclaimer.

Additional Resources

Additional Websites

Visit Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) for information on grants. If you need additional information on HMA grants, contact the HMA Helpline by calling (866) 222-3580.

Questions? Click on the "Frequently Asked Questions" link to view FAQs about design and construction of safe rooms. If you need additional information about the design and construction of safe rooms, contact the Safe Room Helpline by email at or by calling (866) 927-2104.

Sign up for GovDelivery Updates to get the latest news and information.

Last Updated: 
09/19/2018 - 12:23