The free safe room resources listed below have been developed by FEMA's Building Science Branch.
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Safe Room Publications
The criteria for a safe room are provided in FEMA P-361, Safe Rooms for Tornadoes and Hurricanes: Guidance for Community and Residential Safe Rooms
Basic safe room information and construction drawings for site-built safe rooms are provided in FEMA P-320, Taking Shelter from the Storm: Building or Installing a Safe Room for Your Home
FEMA’s safe room guidance also references criteria in ICC 500, Standard for the Design and Construction of Storm Shelters.
- Community Tornado Safe Room Doors Installation and Maintenance Fact Sheet
- Best Available Refuge Area Checklist
- Residential Tornado Safe Room Doors Fact Sheet
- Foundation and Anchoring Criteria for Safe Rooms Fact Sheet
- Highlights of ICC 500-2020
- Flood Hazard Elevation and Siting Criteria for Community Safe Rooms
- Flood Hazard Elevation and Siting Criteria for Residential Safe Rooms
- Additional One-Page Safe Room Resources
Search for safe room case studies in our Mitigation Best Practices library.
Legacy and Historical Information
Please note that FEMA does not provide inspection services, nor endorse, approve, certify, or recommend any contractors, individuals, firms, or products. Contractors, individuals, and firms, are prohibited from stating that they are, or produce products that are, "FEMA approved" or "FEMA certified."
The following MAT Reports include safe room or wind shelter related observations and may be downloaded from FEMA’s Mitigation Assessment Team website:
- FEMA P-1020 Formal Observation Report - Tornado: Moore, Oklahoma, May 20, 2013
- FEMA P-908, Mitigation Assessment Team Report - Spring 2011 Tornadoes: April 25-28 and May 22
- FEMA 342, Building Performance Assessment Team Report - Midwest Tornadoes of May 3, 1999
- FEMA P-2077, Mitigation Assessment Team Report – Hurricane Michael In Florida
- FEMA P-2020, Mitigation Assessment Team Report – Hurricanes Irma and Maria in Puerto Rico
- FEMA P-757, Mitigation Assessment Team Report – Hurricane Ike in Texas and Louisiana
- FEMA P-549, Mitigation Assessment Team Report – Hurricane Katrina in the Gulf Coast
- FEMA P-489, Mitigation Assessment Team Report – Hurricane Ivan in Alabama and Florida
- FEMA P-488, Mitigation Assessment Team Report – Hurricane Charley in Florida
- Highlights of ICC 500 - 2014
- Fair Grove Community Safe Room Operations & Maintenance Plan
- Joplin Schools Community Safe Room Operations & Maintenance Plan
Wall Sections That Passed Previous Missile Impact Test
The Texas Tech University National Wind Institute (NWI) provides reports on wall sections that passed previous missile impact testing standards, and more information on the testing protocol. The testing on these wall sections may or may not have been more stringent than current standards, and it is important to note that they may not necessarily pass current missile impact testing.
Report information typically includes a description of the wall construction— stud wall with plywood and/or metal sheathing, stud wall with concrete infill, reinforced CMU wall, insulating concrete form wall—cross-section illustration, test missile speed and description of damage. The list can be used by consumers and industry as a resource of knowledge gained from past testing to determine which wall sections could be considered for use in a safe room application.