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OpenFEMA Dataset: Disaster Declarations Summaries

Version: 1
Last Data Refresh: 09-08-2020
Entity Name DisasterDeclarationsSummaries
API Endpoint https://www.fema.gov/api/open/v1/DisasterDeclarationsSummaries
Update Frequency
Program URL https://www.fema.gov/disasters
Category
Keywords disaster, declaration, fema, nemis, emergency

Description

FEMA Disaster Declarations Summary is a summarized dataset describing all federally declared disasters. This dataset lists all official FEMA Disaster Declarations, beginning with the first disaster declaration in 1953 and features all three disaster declaration types: major disaster, emergency, and fire management assistance. The dataset includes declared recovery programs and geographic areas (county not available before 1964; Fire Management records are considered partial due to historical nature of the dataset).

Please note the unique structure of the disaster sequencing (due to a numbering system that originated in the 1950's-1970's):

0001-1999 Major Disaster Declaration

2000-2999 Fire Management

3000-3999 Emergency Declaration (Special Emergency)

4000- Major Disaster Declaration

This is raw, unedited data from FEMA's National Emergency Management Information System (NEMIS) and as such is subject to a small percentage of human error. The dataset is primarily composed of historical data that was manually entered into NEMIS after it launched in 1998. The financial information is derived from NEMIS and not FEMA's official financial systems.

Due to differences in reporting periods, status of obligations, and how business rules are applied, this financial information may differ slightly from official publication on public websites such as http://www.usaspending.gov. This dataset is not intended to be used for any official federal financial reporting.

A newer version of this OpenFEMA data set has been released. This older dataset version will no longer be updated and will be archived by the end of April 2020. The following page details the latest version of this data set: https://www.fema.gov/openfema-dataset-disaster-declarations-summaries-v2. CSV and JSON Files can be downloaded from the 'Full Data' section.

To access the dataset through an API endpoint, visit the 'API Endpoint' section of the above page. Accessing data in this fashion permits data filtering, sorting, and field selection. The OpenFEMA API Documentation page provides information on API usage.

If you have media inquiries about this dataset please email the FEMA News Desk FEMA-News-Desk@dhs.gov or call (202) 646-3272. For inquiries about FEMA's data and Open government program please contact the OpenFEMA team via email OpenFEMA@fema.dhs.gov.

Full Data

Format Address Record Count Approximate File Size
csv Link to csv 59821 small (10MB - 50MB)
json Link to json 59821 small (10MB - 50MB)
jsona Link to jsona 59821 small (10MB - 50MB)

Data Fields

Name Title Type Description Is Searchable
ihProgramDeclared IH Program Declared
boolean
Denotes whether the Individuals and Households program was declared for this disaster. For more information on the program, please visit https://www.fema.gov no
state State
string
The name or phrase describing the U.S. state, district, or territory no
disasterNumber Disaster Number
number
Sequentially assigned number used to designate an event or incident declared as a disaster. For more information on the disaster process, visit https://www.fema.gov no
declarationDate Declaration Date
date
Date the disaster was declared no
hmProgramDeclared HM Program Declared
boolean
Denotes whether the Hazard Mitigation program was declared for this disaster. For more information on the program, please visit: https://www.fema.gov no
paProgramDeclared PA Program Declared
boolean
Denotes whether the Public Assistance program was declared for this disaster. For more information on the program, please visit https://www.fema.gov no
iaProgramDeclared IA Program Declared
boolean
Denotes whether the Individual Assistance program was declared for this disaster. For more information on the program, please visit https://www.fema.gov no
fyDeclared FY Declared
number
Fiscal year in which the disaster was declared no
disasterType Disaster Type
string
Two character code that defines if this is a major disaster, fire management, or emergency declaration. For more information on the disaster process, please visit https://www.fema.gov no
placeCode Place Code
string
A unique code system FEMA uses internally to recognize locations that takes the numbers '99' + the 3-digit county FIPS code. There are some declared locations that don't have recognized FIPS county codes in which case we assigned a unique identifier no
title Title
string
Title for the disaster no
disasterCloseoutDate Disaster Closeout Date
date
Date all financial transactions for all programs are completed no
incidentEndDate Incident End Date
date
Date the incident itself ended no
incidentBeginDate Incident Begin Date
date
Date the incident itself began no
incidentType Incident Type
string
Type of incident such as fire or flood. The incident type will affect the types of assistance available. For more information on incident types, please visit https://www.fema.gov no
declaredCountyArea Declared County Area
string
The name or phrase describing the U.S. county that was included in the declaration no
lastRefresh Last Refresh
date
Date the record was last updated in the API data store no
hash Hash
string
MD5 Hash of the fields and values of the record no
id ID
string
Unique ID assigned to the record no
declarationDate Declaration Date
date
Date the disaster was declared no
fyDeclared FY Declared
number
Fiscal year in which the disaster was declared no
femaDeclarationString FEMA Declaration String
string
Agency standard method for uniquely identifying Stafford Act declarations - Concatenation of declaration type, disaster number and state code. Ex: DR-4393-NC no
ihProgramDeclared IH Program Declared
boolean
Denotes whether the Individuals and Households program was declared for this disaster. For more information on the program, please visit https://www.fema.gov no
hmProgramDeclared HM Program Declared
boolean
Denotes whether the Hazard Mitigation program was declared for this disaster. For more information on the program, please visit https://www.fema.gov no
disasterNumber Disaster Number
number
Sequentially assigned number used to designate an event or incident declared as a disaster. For more information on the disaster process, please visit https://www.fema.gov no
declarationType Declaration Type
string
Two character code that defines if this is a major disaster, fire management, or emergency declaration. For more information on the disaster process, please visit https://www.fema.gov no
state State
string
The name or phrase describing the U.S. state, district, or territory no
incidentType Incident Type
string
Type of incident such as fire or flood. The incident type will affect the types of assistance available. For more information on incident types, please visit https://www.fema.gov no
declarationTitle Declaration Title
string
Title for the disaster no
iaProgramDeclared IA Program Declared
boolean
Denotes whether the Individual Assistance program was declared for this disaster. For more information on the program, please visit https://www.fema.gov no
paProgramDeclared PA Program Declared
boolean
Denotes whether the Public Assistance program was declared for this disaster. For more information on the program, please visit https://www.fema.gov no
designatedArea Designated Area
string
The name or phrase describing the U.S. county that was included in the declaration no
incidentBeginDate Incident Begin Date
date
Date the incident itself began no
lastRefresh Last Refresh
date
Date the record was last updated in the API data store no
id ID
string
Unique ID assigned to the record no
disasterCloseoutDate Disaster Closeout Date
date
Date all financial transactions for all programs are completed no
placeCode Place Code
string
A unique code system FEMA uses internally to recognize locations that takes the numbers '99' + the 3-digit county FIPS code. There are some declared locations that don't have recognized FIPS county codes in which case we assigned a unique identifier no
fipsCountyCode FIPS County Code
string
FIPS three-digit numeric code used to identify counties and county equivalents in the United States, the District of Columbia, US territories, outlying areas of the US and freely associated states no
fipsStateCode FIPS State Code
string
FIPS two-digit numeric code used to identify the United States, the District of Columbia, US territories, outlying areas of the US and freely associated states no
incidentEndDate Incident End Date
date
Date the incident itself ended no
declarationRequestNumber Declaration Request Number
string
Unique ID assigned to request for a disaster declaration no
hash Hash
string
MD5 Hash of the fields and values of the record no

See Also

Access the metadata API calls for additional information:

Last updated Sep 8, 2020