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National Disaster Recovery Framework

The National Disaster Recovery Framework is a guide that enables effective recovery support to disaster-impacted States, Tribes, Territorial and local jurisdictions. It provides a flexible structure that enables disaster recovery managers to operate in a unified and collaborative manner. It also focuses on how best to restore, redevelop and revitalize the health, social, economic, natural and environmental fabric of the community and build a more resilient Nation.

The National Disaster Recovery Framework is consistent with the vision set forth in theNDRF Graphic with varying seals - National Disaster Recovery Framework - Recovery Support Functions and Coordinating Agencies - Learn more Presidential Policy Directive (PPD)-8, National Preparedness, which directs FEMA to work with interagency partners to publish a recovery framework. It is the first framework published under the Presidential Policy Directive reflecting the core recovery capabilities by supporting operational plans as an integral element of a National Preparedness System. It is a first step toward the PPD-8 objective to achieve a shared understanding and a common, integrated perspective across all mission areas—Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response, and Recovery—in order to achieve unity of effort and make the most effective use of the Nation’s limited resources.

For the first time, the National Disaster Recovery Framework defines:

  • eight principles that guide recovery core capability development and recovery support activities under the NDRF,
  • roles and responsibilities of recovery coordinators and other stakeholders,
  • a coordinating structure that facilitates communication and collaboration among all stakeholders, guidance for pre- and post-disaster recovery planning and;
  • the overall process by which communities can capitalize on opportunities to rebuild stronger, smarter and safer.

The National Disaster Recovery Framework introduces six new Recovery Support Functions that provide a structure to facilitate problem solving, improve access to resources, and foster coordination among State and Federal agencies, nongovernmental partners and stakeholders. Each Recovery Support Function has coordinating and primary Federal agencies and supporting organizations that operate together with local, State and Tribal government officials, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and private sector partners. The Recovery Support Function coordinated by FEMA is Community Planning Capacity Building.

The National Disaster Recovery Framework presents three positions that provide focal points for incorporating recovery considerations into the decision making process and monitoring the need for adjustments in assistance where necessary and feasible throughout the recovery process. Those positions are Federal Disaster Recovery Coordinator (FDRC), State or Tribal Disaster Recovery Coordinators (SDRC or TDRC) and Local Disaster Recovery Managers (LDRM).


Pre-disaster Recovery Planning Resources

NDRF promotes the importance of both pre-and post-disaster recovery planning as a key to a well-orchestrated recovery process at the local, state, and tribal levels. Pre-disaster recovery plans are important because they establish resilience through  leadership and structure, form key communication channels, and build whole-community partnerships to support recovery efforts.

The two resources below, a third for Tribal governments on the way, are very effective for helping your government and community create a pre-disaster recovery plan.

1)The Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Guide for State Governments enables states to more easily adapt to new post-disaster roles needed to manage new or modified sources of state and federal recovery resources.  Using this guide to develop state capability will not only allow your state or territory to be more effective in recovery, but it will help you better communicate and interface with your federal and local recovery partners.

2)The Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Guide for Local Governments provides tools for public engagement, whole-community recovery, identification of existing recovery resources, and identifying outside partnerships that can help local governments build resilience both pre- and post- disaster.

3) FEMA's Planning page provides information on operational and strategic planning.

Post-disaster Recovery Resources

The Community Recovery Management Toolkit is designed to help communities manage long-term recovery. The toolkit guides you through a 3 step process of Organizing for Recovery, Planning for Recovery, and Managing recovery, while also giving you resources from other recovery support functions (seen in Core Capability Specific Resources).

Non-Stafford Act Events

The Effective Coordination of Recovery Resources for State, Tribal, Territorial and Local Incidents outlines best practices and approaches for states, tribes, and territories to help enable a more effective recovery for local communities after an incident of any size or scale. Building on the principles and concepts outlined in the National Disaster Recovery Framework, this guide will better position recovery stakeholders to lead, coordinate and support impacted communities in a more efficient, effective and equitable manner. It is designed to be applied after an incident, either in concert with existing pre-incident recovery plans or to enhance post-incident planning efforts.

Last Updated: 
10/22/2018 - 15:50