Individual Assistance Fact Sheets (34)
- Collection Created:
- May 15, 2014
The CCP supports short-term interventions that involve the counseling goals of assisting disaster survivors in understanding their current situation and reactions, mitigating stress, assisting survivors in reviewing their disaster recovery options, promoting the use or development of coping strategies, providing emotional support, and encouraging linkages with other individuals and agencies who may help survivors in their recovery process. This document gives a brief program overview of CCP.
The purpose of Disaster Legal Services (DLS) is to provide legal assistance to low-income individuals who prior to or as a result of the disaster, are unable to secure legal services adequate to meet their disaster-related needs. This fact sheet outlines when DLS can be provided and explains the general conditions and limitations of DLS.
The purpose of Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA) is to provide unemployment benefits and re-employment services to individuals who have become unemployed as a result of a major disaster and who are not eligible for regular State unemployment insurance. This fact sheet outlines general information pertaining to the requirements and conditions under which an individual may be eligible for DUA.
This fact sheet describes the Emergency Food and Shelter Program.
The Emergency Food and Shelter Program (EFSP) is a federally funded program administrated by FEMA. Authorized by the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act of 1987 (P.L. 100-77; reauthorized under P.L. 100-628), EFSP implementation is not contingent on a Presidential major disaster declaration. The EFSP funding is for people with non-disaster related emergencies and can be used for a broad range of services.
EFSP supplements and expands ongoing work of local social service organizations, both nonprofit and governmental, to provide shelter, food and supportive services to individuals, families, and households who have economic, non-disaster related emergencies. EFSP funding is open to all organizations helping individuals, families, and households who are experiencing, or at risk of, food insecurity and/or homelessness.
This fact sheet describes the eligible costs associated with FEMA Funeral Assistance under the Individuals and Households Program (IHP).
The Individuals and Households Program (IHP) provides financial help or direct services to those who have necessary expenses and serious needs if they are unable to meet the needs through other means. This fact sheet gives a brief introduction to the forms of help offered under the IHP.
Traditionally, mass media used to alert and warn the American public has not incorporated the use of technologies needed to reach Americans with disabilities and others with access and functional needs. Executive Order 13407 requires the Federal Emergency Management Agency to “include in the public alert and warning system the capability to alert and warn all Americans, including those with disabilities” therefore reaching our whole community. In response, FEMA established the Integrated Public Alert and Warning System.
Under the Other Needs Assistance provision of the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) Individuals and Households Program, and in conjunction with the State or Tribe, eligible applicants may be reimbursed for the purchase or rental of a generator required for medical purposes. Funds awarded for generator reimbursement are counted toward an applicant’s financial assistance limit, which is an annually adjusted amount based on the Consumer Price Index.
FEMA may provide direct assistance to eligible disaster survivors through either the Multi-family Lease & Repair Program, in which FEMA contracts with the property owner or landlord to repair multi-family rental units for use as temporary housing, or by providing Manufactured Housing Units (MHUs). This fact sheet outlines the use of MHUs.
The DCM Toolbox contains tools, guidance, and job aids to assist non-federal entities in applying for the Disaster Case Management federal award. The Toolbox is currently being updated; check back for additional information.”
The purpose of the Cora Brown Fund is to help provide for disaster-related needs that have not or will not be met by governmental agencies or any other organization, which has programs to address such needs. The Cora Brown Fund is for survivors of presidentially declared major disasters or emergencies not caused by or attributable to war. Disaster survivors do not apply for assistance from the fund; instead, they are identified and recommended by a FEMA Regional Director or his/her representatives, with assistance from other governmental agencies and voluntary disaster agencies.
The DSA mission is to build and sustain an expeditionary cadre that can establish a timely presence primarily focused on addressing the needs of disproportionately impacted populations and disaster survivors.
The Sandy Recovery Improvement Act of 2013 provides FEMA the specific authority to award Child Care Assistance through the Other Needs Assistance (ONA) provision of the Individuals and Households Program (IHP), to assist disaster survivors who have a disaster-caused financial burden for child care. FEMA may provide Child Care Assistance to address disaster-caused child care expenses for eligible households with:
• Children aged 13 and under; and/or
• Children aged 14 up to 18 with a disability, as defined by federal law, who need assistance caring for themselves.
Child Care Assistance is a form of financial assistance and funds are paid directly to eligible applicants. FEMA will award a one-time payment for the household’s increased financial burden for up to eight cumulative weeks of child care, plus any eligible expenses, or the maximum amount of assistance for Child Care Assistance, whichever is less. The maximum amount of Child Care Assistance is established by the state, territorial, or tribal government.
A Disaster Recovery Center (DRC) is a fixed or mobile provisional facility set up by FEMA that provides a central location near disaster impacted areas where Federal, State, Tribal, and non-government organizations have recovery information, assistance, and services to disaster survivors. This facility offers disaster survivors a place to register with FEMA and obtain information and assistance on disaster relief resources available from Federal, State, and Tribal Nations and non-governmental organizations.
As part of the effort to reduce future expenses from floods, FEMA directly purchases Group Flood Insurance Policy (GFIP) certificates on behalf of applicants who are required to obtain and maintain flood insurance. The National Flood Insurance Reform Act (NFIRA) of 1994 requires FEMA applicants to obtain and maintain flood insurance after receiving Individuals and Households Program (IHP) real and/or personal property assistance, when the pre-disaster home is located in a Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA); this is otherwise known as a flood insurance requirement. The GFIP is a policy that is established for each disaster declaration that results from flooding and authorizes the Individual Assistance program.
FEMA has the statutory requirement to facilitate the reunification of unaccompanied minors with their custodial parents/legal guardians, as well as the voluntary reunification of adults with their families, during declared emergencies or major disasters. Working collaboratively with whole community partners, FEMA Mass Care/Emergency Assistance (MC/EA) develops procedures, identifies best practices and provides resources to strengthen reunification services. MC/EA facilitates partner agreements and identifies and develops new resources and tools, including training and exercises, in support of state, local, tribal, and territorial (SLTT) governmental reunification planning and operations. FEMA coordinates deployment of national reunification resources, both human and material, to support state-led reunification task forces as well as field operations.
FEMA may provide assistance to active military and civilian personnel if it is not duplicated with assistance offered by the Department of Defense or other available resources.
Active duty military personnel stationed outside of the country can authorize a third party to be present for a FEMA inspection of disaster damage to their primary residence.
When a local, state, territorial, or Indian Tribal Government determines that an incident exceeds their capabilities to respond, the mayor, governor or Indian Tribal Chief Executive must request a declaration from the President. The President may authorize Individual Assistance programs and services based upon whether the resulting damage and its effects are of such severity and magnitude as to be beyond the response capabilities of the state, affected local governments, and other potential recipients of supplementary Federal assistance.
The Individual Assistance mission ensure disaster survivors have timely access to a full range of authorized programs and services to maximize recovery, through partnered coordination of local, state, territorial, and Indian Tribal governments, as well as other Federal Agencies, nongovernmental organizations and the private sector.
The FEMA Emergency Support Function 6 – Support System (ESF6-SS) is a coordinated nationwide database of facilities and locations with the ability to provide emergency sheltering, feeding, emergency supply distribution, reunification, and a number of other essential, life sustaining services that are beneficial to the welfare of disaster survivors.
FEMA may provide financial assistance to individuals and households who, as a result of the disaster, have immediate or critical needs because they are displaced from their primary dwelling. Immediate or critical needs are life-saving and life-sustaining items including, but not limited to: water, food, first aid, prescriptions, infant formula, diapers, consumable medical supplies, durable medical equipment, personal hygiene items, and fuel for transportation.