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Criteria for Preparation and Evaluation of Radiological Emergency Response Plans and Preparedness in Support of NuclearPower Plants

As part of the domestic licensing of commercial nuclear power plants (NPPs), the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) evaluate emergency preparedness activities at these facilities. Preparedness activities for a radiological incident at a nuclear power plant (NPP) are an essential part of planning and preparing for communities that could be affected by an incident at the facility. FEMA’s role is to review and provide findings to the NRC on planning and preparedness activities of state, tribal, and local governments, licensee emergency response organizations, if applicable, and other supporting organizations (collectively referred to as Offsite Response Organizations or OROs). FEMA performs this activity before the NRC issues a license to operate an NPP, as well as provides ongoing certifications that planning and preparedness efforts are effective and consistent with relevant regulatory guidelines. The NRC evaluates applicants for NPP site permits, construction permits, and operating licenses. As a part of that evaluation, the NRC reviews the licensees’ emergency plans and preparedness efforts