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An Environmental Assessment (EA) is prepared for certain FEMA projects to meet the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act. An EA is a concise public document that provides evidence and analysis for determining the extent of the impacts of a proposed action and reasonable alternative actions. FEMA will use the findings in an EA to determine whether to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) or a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI).
FEMA is required by law to provide public notice of the agency’s intent to provide federal assistance and grant opportunities post-disaster via the Public Assistance (PA), Individual Assistance (IA), or Hazard Mitigation Grant (HMGP) programs. FEMA is also required to engage in appropriate levels of public involvement for federal actions that require compliance under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA), EO11988: Floodplain Management, EO11990: Wetlands Protection, and EO12898: Environmental Justice.