Funding Nature-Based Solutions

The Public Assistance Program is FEMA’s largest grant program, providing funds to assist communities responding to and recovering from declared disasters. The program provides funding for both restoring community infrastructure and increasing resilience of disaster-damaged facilities.

FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Assistance programs provides funding to eligible state, local, tribal, and territorial partners to reduce risk from many hazards. A state and/or local FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plan is required to receive hazard mitigation assistance funding.

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Learn more about mitigation planning and the requirements for applying to certain types of grants.

Learn More About Each Grant Program

Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC) supports mitigation planning and projects that seek to undertake hazard mitigation initiatives, reducing the risks faced from disasters and natural hazards.

The Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) program funds mitigation planning and projects that reduce or eliminate the risk of repetitive flood damage to buildings insured by the National Flood Insurance Program.

FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) provides funding to state, local, tribal and territorial governments so they can rebuild in a way that reduces, or mitigates, future disaster losses in their communities. This grant funding is available after a presidentially declared disaster.

The Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) has Post Fire assistance available to help communities implement hazard mitigation measures after wildfire disasters.

Explore Case Studies about Funding

Click the titles below to read more about examples of successfully funded nature-based solutions.

This project received funding during Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities grant program's inaugural year to restore stream channels, construct wetlands, reforest floodplains, demolish roadways and develop multi-modal paths to reduce future flood losses and enhance the equity of park space to disadvantaged populations.
The Ecosystem Service Benefits in Benefit-Cost Analysis for FEMA’s Mitigation Program Policy reduces the complexity of Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grants by removing the limitation on ecosystem service benefits allowing them to be included in mitigation projects regardless of the value.
For FY20, this project received FEMA’s Flood Mitigation Assistance grant program funding to counteract further degradation by establishing 2.42 miles of permanent lake rim along the northern perimeter of the project area and restoring 401.2 acres of broken marsh.
Many potential applicants do not understand how to develop competitive nature-based hazard mitigation project proposals for FEMA Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) programs.). Without clear understanding a community may miss out on the opportunity to help reduce its potential for flood disasters.
Last updated October 14, 2021