Funding Nature-Based Solutions

The Public Assistance Program is FEMA’s largest grant program, providing funds to assist communities responding to and recovering from declared disasters. The program provides funding for both restoring community infrastructure and increasing resilience of disaster-damaged facilities.

FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Assistance programs provides funding to eligible state, local, tribal, and territorial partners to reduce risk from many hazards. A state and/or local FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plan is required to receive hazard mitigation assistance funding.

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Learn more about mitigation planning and the requirements for applying to certain types of grants.

Learn More About Each Grant Program

Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC) supports mitigation planning and projects that seek to undertake hazard mitigation initiatives, reducing the risks faced from disasters and natural hazards.

The Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) program funds mitigation planning and projects that reduce or eliminate the risk of repetitive flood damage to buildings insured by the National Flood Insurance Program.

FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) provides funding to state, local, tribal and territorial governments so they can rebuild in a way that reduces, or mitigates, future disaster losses in their communities. This grant funding is available after a presidentially declared disaster.

The Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) has Post Fire assistance available to help communities implement hazard mitigation measures after wildfire disasters.

Explore Case Studies about Funding

Click the titles below to read more about examples of successfully funded nature-based solutions.

Proposed communitywide mitigation solution that will counter the effects of climate change, protect nearly 1,000 structures from flooding, and yield multiple ancillary benefits.
A highly vulnerable coastal community will gain improvements through improving a local seawall to reduce National Flood Insurance Program claims and protect this disadvantaged community with an adaptive flood protection system.
Improving the ecological health of Louisiana State University’s six lakes will improve water flows and decrease flooding.
Using nature-based solutions to provide critical protection from wildfires for some of the most vulnerable communities.
A coastal community in Virginia with several protected natural resources will implement a variety of infrastructure, nature-based, and community outreach and education solutions in order to improve resilience against worsening chronic flooding.
Mitigating multiple climate change vulnerabilities in an increasingly influential city. This is a Justice40 project.
Optimizing structures and providing nature-based solutions to combat increased flood risk and sea level rise threats in one of the nation’s most rapidly growing areas. This is a Justice40 project.
everely disadvantaged community along the Sacramento River will implement a combination of nature-based solutions and levee hardening to protect the Grimes community and critical infrastructure from flooding, while also restoring riparian habitats and conserving endangered species. This is a Justice40 project.
Increasing sewage capacity to mitigate future floods in historically vulnerable neighborhoods. This is a Justice40 project.
Southern California beach communities are facing severe, tidally induced erosion; the implementation of nature-based solutions, namely vegetated sand dunes, will reduce the impacts of sea level rise and protect the local residential communities and marine ecosystems from flooding.
A highly vulnerable, mixed-use neighborhood that provides critical services to New York City will implement a multifaceted construction project using nature-based solutions to improve climate resilience.
Nature-based flood control and multi-functional open space solution will mitigate the impacts of extreme rainfall events in New York City low-income housing community. This is a Justice40 project.
Large community housing complex in Brooklyn, New York, will implement multi-functional nature-based solutions to increase flood resilience and reduce the impacts of extreme heat. This is a Justice40 project.
Mitigating flood risk to protect a crucial railroad junction, connecting millions of Americans and economic impact. This is a Justice40 project.
Meriden nature-based solution will help a vulnerable community experiencing repetitive flooding. This is a Justice40 project.
Protecting historic buildings and town identity from flood vulnerabilities. This is a Justice40 project.
Vital economic and business community in a growing region secures flood protection for the next century.
Critical nature-based solution to rural community mitigates future flood risk.
Flood risk mitigation project will improve resilience to sea level rise in California’s disadvantaged Bayside community.
Duharts Creek in Gastonia, North Carolina, will be strengthened by restoring the stream, stabilizing the creek bank, and realigning critical water and power infrastructure.
Rural agricultural town in North Carolina implements nature-based solution to decrease impervious surfaces and improve flood resilience. This is a Justice40 project.
Using nature-based solutions to protect a vulnerable population center from increased flood and storm water intensity.
Implementation of nature-based solution will reduce flood risk in environmental justice neighborhood in Boston, where sea level rise and chronic flooding pose significant threats to communities.
Persistent drought in Kern County has impacted agriculture and fishing, affecting recreational activities and putting the community at risk during fire season.
This project received funding during Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities grant program's inaugural year to restore stream channels, construct wetlands, reforest floodplains, demolish roadways and develop multi-modal paths to reduce future flood losses and enhance the equity of park space to disadvantaged populations.
The Ecosystem Service Benefits in Benefit-Cost Analysis for FEMA’s Mitigation Program Policy reduces the complexity of Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grants by removing the limitation on ecosystem service benefits allowing them to be included in mitigation projects regardless of the value.
For FY20, this project received FEMA’s Flood Mitigation Assistance grant program funding to counteract further degradation by establishing 2.42 miles of permanent lake rim along the northern perimeter of the project area and restoring 401.2 acres of broken marsh.
Many potential applicants do not understand how to develop competitive nature-based hazard mitigation project proposals for FEMA Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) programs.). Without clear understanding a community may miss out on the opportunity to help reduce its potential for flood disasters.
Last updated October 14, 2021