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National Preparedness System

The National Preparedness System outlines an organized process for everyone in the whole community to move forward with their preparedness activities and achieve the National Preparedness Goal

Six Parts of the National Preparedness System

Identifying and Assessing Risk

First, collect historical and recent data on existing, potential and perceived threats and hazards. The results of these risk assessments form the basis for the remaining steps.

National Risk & Capability Assessment

Estimating Capability Requirements

Next, determine the specific capabilities and activities to best address those risks. Some capabilities may already exist, and some may need to be built or improved.

Core Capabilities & Mission Areas

Building and Sustaining Capabilities

This involves figuring out the best way to use limited resources to build capabilities. You can use the risk assessment to prioritize resources to address the highest probability or highest consequence threats.

National Incident Management System

Planning to Deliver Capabilities

Because preparedness efforts involve and affect the whole community, it’s important that you coordinate your plans with other organizations.

National Planning System

Validating Capabilities

Now it’s time to see if your activities are working as intended. Participating in exercises, simulations or other activities helps you identify gaps in your plans and capabilities.

Emergency Planning Exercises

Reviewing and Updating

It is important to regularly review and update all capabilities, resources and plans. Risks and resources evolve—and so should your preparedness.

Last updated Jul 31, 2020

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