- Federal Environmental Requirements and Agencies
- State of California Environmental Requirements and Agencies
- Environmental Issues
- Historic and Cultural Preservation Issues
- Programmatic Environmental Assessment (PEA) for California
- Programmatic Section 7 Consultations for California
- Programmatic Historic Preservation Agreement for California
California is located on the west coast of the mainland United States, and borders the RIX states of Nevada and Arizona. The time zone in California is UTC/GMT-8, with Daylight Savings Time.
Recent disasters included severe storms, flooding, landslides, mudslides, debris flow, levee breaks, and wildfires that destroyed forests infested with bark beetles.
California is particularly susceptible to earthquakes. With 33 million people, California is the country's most populous state. Densely populated coastal cities located on faults are at special risk.
Sacramento, the state capital, is located in north central California. The FEMA Region IX office is located in Oakland. Semi-permanent Joint (FEMA-State-Tribal) Field Offices (JFOs) are located in Rancho Cordova near Sacramento, and in Pasadena, as needed.
Federal Environmental Requirements and Agencies
Compliance with the federal National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and other laws is required for obligation of FEMA funds. FEMA's Region 9 Environmental Office consults with the following agencies and others as needed:
US Environmental Protection Agency (Region 9)
State of California Environmental Requirements and Agencies
The State of California is responsible for compliance with State laws and regulations, including the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). The following are links to helpful state agencies and resources for environmental compliance:
Office of Emergency Services (OES). OES/Environmental Office assures compliance with CEQA.
The US Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Marine Fisheries Service share responsibility for implementing the Endangered Species Act.
The 307 federally-listed threatened and endangered species in California include: red-legged frog, garter snake, Baker's larkspur, clapper rail, condor, salt marsh harvest mouse, and showy Indian clover.
Salmon and steelhead, and habitat in many streams, are a priority for both services.
Historic and Cultural Preservation Issues
There are more federally recognized Native American tribes in California than in any other State.
Every county and nearly every town in California has sites listed on or eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places.
Programmatic Environmental Assessment (PEA) for California
Many Project Worksheets prepared in California disasters (under FEMA's Public Assistance Program) are of such scale and complexity that they would require preparation of an Environmental Assessment (EA). Most actions proposed for FEMA funding in California can be grouped by type of action or location, and evaluated in a Programmatic Environmental Assessment (PEA) without the need to develop a time-consuming, stand- alone EA for each project.
FEMA RIX has developed a PEA to facilitate FEMA's compliance with NEPA. The PEA provides a framework to address the impacts of projects funded in response to flood, earthquake, fires, rain and wind. The Programmatic approach helps expedite the environmental review and the receipt of federal funds.
Programmatic Section 7 Consultations for California
FEMA RIX has negotiated Programmatic Biological Assessments to streamline coordination with the federal wildlife agencies (NMFS and USFWS).
Programmatic Historic Preservation Agreement for California
The Programmatic Agreement between FEMA, the California State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO), the California Governor's Office of Emergency Services, and the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP) helps expedite the review of projects proposed for FEMA funding that could affect historic properties, such as those involving the repair, restoration and replacement of public infrastructure.