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What is the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program?

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Release date: 
February 14, 2012
Release Number: 

Windsor, Conn. -- The Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) provides grants to States and local governments to implement long-term hazard mitigation measures after a major disaster declaration.  Authorized under Section 404 of the Stafford Act and administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, HMGP was created to reduce the loss of life and property due to natural disasters.  The program enables mitigation measures to be implemented during the immediate recovery from a disaster and is activated when the president declares a disaster. The amount of dollars available for mitigation equals 15 percent of the amount FEMA spends to assist disaster survivors and communities in the recovery process. Under HMGP, federal funds pay for 75 percent of the project cost with 25 percent coming from non-federal sources. Projects could include voluntary acquisition of real property for conversion to open space and retrofitting measures such as elevation in place, structural relocation and structural reinforcement. All programs require an up-to-date Hazard Mitigation Plan.

Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA)

The FMA program is designed to reduce or eliminate the long-term risk of flooding to structures insured through the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). FEMA provides FMA funds to assist states and communities to implement mitigation measures that reduce or eliminate the long-term risk of flood damage to buildings, manufactured homes and other structures insurable under the NFIP. States are encouraged to prioritize FMA funds for applications that include repetitive loss properties. Reduced risks will reduce the number of claims paid through the program. The grant is funded by premiums, not taxpayer dollars.

Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM)

The PDM program provides funds to states and communities for hazard mitigation planning and the implementation of mitigation projects prior to a disaster event. Some of the projects can include community safe rooms, drainage and property elevation. Funding these plans and projects reduces overall risks to the population and structures, while also reducing reliance on funding from actual disaster declarations.

"Each of these hazard mitigation grants will help make communities safer," said FEMA’s Federal Coordinating Officer Stephen M. De Blasio, Sr. "Mitigation programs are also designed to reduce the financial impact of disasters on states and on the nation."

Who is eligible to apply?

Hazard Mitigation Grant Program funding is only available to applicants that reside within a presidentially declared disaster area. Eligible applicants are:

  • State and local governments
  • Indian tribes or other tribal organizations
  • Certain non-profit organizations

Individual homeowners and businesses may not apply directly to the program; however, a community may apply on their behalf.

How can I get more information about the HMGP?

Visit: or for program information, guidance and applications.

FEMA’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards.

Last Updated: 
July 16, 2012 - 18:46
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